The foreign funding fund wanted to suspend the service of some unprofitable routes of a major private railway company. Although the transportation density of four lines is over 8000 people among five targeted lines, all five lines are presumed to be unprofitable. Although the same problem may occur in other major private railway companies, application of foreign exchange and foreign trade law is not easy. This paper analysed the issue mainly in terms of legal aspects including railway business act.
This paper is intended to demonstrate quantitatively that the subcontracting transport affects the possibility of traffic accidents in the trucking industry in Japan. First, the actual condition of multiple subcontracting structure in the trucking industry is discussed to show that the possibility of “transaction stage (subcontracted transport)” affects the human factors of traffic accidents. Then, the statistic analysis of accidents data shows the difference in transaction stage is related to the fatal accidents. In addition, the reduction of fatal accidents may be caused by obtaining “G Mark (excellent safety office certification)”.