Papers in Meteorology and Geophysics
Online ISSN : 1880-6643
Print ISSN : 0031-126X
ISSN-L : 0031-126X
Volume 40 , Issue 2
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  • Hiromi Takayama
    1989 Volume 40 Issue 2 Pages 63-81
    Published: 1989
    Released: October 20, 2006
       Geoelectric variations near Numazu have been observed since August 1985 by making use of the equipment of the Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation (NTT). Electrodes used are earths for the communication at the NTT repeater stations. Observed data are stable in a long range of time, because of the low contact resistance and the deep installation of electrodes. Sources of geoelectric variations are so many and complicated that it is necessary to investigate the character of the geoelectric variations in order to clarify the relation between the geoelectric variations and the tectonic activities.
       There are many spike-like variations, the time duration of which is shorter than 10 minutes. The sources seem to be leak currents from the railways electrified with direct current power and the electric facilities of factories. The amplitude of spike-like variations becomes larger when there is precipitation, since it lowers the leak resistance of rails to the ground. Therefore, the daily standard deviation, which is the square root of the mean of the squared deviations, correlates to precipitation. In some observation lines, daily mean values also correlate to precipitation. By a filteration process, we were able to identify the geoelectric variations induced by geomagnetic variations. The direction of the largest induced geoelectric variations is nearly east-west. The relation between geoelectric variations and the tide level is not clear, since both these correlate to atmospheric pressure and/or precipitation.
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  • Compared with the Observation
    Akio Kitoh
    1989 Volume 40 Issue 2 Pages 83-101
    Published: 1989
    Released: October 20, 2006
       The persistence of the Northern Hemisphere planetary-scale circulation in a 12-year simulation of the Meteorological Research Institute atmospheric general circulation model is investigated, based on the daily 500 mb height field. Forty-three quasi-stationary events are identified by the use of a subjectively defined criterion as used by Horel. Twenty-seven of them are classified into five distinct types by cluster analysis. They are compared with the observed persistence and the twenty-five quasi-stationary events for the 8-year period of 1980-1987.
       Asymmetry in seasonal variation of the simulated persistence is found. It is high in late winter months, and low in fall, not in summer. It is also found that the model atmosphere is more persistent in the Atlantic sector than in the Pacific. They are different from the observation where the seasonal variation of the persistence is not so large as in the model, the persistence is low in summer and there are no distinct differences in the persistence between the Atlantic and the Pacific sectors.
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