Papers in Meteorology and Geophysics
Online ISSN : 1880-6643
Print ISSN : 0031-126X
ISSN-L : 0031-126X
Volume 15, Issue 2
Displaying 1-3 of 3 articles from this issue
  • Y. Arai
    1964 Volume 15 Issue 2 Pages 93-118
    Published: 1964
    Released on J-STAGE: December 11, 2012
    Classification of daily 500 mb patterns in 10 winters into fundamental and sub-weather types is carried out by using the eccentric index newly defined in the present study. One of the fundamental weather types, L1-type, is circulation patterns similar to those observed in the abnormal January 1963. The eccentric index, anomaly of the zonal index and the anomaly of the amplitude of the third harmonic at 50°N classify nine fundamental weather types into twenty-seven subweather types.500 mb patterns in January 1963 is more similar to L11-type, one of the sub-weather types, than to L1-type.
    The anomaly of the amplitude of the firs t harmonic at 50°N is positively correlated to the eccentric index and related also to the eccentricity of the circumpolar westerlies. These results are explained synoptically and the usefulness of the eccentric index is shown.
    The statistical behavior of the zonal index is analyzed in connection with the fundamental weather types. From this statistical behavior and the correlation field between the zonal index and the anomaly of 500 mb heights, we come to the conclusion that the eccentric index selects circulation patterns with the severe high and low index. In other words, there are circulation patterns in which the severe high or low index stages are apt to occur.
    The large-scale cut-off low which often develops in the Pacific in one of the sub-weather types and the characteristics of the phase angle of the fourth harmonic at 50°N are also discussed.
    L1-type is observed very often in winter 1952-53 and persistently in January 1963. These facts suggest that L1-type is very important to the climatic variation causing abnormal weather simultaneously in several regions in the northern hemisphere.
    The categories presented here are compared with those obtained by other authors. Some of the weather types presented by HESS and BREZOWSKY(1952) correspond to the present author's, and the wind direction and temperature observed at Zurich are related to the fundamental weather types. Severe cold in North Japan is connected with the present classification.
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  • E. Suzuki
    1964 Volume 15 Issue 2 Pages 119-160
    Published: 1964
    Released on J-STAGE: December 11, 2012
    In order to predict the type of rainfall caused by Typhoon and front categorically, discriminant analysis procedures were applied and improved to be adapted for actual situations of predictors. The minimum risk procedure was also contrived as a deformed decision rule in addition to the ordinary discrimination boundary.
    Categorical prediction possibi l ities were next verified by use of contingency tables in each case.
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  • M. Sanuki, S. Kimura, H. Obana
    1964 Volume 15 Issue 2 Pages 161-165
    Published: 1964
    Released on J-STAGE: December 11, 2012
    With a hope to find a breeze indicator of aerodynamic type three kinds of pendulous-plate anemoters and also three kinds of bridledwindmill anemometers are experimented in the towing water tank without water, at the Meteorological Research Institute. The carriage speed is under 1 m/s, and the anemometer indications are given by the inclination angle of the plate, and the twist angle of the windmill shaft respectively. The results suggest the possibility of the proposed anemometers down to 0.25 m/s or even lower wind speed.
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