We surveyed the use of dietary supplements by 98 junior female students. About 20% of the students answered that they took dietary supplements. Most of them took supplements for the purpose of making up for the loss of nutrients in their food. 20% of the supplement-taking group did not eat three meals a day regularly and the rate was lower than that of the group taking no supplements (27%). 45% of the supplement-taking group felt that they did not get enough nutrients and vitamins through meals. The rate was significantly higher than that of the group taking no supplements (28%). It was suggested that those who took dietary supplements felt anxiety about their unbalanced diet. Almost half of the students taking dietary supplements were aware of the need to improve their dietary habit and tried to eat more healthfully. Thus, it is necessary for us to give the students enough information about how to have a balanced diet.
In this paper, I report the psychological and educational effects of computers in an English class in a junior college. The author used a questionnaire in order to evaluate how the students who studied English in a junior college changed their attitude toward English. The result of the questionnaire showed that they changed the way of thinking toward English in a good way. As for the educational effects, the author used the Minimal English Test (see Maki, Wasada, and Hashimoto (2003)) and analyzed the test scores statistically. The statistical analysis showed that their English-listening ability is significantly changed. This clearly indicates that computers are one of the good tools to improve the students' attitude toward English.
The aim of this paper is to reconsider Harada's (1976) arguments concerning the morphological structure of a subject honorific form o- ... -ni naru in Japanese. One of the arguments against the nominal analysis where the root of the subject honorific form is nominal comes from the fact that the sentences with the subject honorific form cannot be deleted, relativized, or clefted. The current analysis of these phenomena in Japanese reveals that these data can be handled without any stipulations and indicates that Harada's original argument that the root of the subject honorific form is verbal should be correct. I also review the morphological structure that Harada (1976) proposes, and point out two problems with it.
This study examines relations between peer interactions and young children's objective attribution to their own intention. Participants were 81 3-, 4- or 5-year-old kindergarteners. The intention was constructed by false belief, belief, desire, and intention. The research was conducted by interview method. The following results were obtained: The false belief scores of sociometric L-group in 3-year-old children were higher than those of H-group in 3-year-old children. However, the above results suggest that the development of children's playing styles may have an influence on their attribution to their own intention.
The number of the climacteric women who are engaged in the work of Visual Display Terminals (VDT hereafter) is supposed to increase more in the future. Therefore, the literature review was carried out for the purpose of clarifying the somatic effect which VDT work gives to climacteric women and the following result were obtained. Incidentally, the number of the examined literature is 32 on climacteric syndrome (seven original papers and 25 pieces of explanation) and 15 on VDT syndrome (four original papers, 9 pieces of explanation and two general remarks). 1. There are four physical symptoms which can be liable to come to menopause women who are engaged in the VDT work; they are "muscle and bone symptom", "psychoneurosis symptom", "automatic neuropathy symptom" and "symptom of the eye". The first two of them are the symptoms which overlap in both the climacteric disorder and the VDT syndrome. 2. The factors of the physical load given to climacteric women who are engaged in VDT work are "physiological characteristic", "environmental factor", "work control" and "adaptable situation of the VDT". 3. Each symptom of the climacteric disorder and the VDT syndrome interact with each other,and as a result they would make the symptom more complicated and deteriorated.
This study was carried out to detect umami substances (IMP: inosine monophosphate, MSG: monosodium glutamine, GMP: guanosine monophosphate) in ramen noodle soup-broth sold in restaurants and retail supermarkets in Kochi Prefecture, Japan. In particular, our study examined the connection between IMP and prefered salt levels found in blind taste test conducted by Kochi Gakuen College nutrition students. According to the analysis from our samples, the average level of IMP found in restaurant ramen soup-broth was 0.42μM/ml IMP and 0.82μM/ml in commercially sold soup-broth. However, students chose a level of 5.3μM/ml IMP as the most delicious. In both restaurant and commercial soup-broth, IMP levels varied greatly; however, the level of salt present varied slightly, the average restaurant soup-broth was 1.57% and 1.6% in commercial soup-broth. The students, however, chose a salt level of 1.1% as the most desirable from a taste standpoint. In this case, there was little difference between the students' preferences and what is commonly available in restaurants and supermarkets. Finally, based on the findings, we tried to make the most delicious ramen soup-broth by adjusting the levels of salt and IMP in supermarket soup-broth to 1% and 1.57μM/ml, respectively.