Previously, Team based learning (TBL) has been carried out in a paper-based format. We introduced TBL using an e-Learning system (moodle) into lessons in the department of human life science at Kochi Gakuen College. We encorporated the IRAT(Individual Readiness Assurance Test)and the GRAT (Group Readiness Assurance Test) into the moodle test module and lesson module. In addition, we incorporated a forum module for students to appeal their answers after check tests, and also to develop the application portion of the TBL subject.Through the use of this system, teachers using TBL could handle all student level course adjustments and it became unnecessary for them to prepare prints. From the result of a questionnaire, it was confirmed that the students could operate the system easily, felt motivated in the group work of TBL, and felt the system was useful. It is shown that using TBL through this system had a measurable educational effect.
As a result of having conducted an investigation into the ratio of sweetness preference for 60 woman junior college students, 71.7% of the students preferred sweetness. Comparative study was made of the intake of each nutrient of those who preferred sweetness and sweetness non-preference people. As for 9 people (Group A) of those who preferred sweetness, who corresponded to 118.0% of the 20s' intake amount of energy by National Health Nourishment Investigation (2008), there were much intake of energy from lipid, carbohydrates and simple glucose and the sweetness preference overlapped with fat taste preference. In addition, 34 people (Group B) of those who preferred sweetness, who corresponded to 73% of the 20s' intake amount of energy, took a lot of carbohydrates and simple glucose and the intake energy was unbalanced to staple food.On the other hand, the intake amount of energy of 17 sweetness non-preference people (Group C) corresponded to 91.3% of that of the 20's by the Investigation (2008), and the balanced nutrient of protein, lipid, carbohydrates and simple glucose were taken, but the intake amount of energy was short. 51 of the 60 people of this investigation lacked intake amount of energy in comparison with the required amount (physical activity level II) of the intake energy of the 20's woman. It seems that it is necessary to take measures on this point.
Recently, the number of Japanese young women who skip meals, especially breakfast, has increased. To clarify the relationship between skipping breakfast, life patterns, and nutrient intake, a survey by questionnaire was conducted on female students in Department of Human Life Sciences at Kochi Gakuen College. The percentage of skipping meals was 41.4% and 24.1% of the students skipped breakfast. Significant associations were not found between the rate of skipping breakfast and lifestyle factors such as bedtime, wake-up time, and whether they have part-time jobs or not. Students with insufficient calorie intake who skip breakfast had lower intakes of calcium and iron. Students with sufficient calorie intake who skip breakfast tended to have postprandial hyperglycemia. 64.7% of the students who have breakfast everyday had insufficient calorie intake and it was assumed that they wanted to lose their weight.Our results suggested a further research is needed to assess dietary habits among young females, considering the diversity of life patterns.
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), the most common subtype of malignant lymphoma, is clinically and pathologicaly heterogeneous.We studied 104 cases of DLBCL with the method that Hans and coworkers developed an immunohistochemical algorithm using CD10, BCL-6 and MUM-1. 24 (23%) cases were considered germinal center B cel l type (GCB type) which expressed CD10 or BCL-6, another 80 (77%) cases were non germinal center B cell type (Non GCB type) which expressed BCL-6 or MUM-1. The tumor cells of GCB type were centroblastic or centrocytic cells, and these of Non GCB type were immunoblastic and plasmacitic cells. Fortermore we studied malignancy using Ki-67 and mitotic index. Conclusively we found no difference in malignancy between the GCB type and non GCB type groups. A immunohistochemistry woud have wide applicability and practical utility in routine clinical practice.
The purpose of this paper is to examine the concept of =cd=ab2cUKKARI(carelessness)" in Souzou Kurahashi through knowledge about theory of play and solve it. In this paper, the author consults Satoji Yano's theory of play. Traditional theory of play usually took interest in the function of play for the child's development. But Yano's theory focuses on the process and the dynamism of action of playing children. Yano's consideration teaches us that play is the extremely unclear activity, but the unclearness causes the dynamism in play, and can give children strong impressions. The nursery teacher's =cd=ab2cUKKARI" brings an accidental and unclear element in play. The concept of =cd=ab2cUKKARI" in Kurahashi that the nursery teacher's =cd=ab2cUKKARI" does educationally important working, can be solved from the perspective of unclearness in play.
This paper is the report about coorperation between Kochi Gakuen College and Kochi Kindergarten(a kindergarten attached to this junior college)in the 2010 academic year. On the basis of problems in the 2009 academic year, in 2010, this junior college and Kochi Kindergarten had a meeting to exchange views in March, and cooperated for the study class in April and May, the preliminary and follow-up guidance on teaching practice in June and July, the observational practice and volunteer work in July and August. Coorperation in education was improved in a lot of points, and students recognized the value of this cooperation. On the other hand, Coorperation in research is still not good enough. Future problems are to deepen coorperation in education more, and to improve cooperation in research with establishing the methodology of the case study.
Drawing blood from ear lobe is the first step in the clinical tests, but its processes should be paid much attensions and need extensive training for the laboratory medical technologist, since the clinical test using the puncture needle often causes of serious problems accidentally to infect the technologist with virus, (Notices on the Securities in Drawing Blood; Announced by the Ministry of Health and Welfare, March 2010). In this report, questionnaires about drowing blood from the earlobe on 85 medical facilities have newly been conducted. 70% of the medical facilities enforced the test, while the numbers of blood-test commission has a drift of decrease. The survey in fact indicates that drawing blood from the ear lobe always accompanies a high risk inevitable to cause virus infection in nature whenever the needle accidentally pierces the ear lobe. In this report, a secure and effective method in drawing blood has also been inspected for 41 persons as subjects, using the alcohol-absorbent cotton in the other side of the ear-lobe. Bleeding period (Duke's method) and the size of ecchymoses were subsequently analyzed, the result of which indicates that the present method in blood-test is much better in security and effects than that performed so far.
This paper clarified the current state of students' acquisition of practical skills and problems concerning this in the 7 areas of nursing practice in the nursing course of our college, using the Report presented by the Study Group on Education for Nursing, "Core clinical training to acquire the skills for nursing practice (March 26, 2002)" as a guide. Issues related to nursing practical skills (5 items), issues of relationship skills (7 items), issues related to clinical decision-making and problem-solving ability and management skills (3 items), and issues concerning ability related to the roles and responsibilities of nursing professionals (2 items) are extracted. New challenges are revealed concerning the =cd=ab2cmaturity" which underlies the goals shown in the guide. Although those issues need further examination, this paper clearly shows a direction that we should take to carry out education unique to our college. We also gained suggestions for the way toward improvement of the "quality" of our education.