Risk communication is an interactive process of informations and reactions betweem senders and recievers. This study aims to rearrange importance and essence of safety, and clarifies increasing need of risk communication between companies and users concerning safety measures on the platform, delay problems, safety measures in the local railways and so on in railway today. And it proposes consciousness reform concerning users, improvement of the communication system are necessary as measures promoting risk communication..
This paper examines the theoretical foundation of fare regulation on taxi services, and reviews the past and present legal and institutional mechanism of nationwide taxi fare regulation in Japan. It points out the difficulties to apply the total cost principle to the taxi fare under the condition that various taxi fare levels are permitted. For policy implications, the attempt of the initial fare reduction with shorter initial distance based on the total cost principle is examined. The nationwide regulation system on local transport modes such as taxi service impedes flexible and appropriate policy implementations such as fare restructuring and supply adjustment.
Hub/transit airports have a competition with each other for international transit passengers when they need to do. This study focuses on long-haul (more than 14 hours) international transit flights between North America and Southeast/South Asia through East Asian global hub airports. Firstly, the current transit passenger situation among global hub airports is identified. Secondly, possible factors affecting transit passengers’ flight choice are selected and their weight are estimated by analytic hierarchy process (AHP).