The short wave diathermy was utilized on the 25 patients with rheumatoid arthritis suffering from the pain of the knee joint and therapeutic effects were evaluated. Ito rator K-I, a short wave generator for the treatment at home (voltage: 100v, 28MHZ), was applied on the painful knee joint daily for 20 minutes. The therapeutic effects were assessed by the findings before and after daily single application of the short wave diathermy (I), and also by the findings after a series of the treatments during a month (II). In the latter case, the short wave diathermy was utilized for 20 minutes every morning between nine and ten except on Sundays. For the purpose of the evaluation of the therapeutic effects, six items of the studies were selected, including (1) points of the joint pain, (2) A-ROM of the knee flexion, (3) gait time for 10 meters, (4) time between the flexion and extension, (5) extensor muscle strength of the knee, and (6) flexor muscle strength of the knee. The results were as follows: (1) The knee joint pain was improved after daily single application of the short wave diathermy and the decrease in their pain points was 30 per cent. (2) Gait time for 10 meters and time between the knee flexion and extension (10 times) were significantly improved after daily single application of the short wave diathermy. (3) After a series of treatments of thort wave diathermy during a month some improvements were showed on the all items, but every improvements was not significant.
The effects of acupuncture therapy on autonomic nervous complaints were studied. Acupuncture therapy was given to 30 patients with subacute myelo-optico-neuropathy (SMON), and 53.5%, on the average, showed improvement in the autonomic nervous complaints specific to SMON. In seven of these, who had undergone acupuncture therapy for three successive years, a high rate of improvement, 77.3% on the average, was observed, indicating that acupuncture therapy is useful in alleviating autonomic nervous complaints even in the chronic stage. These results suggested an effect of acupuncture on autonomic nervous system.
The relationship between the decrease in heart rate due to acupuncture stimulation and the autonomic nervous system was studied based on Tanaka et al.'s test of the autonomic nervous functions. A sufficient quantity of atropine sulfate and propranolol hydrochloride was administered to human subjects in order to study the effects of these medicines on the response of heart rate to acupuncture stimulation. A decrease in heart rate due to acupuncture stimulation was proved to occur through both the vagal nerve and sympathetic β-receptor system. The results of the experiments in human subjects suggested that acupuncture stimulation infuluences visceral effector function through the autonomic nervous system.
CO2-gesättigte Mineralwässer werden in Mitteleuropa seit römischer Zeit zum Trinken genutzt. Im 18. Jahrhundert wurden Gasbäder in CO2-Mofetten eingeführt. Die Verwendung der Sauerwässer für Bäder bekam erst nach der Mitte des vorigen Jahrhunderts in CO2-gesättigten Thermen von 27 bis 34°C einen gröoßeren Umfang. Auf Grund des therapeutischen Erfolges derselben wurden Techniken entwickelt, um für Bäder kalte Sauerwässer unter Schonung des Gasgehaltes aufzuwärmen, in Mineralwässern physikalisch und in Süßwässern auch chemisch CO2-Gas zu lösen.
Die Wirkungen des CO2-Bades beruhen auf der freien Diffusion des gelösten Gases und dessen teilweiser Hydration in der Haut. Die Empfindlichkeit cutaner nervöser Rezeptoren wird verändert, die Kaltafferenz gehemmt. Das cutane Pooling verändert die Reaktion auf den hydrostatischen Druck im Bade. Die vermehrte Hautdurchblutung verbessert die Bedingungen des konvektiven Wärmetransportes durch die Haut bei allen Badetemperaturen. Die verschiedenen Effekte sind vielfach therapeutisch nutzbar.