This paper investigates the morphological structure of the so-called subject honorific form o-X ni naru in Japanese. There are two types of the morphological analysis of the form: one is to treat X as a verb (Harada (1976)), and the other is to consider that X is a (gerundive) noun (Toribio (1990), Ivana and Sakai (2003, 2004), Takita (2003)). In this paper, we present new data, showing that X should be a verb, not a noun. As a consequence, we suggest that the form o-X ni naru does not show 'true' subject agreement.
The purpose of this paper is to discuss how Portfolio-based language learning affects the students' attitude and their interests toward English learning. In this paper, we use the term "portfolio" in order to refer to all kinds of resources and works which students undertake throughout the classroom activities, especially note-taking. Research was conducted by analyzing the students' responses toward the questionnaires (at the beginning and the end of the semester). The findings of this research are 1) that this language learning encourages the students to learn English more positively and eagerly, 2) that the students can feel more comfortable, due to the self-learning system, and 3) that they are able to reinforce their understandings of English because of the note-taking and the correct feedbacks from the teachers.
The purpose of this study is to clarify to what extent the staff members of kindergartens and nursery schools consider a counter-plan against a forthcoming earthquake in Kochi City. This research was conducted with 10 kindergartens and 35 nursery schools in Kochi City by means of a questionnaire. The results of this study are as follows: First, the stuff members feel that the big earthquake will happen in the near future. However, they also feel that the equipments against earthquake in kindergartens and nursery schools are not enough because of the money problem. Second, the information that the earthquake will come soon in Kochi City spreads among many people. Third, it is necessary to make a concrete plan of how the stuff members lead the children to an evacuation area.
This study examined the relation between junior high school students' exclusive attitudes toward other small group members and regional cultures in Japan. Participants, 1064 seventh-grade students, in Saitama regarded as a modern region or in Kochi as a traditional region, completed a questionnaire. The following significant results were obtained: Students' exclusive attitude scale scores in the traditional region were higher than those in the modern region. In addition, girls' scale scores were higher than boys' scores. Since the exclusive attitude regulates students' adjustment to school lives, a further direction of this study will be to examine the relation between exclusive attitudes toward other small group members and regional cultures with respect to students' adjustment to school lives.
We present a method to realize the goal of estimating and classifying human mental states by applying the self-organizing (feature) map: SOM to the data which uses the alpha wave and beta wave component of EEG. The data are constructed by two quantities which reflect the difference of brain activation and the level of brain activity. We performed a preliminary experiment in which five different mental states were estimated to examine the usefulness of this technique we present. As a result, SOM properly classified the state of brain activities originating in the difference in human mental states. It is also suggested that when we know which unit on the map the given EEG data belonged to, it is possible that we could estimate in what mental state we got the data.
A pathohistological study on toxocariasis was performed on infected mice, on which the autopsy was carried out 4 days, 7 days and 10 days after the infection. In paticular, we examined the histology of inflammation and the repair of the lungs in the infected mice. The hemorrhage was largely recognized in the alveolus. The injured tissues were immediately followed by an acute local reaction characterized by a sequence of vascular changes, including the outpouring of plasma fluids and proteins. Then, many neutrophilic and eosinophilic leukocytes outpoured from blood vessels. Many alveolar macrophages were activated, and erythrocytes were phagocyted by them. After phagocytosis, hemogiderin was stocked in the cytoplasm of the alveolar macrophages. These were the inflammatory reaction and the process of repair to the injury caused by Toxocara canis.
The purepose of this paper is to investigate the growth, pungency and antibacterial properties of wasabi (Wasabi japonica MATSUM. Japanese horseradish) cultivated in Kochi Prefecture. The amount of Wasabi has been declining over the past thirty years, as most of the farmers are producing it only for self-consumption, or has have stopped producing altogether. The major reasons for this were: 1) the harsh competition in the wasabi market with other prefectures, 2) the failure to improve the wasabi crops; and 3) the low price of wasabi. The result of this examination showed that the pungency and antibacterial properties in Kochi Prefecture were clearly observed, even though the rhizomes were shorter.
The nutrient intake condition of 31 female students in Department of Medical Technology, Kochi Gakuen College were surveyed by using a self-administered diet history questionnaire. As a result, the subject's sufficiency rate for intake energy, protein, lipid and carbohydrate were 85%, 86%, 105% and 76%, respectively. In addition, the sufficiency rate for vitamin A, vitamin B_1, vitamin B_2 and vitamin C were 85%, 75%, 90% and 84%, respectively. On the other hand, the sufficiency rate for calcium and iron were 58% and 53% respectively, which were significantly lower than the expected general mean rate. The result of this survey showed that the nutrient intake condition of female students in Department of Medical Technology, Kochi Gakuen College were lower than that of the female students in the nourishment-related department. Therefore, the nourishment education to the students may be necessary.