We previously found experimentally that the subcutaneous tissue perfusion rate was increased by about 16% upon inhalation of high concentration radon (13, 764-23, 743Bq/l). To clarify the effect of a lower concentration of radon water by mass spectrometry, the subcutaneous tissue perfusion rate was determined experimentally in rabbits using fourth-day radon water of a 3, 519-6, 710Bq/l concentration taken from a mineral spring. The subcutaneous tissue perfusion rate with inhalation of the radon water was 15.81±3.10ml/100g/min (mean±SD, n=10), which was similar to that with inhalation with physiological saline solution (15.96±3.09ml/1008/min, n=16). However, the subcutaneous tissue perfusion rate with inhalation of more highly concentrated, first-day, radon water (8, 641-17, 366Bq/l) was 20.76±3.58ml/100g/min (n=16), being significantly higher (p<0.01) than that with water at lower radon concentration. Further studies are needed on the effect of radon water in relation to the hormesis with low dose of radiation.
To clarify the relationship between the occurrence of the attacks of Raynaud's phenomenon and weather, maximum, minimum and mean air temperatures in winter were surveyed on the days in which the attacks of Raynaud's phenomenon occurred in 4 female students with Raynaud's phenomenon in the fingers. The results obtained were as follows: 1) In general, the percentages of the days when the attacks of Raynaud's phenomenon occurred was the highest from the end of November to December, compared to the January and February results. 2) Minimum and mean air temperatures on the days excluding holidays when the attacks of Raynaud's phenomenon occurred were significantly lower than those on the days when the attacks did not occur for the subject who went to school from her own home; this result was not noticeble for the others who lived at the dormitory. In all subjects there were no differences in the maximum air temperatures between the days when the attacks of Raynaud's phenomenon occurred and the days when the attack did not occur.
The therapeutic effect of artificial CO2 pack on pressure sores of five patients with neurological diseases was confirmed using an infrared thermometer. The artificial CO2 pack was prepared by dissolving a 5-g KAO-BABU tablet in 250ml of water at 50°C. It was proven that the pressure sore recovered faster after treatment with artificial CO2 hot-pack than that with plain water hot-pack. In addition, the skin temperature in the area around the pressure sore became lower than the temperature just before the treatment presumably because of the steal phenomenon of blood flow under the skin.
The Raynaud phenomenon of fingers, a specific physical disturbance, frequently occurs in those who have used pneumatic vibrating tools such as chain saws for many years. Only a few pathological studies of this lesion have been reported although there are many clinical physiological studies. We conducted an autopsy of a 71-year-old man, who was a patient with cholecystocarcinoma and died of pneumonia. He had worked for 17 years using pneumatic vibrating tools and had been an out-patient of the surgical department, where he received physical treatment and spa therapy because he suffered from the Raynaud syndrome in his left fingers. The findings obtained from a microscopic observation of the finger tip skin of the corpse are summarized as follows: 1. Many dilated small arteries, accompanied by local thickening of the intima and torn medial elastic fibers, were noticed between the subpapillary and deep layer of the dermis. 2. Stenotic arterioles due to muscular hyperplasia of the media were relatively few. 3. Dilatation of capillaries was found in the subpapillary layer of the dermis, and dilatation of small veins, in the deep layer. 4. Atrophy was noticed in the peripheral neurofibers, Vater-Pacini corpuscles, and sweat glands. 5. The dermis showed sclerotic changes with marked diffuse fibrosis.
Objective: Very few studies have been reported on the specific functions of individual meridians and acupuncture points. We examined the functional relations between “the gallbladder Meredian and gallbladder” using the gallbladder's form as an index, in older to identify the specific functions of individual meridians and acupuncture points. Subjects and Methods: This study was made on five healthy male adult volunteers who fasted during the experiment day. The gallbladder was selected as the target organ and its form was measured with an ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus (Toshiba SSA-90A). The images of the gallbladder form were taken at the pointwhen the major axis of the cross-sectional area of the gallbladder was maxium. The cross-sectional area of the gallbladder was measured with an image analyzer. The gallbladder form was measured 15 minutes after the subject had lied on his back. Images were taken at intervals of 2 to 5 minutes 10 minutes before stimulation and for 30 minutes during and after stimulation. Acupuncture stimulation was given at the points of C34. Dannang, G36, G37, G40, and G44 on the right side of the body. After getting the degi, 1 minute of sparrow picking needle technique and 1 minute of leaving needle technique were repeated three times. Results: 1) Stimulation of the G34, G36, G37, and G44 gave no effects on the gallbladder form. 2) Stimulation of the Dannang (EX) produced contraction of the gallbladder. 3) Stimulation of the G40 produced distension of the gallbladder. From the above results, we found that there two types of acupuncture points; one causes contraction of the gallbladder, and the other, distension of the gallbladder. This suggests that individual acupuncture points have specific functions.
Degeneration of facial nerve and the facial movement in patients with peripheral facial nerve palsy in early stages must be assessed. Therefore, we conducted electroneurography (ENoG) and blink reflex (BR) tests on 30 patients with unilateral peripheral facial nerve palsy. In the ENoG test, transcutaneous electrical stimulation was applied to the trunk of the facial nerve on the stylomastoid foramen and the response (M-wave) evoked from the bilateral orbicularis oculi muscle was measured. The ratio of M-wave amplitude on the paralyzed side to that on the normal side was then calcu-lated. In the blink reflex response test, transcutaneous electrical stimulation was applied to the supraorbital nerves and the response evoked from the orbicularis oculi muscle was measured. The response consisted of an early ipsilateral component, R1, and a late bilateral component, R2. Further, the ratio of R2 amplitude on the normal side to that on the paralyzed side and the difference in latencies of R2 between paralyzed side and normal side were calculated from each waveform thus obtained. Facial muscle movement was assessed according to the grading system proposed by the Japan Society of Facial Nerve Research (in which the normal state is represented by 40 points). After examining the relationships between the score and some parameters in ENoG and BR (the ratio of M-wave amplitude, the ratio of R2 amplitude, the difference between the two sides on the latencies of R2) on each patient, we found close correlations between the score and some parameters. In summary, assessment of ENoG and BR was useful for evaluating the clinical severity of peripheral facial nerve palsy.
According to EOT report there are 752 mineral springs in Greece, of which 180 are used for external use, 148 for internal use, and 20 for both uses. By EOT's invitation 9 spas: Aedipsos, Thermopylae, Platystomo, Ypati, Kammena Vourla, Kylini, Kaiafa, Maudraki (Nisyros), and Calithea (Rhodes) were visited. 7 are situated by the beautiful sea shore and 3 are surrounded by fragrant wood. In Kylini a modernized grand etablissement thermale is going on to accomplish. Calithea is for the present not used for drinking. In Nisyros a plan to develop geothermal energy production is going on which may have influence on thermal spring. Greek spas can and should be more widely used not only for cure treatment but also for tourism.