IEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences
Online ISSN : 1745-1337
Print ISSN : 0916-8508
Volume E91.A , Issue 3
Showing 1-32 articles out of 32 articles from the selected issue
Special Section on Signal Processing for Audio and Visual Systems and Its Implementations
  • Ichiro KURODA
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 721-722
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: July 01, 2018
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    Download PDF (55K)
  • Xiaohe LI, Taiyi ZHANG, Zhan QU
    Type: PAPER
    Subject area: Image Processing
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 723-729
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: March 01, 2010
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    Image segmentation is an essential processing step for many image analysis applications. In this paper, a novel image segmentation algorithm using fuzzy C-means clustering (FCM) with spatial constraints based on Markov random field (MRF) via Bayesian theory is proposed. Due to disregard of spatial constraint information, the FCM algorithm fails to segment images corrupted by noise. In order to improve the robustness of FCM to noise, a powerful model for the membership functions that incorporates local correlation is given by MRF defined through a Gibbs function. Then spatial information is incorporated into the FCM by Bayesian theory. Therefore, the proposed algorithm has both the advantages of the FCM and MRF, and is robust to noise. Experimental results on the synthetic and real-world images are given to demonstrate the robustness and validity of the proposed algorithm.
    Download PDF (3060K)
  • Yukihiro BANDOH, Kazuya HAYASE, Seishi TAKAMURA, Kazuto KAMIKURA, Yosh ...
    Type: PAPER
    Subject area: Image Processing
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 730-739
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: March 01, 2010
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    Realistic representations using extremely high quality images are becoming increasingly popular. For example, digital cinemas can now display moving pictures composed of high-resolution digital images. Although these applications focus on increasing the spatial resolution only, higher frame-rates are being considered to achieve more realistic representations. Since increasing the frame-rate increases the total amount of information, efficient coding methods are required. However, its statistical properties are not clarified. This paper establishes for high frame-rate video a mathematical model of the relationship between frame-rate and bit-rate. A coding experiment confirms the validity of the mathematical model.
    Download PDF (2755K)
  • Min-Cheol HWANG, Jun-Hyung KIM, Chun-Su PARK, Sung-Jea KO
    Type: PAPER
    Subject area: Image Coding and Video Coding
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 740-748
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: March 01, 2010
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    Error concealment at a decoder is an efficient method to reduce the degradation of visual quality caused by channel errors. In this paper, we propose a novel spatio-temporal error concealment algorithm based on the spatial-temporal fading (STF) scheme which has been recently introduced. Although STF achieves good performance for the error concealment, several drawbacks including blurring still remain in the concealed blocks. To alleviate these drawbacks, in the proposed method, hybrid approaches with adaptive weights are proposed. First, the boundary matching algorithm and the decoder motion vector estimation which are well-known temporal error concealment methods are adaptively combined to compensate for the defect of each other. Then, an edge preserved method is utilized to reduce the blurring effects caused by the bilinear interpolation for spatial error concealment. Finally, two concealed results obtained by the hybrid spatial and temporal error concealment are pixelwisely blended with adaptive weights. Experimental results exhibit that the proposed method outperforms conventional methods including STF in terms of the PSNR performance as well as subjective visual quality, and the computational complexity of the proposed method is similar to that of STF.
    Download PDF (6506K)
  • Xiang-Hui WEI, Shen LI, Yang SONG, Satoshi GOTO
    Type: PAPER
    Subject area: Image Coding and Video Coding
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 749-755
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: March 01, 2010
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    Motion estimation (ME) is a computation-intensive module in video coding system. In MPEG-2 to H. 264 transcoding, motion vector (MV) from MPEG-2 reused as search center in H. 264 encoder is a simple but effective technique to simplify ME processing. However, directly applying MPEG-2 MV as search center will bring difficulties on application of data reuse method in hardware design, because the irregular overlapping of search windows between successive macro block (MB). In this paper, we propose a search window reuse scheme for transcoding, especially for HDTV application. By utilizing the similarity between neighboring MV, overlapping area of search windows can be regularized. Experiment results show that our method achieves average 93.1% search window reuse-rate in HDTV720p sequence with almost no video quality degradation. Compared to transcoding method without any data reuse scheme, bandwidth of the proposed method can be reduced to 40.6% of that.
    Download PDF (3401K)
  • Yutaka KAMAMOTO, Noboru HARADA, Takehiro MORIYA
    Type: PAPER
    Subject area: Audio Coding
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 756-762
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: March 01, 2010
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    A new linear prediction analysis method for multichannel signals was devised, with the goal of enhancing the compression performance of the MPEG-4 Audio Lossless Coding (ALS) compliant encoder and decoder. The multichannel coding tool for this standard carries out an adaptively weighted subtraction of the residual signals of the coding channel from those of the reference channel, both of which are produced by independent linear prediction. Our linear prediction method tries to directly minimize the amplitude of the predicted residual signal after subtraction of the signals of the coding channel, and the method has been implemented in the MPEG-4 ALS codec software. The results of a comprehensive evaluation show that this method reduces the size of a compressed file. The maximum improvement of the compression ratio is 14.6% which is achieved at the cost of a small increase in computational complexity at the encoder and without increase in decoding time. This is a practical method because the compressed bitstream remains compliant with the MPEG-4 ALS standard.
    Download PDF (2119K)
  • Nobuyuki IWANAGA, Tomoya MATSUMURA, Akihiro YOSHIDA, Wataru KOBAYASHI, ...
    Type: PAPER
    Subject area: Engineering Acoustics
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 763-771
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: March 01, 2010
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    A sound localization method in the proximal region is proposed, which is based on a low-cost 3D sound localization algorithm with the use of head-related transfer functions (HRTFs). The auditory parallax model is applied to the current algorithm so that more accurate HRTFs can be used for sound localization in the proximal region. In addition, head-shadowing effects based on rigid-sphere model are reproduced in the proximal region by means of a second-order IIR filter. A subjective listening test demonstrates the effectiveness of the proposed method. Embedded system implementation of the proposed method is also described claiming that the proposed method improves sound effects in the proximal region only with 5.1% increase of memory capacity and 8.3% of computational costs.
    Download PDF (4505K)
  • Taegyun LIM, Keunsung BAE, Chansik HWANG, Hyeonguk LEE
    Type: LETTER
    Subject area: Engineering Acoustics
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 772-774
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: March 01, 2010
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    This paper presents a new method for classification of underwater transient signals, which employs a binary image pattern of the mel-frequency cepstral coefficients as a feature vector and a feed-forward neural network as a classifier. The feature vector is obtained by taking DCT and 1-bit quantization for the square matrix of the mel-frequency cepstral coefficients that is derived from the frame based cepstral analysis. The classifier is a feed-forward neural network having one hidden layer and one output layer, and a back propagation algorithm is used to update the weighting vector of each layer. Experimental results with underwater transient signals demonstrate that the proposed method is very promising for classification of underwater transient signals.
    Download PDF (1237K)
Regular Section
  • Xin XU, Noboru HAYASAKA, Yoshikazu MIYANAGA
    Type: PAPER
    Subject area: Speech and Hearing
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 775-781
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: March 01, 2010
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    This paper proposes a new algorithm named Adaptive Running Spectrum Filtering (ARSF) to restore the amplitude spectra of speech corrupted by additive noises. Based on the pre-hand noise estimation, adaptive filtering is used in speech modulation spectra according to the noise conditions. The periodic structures in the amplitude spectra are kept against noise distortion. Since the amplitude spectral structures contain the information of fundamental frequency, which is the inverse of pitch period, ARSF algorithm is added into robust pitch detection to increase the accuracy. Compared with the conventional methods, experimental results show that the proposed method significantly improves the robustness of pitch detection against noise conditions with several types and SNRs.
    Download PDF (2507K)
  • Masao NAGANO, Toshio ONODERA, Mototaka SONE
    Type: PAPER
    Subject area: Digital Signal Processing
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 782-790
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: March 01, 2010
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    A sweep spectrum analyzerr has been improved over the years, but the fundamental method has not been changed before the ‘Super Sweep’ method appeared. The ‘Super Sweep’ method has been expected to break the limitation of the conventional sweep spectrum analyzer, a limit of the maximum sweep rate which is in inverse proportion to the square of the frequency resolution. The superior performance of the ‘Super Sweep’ method, however, has not been experimentally proved yet. This paper gives the experimental evaluation on the ‘Super Sweep’ spectrum analyzer, of which theoretical concepts have already been presented by the authors of this paper. Before giving the experimental results, we give complete analysis for a sweep spectrum analyzer and express the principle of the super-sweep operation with a complete set of equations. We developed an experimental system whose components operated in an optimum condition as the spectrum analyzer. Then we investigated its properties, a peak level reduction and broadening of the frequency resolution of the measured spectrum, by changing the sweep rate. We also confirmed that the experimental system satisfactorily detected the spectrum at least 30 times faster than the conventional method and the sweep rate was in proportion to the bandwidth of the base band signal to be analyzed. We proved that the ‘Super Sweep’ method broke the restriction of the sweep rate put on a conventional sweep spectrum analyzer.
    Download PDF (2410K)
  • Makoto NAKASHIZUKA
    Type: PAPER
    Subject area: Digital Signal Processing
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 791-800
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: March 01, 2010
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    This study proposes a method to decompose a signal into a set of periodic signals. The proposed decomposition method imposes a penalty on the resultant periodic subsignals in order to improve the sparsity of decomposition and avoid the overestimation of periods. This penalty is defined as the weighted sum of the l2 norms of the resultant periodic subsignals. This decomposition is approximated by an unconstrained minimization problem. In order to solve this problem, a relaxation algorithm is applied. In the experiments, decomposition results are presented to demonstrate the simultaneous detection of periods and waveforms hidden in signal mixtures.
    Download PDF (3672K)
  • Kazuya TSUKAMOTO, Yoshinobu KAJIKAWA, Yasuo NOMURA
    Type: PAPER
    Subject area: Digital Signal Processing
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 801-808
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: March 01, 2010
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    In this paper, we propose a novel sound field reproduction system that uses the simultaneous perturbation (SP) method as well as two fast convergence techniques. Sound field reproduction systems that reproduce any desired signal at listener's ear generally use fixed preprocessing filters that are determined by the transfer functions from loudspeakers to control points in advance. However, control point movement results in severe localization errors. Our solution is a sound field reproduction system, based on the SP method, which uses only an error signal to update the filter coefficients. The SP method can track all control point movements but suffers from slow convergence. Hence, we also propose two methods that offer improved convergence speeds. One is a delay control method that compensates the delay caused by back-and-forth control point movements. The other is a compensation method that offsets the localization error caused by head rotation. Simulations demonstrate that the proposed methods can well track control point movements while offering reasonable convergence speeds.
    Download PDF (2095K)
  • Seiichi NAKAMORI, María J. GARCÍA-LIGERO, Aurora HERMOSO ...
    Type: PAPER
    Subject area: Digital Signal Processing
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 809-817
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: March 01, 2010
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    In this paper, we propose a recursive filtering algorithm to restore monochromatic images which are corrupted by general dependent additive noise. It is assumed that the equation which describes the image field is not available and a filtering algorithm is obtained using the information provided by the covariance functions of the signal, noise that affects the measurement equation, and the fourth-order moments of the signal. The proposed algorithm is obtained by an innovation approach which provides a simple derivation of the least mean-squared error linear estimators. The estimation of the grey level in each spatial coordinate is made taking into account the information provided by the grey levels located on the row of the pixel to be estimated. The proposed filtering algorithm is applied to restore images which are affected by general signal-dependent additive noise.
    Download PDF (5167K)
  • Nari TANABE, Toshihiro FURUKAWA, Shigeo TSUJII
    Type: PAPER
    Subject area: Digital Signal Processing
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 818-829
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: March 01, 2010
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    We propose a noise suppression algorithm with the Kalman filter theory. The algorithm aims to achieve robust noise suppression for the additive white and colored disturbance from the canonical state space models with (i) a state equation composed of the speech signal and (ii) an observation equation composed of the speech signal and additive noise. The remarkable features of the proposed algorithm are (1) applied to adaptive white and colored noises where the additive colored noise uses babble noise, (2) realization of high performance noise suppression without sacrificing high quality of the speech signal despite simple noise suppression using only the Kalman filter algorithm, while many conventional methods based on the Kalman filter theory usually perform the noise suppression using the parameter estimation algorithm of AR (auto-regressive) system and the Kalman filter algorithm. We show the effectiveness of the proposed method, which utilizes the Kalman filter theory for the proposed canonical state space model with the colored driving source, using numerical results and subjective evaluation results.
    Download PDF (3321K)
  • Seungbeom LEE, Hanho LEE
    Type: PAPER
    Subject area: VLSI Design Technology and CAD
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 830-835
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: March 01, 2010
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    This paper presents a novel high-speed low-complexity pipelined degree-computationless modified Euclidean (pDCME) algorithm architecture for high-speed RS decoders. The pDCME algorithm allows elimination of the degree-computation so as to reduce hardware complexity and obtain high-speed processing. A high-speed RS decoder based on the pDCME algorithm has been designed and implemented with 0.13-μm CMOS standard cell technology in a supply voltage of 1.1V. The proposed RS decoder operates at a clock frequency of 660MHz and has a throughput of 5.3Gb/s. The proposed architecture requires approximately 15% fewer gate counts and a simpler control logic than architectures based on the popular modified Euclidean algorithm.
    Download PDF (1391K)
  • Shigeaki KUZUOKA, Tomohiko UYEMATSU
    Type: PAPER
    Subject area: Information Theory
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 836-845
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: March 01, 2010
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    This paper investigates the fixed-slope lossy coding of individual sequences and nonstationary sources. We clarify that, for a given individual sequence, the optimal cost attainable by the blockwise lossy encoders is equal to the optimal average cost with respect to the empirical distribution of the given sequence. Moreover, we show that, for a given nonstationary source, the optimal cost attainable by the blockwise encoders is equal to the supremum of the optimal average cost over all the stationary sources in the stationary hull of the given source. In addition, we show that the universal lossy coding algorithm based on Lempel-Ziv 78 code attains the optimal cost for any individual sequence and any nonstationary source.
    Download PDF (2024K)
  • Jian ZHANG, Sei-ichiro KAMATA
    Type: PAPER
    Subject area: Image
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 846-858
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: March 01, 2010
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    The N-dimensional (N-D) Hilbert curve is a one-to-one mapping between N-D space and one-dimensional (1-D) space. It is studied actively in the area of digital image processing as a scan technique (Hilbert scan) because of its property of preserving the spatial relationship of the N-D patterns. Currently there exist several Hilbert scan algorithms. However, these algorithms have two strict restrictions in implementation. First, recursive functions are used to generate a Hilbert curve, which makes the algorithms complex and computationally expensive. Second, all the sides of the scanned region must have the same size and the length must be a power of two, which limits the application of the Hilbert scan greatly. Thus in order to remove these constraints and improve the Hilbert scan for general application, a nonrecursive N-D Pseudo-Hilbert scan algorithm based on two look-up tables is proposed in this paper. The merit of the proposed algorithm is that implementation is much easier than the original one while preserving the original characteristics. The experimental results indicate that the Pseudo-Hilbert scan can preserve point neighborhoods as much as possible and take advantage of the high correlation between neigh-boring lattice points, and it also shows the competitive performance of the Pseudo-Hilbert scan in comparison with other common scan techniques. We believe that this novel scan technique undoubtedly leads to many new applications in those areas can benefit from reducing the dimensionality of the problem.
    Download PDF (4498K)
  • Masayuki SHIMIZU, Makoto NAKASHIZUKA, Youji IIGUNI
    Type: PAPER
    Subject area: Image
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 859-867
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: March 01, 2010
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    In this paper, we propose an image enlargement method by using morphological operators. Our enlargement method is based on the nonlinear frequency extrapolation method (Greenspan et al., 2000) by using a Laplacian pyramid image representation. In this method, the sampling process of input images is modeled as the Laplacian pyramid. A high resolution image is obtained with the finer scale Laplacian that is extrapolated by a nonlinear operation from a low resolution Laplacian. In this paper, we propose a novel nonlinear operation for extrapolation of the finer scale Laplacian. Our nonlinear operation is realized by morphological operators and is capable of generating the finer scale Laplacian, the amplitude of which is proportional to contrasts of edges that appear in the low resolution image. In experiments, the enlargement results given by the proposed method are demonstrated. Compared with the Greenspan's method, the proposed method can recover sharp intensity transients of image edges with small artifacts.
    Download PDF (6056K)
  • Keiichi FUNAKI, Tatsuhiko KINJO
    Type: LETTER
    Subject area: Digital Signal Processing
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 868-871
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: March 01, 2010
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    Complex speech analysis for an analytic speech signal can accurately estimate the spectrum in low frequencies since the analytic signal provides spectrum only over positive frequencies. The remarkable feature makes it possible to realize more accurate F0 estimation using complex residual signal extracted by complex-valued speech analysis. We have already proposed F0 estimation using complex LPC residual, in which the autocorrelation function weighted by AMDF was adopted as the criterion. The method adopted MMSE-based complex LPC analysis and it has been reported that it can estimate more accurate F0 for IRS filtered speech corrupted by white Gauss noise although it can not work better for the IRS filtered speech corrupted by pink noise. In this paper, robust complex speech analysis based on ELS (Extended Least Square) method is introduced in order to overcome the drawback. The experimental results for additive white Gauss or pink noise demonstrate that the proposed algorithm based on robust ELS-based complex AR analysis can perform better than other methods.
    Download PDF (1381K)
  • Thomas PITSCHEL, Hing-Cheung SO, Jun ZHENG
    Type: LETTER
    Subject area: Digital Signal Processing
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 872-874
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: March 01, 2010
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    A new adaptive filter algorithm based on the linear prediction property of sinusoidal signals is proposed for unbiased estimation of the frequency of a real tone in white noise. Similar to the least mean square algorithm, the estimator is computationally simple and it provides unbiased as well as direct frequency measurements. Learning behavior and variance of the estimated frequency are derived and confirmed by computer simulations.
    Download PDF (892K)
  • Kenneth Wing-Kin LUI, Hing-Cheung SO
    Type: LETTER
    Subject area: Digital Signal Processing
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 875-878
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: March 01, 2010
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    By utilizing the second and fourth order linear prediction errors, a novel estimator for a single noisy sinusoid is devised. The frequency estimate is obtained from a solving a cubic equation and a simple root selection procedure is provided. Asymptotical variance of the estimated frequency is derived and confirmed by computer simulations. It is demonstrated that the proposed estimator is superior to the reformed Pisarenko harmonic decomposer, which is the improved version of Pisarenko harmonic decomposer.
    Download PDF (569K)
  • ChoonKi AHN, SooHee HAN
    Type: LETTER
    Subject area: Systems and Control
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 879-882
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: March 01, 2010
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    This letter presents new delayed perturbation bounds (DPBs)for stabilizing receding horizon H control (RHHC). The linear matrix inequality (LMI) approach to determination of DPBs for the RHHC is proposed. We show through a numerical example that the RHHC can guarantee an H norm bound for a larger class of systems with delayed perturbations than conventional infinite horizon H control (IHHC).
    Download PDF (530K)
  • Cheol Jae PARK, I Cheol HWANG
    Type: LETTER
    Subject area: Systems and Control
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 883-886
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: March 01, 2010
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    We propose a stability-guaranteed width control (SGWC) for the hot strip finishing mill. It is shown that the proposed SGWC guarantees the stability of the width controller by the universal approximation of the neural network. It is shown through the field test in the hot strip mill of POSCO that the stability of the width controller is guaranteed by the proposed control scheme.
    Download PDF (1365K)
  • Masaki KOBAYASHI
    Type: LETTER
    Subject area: Nonlinear Problems
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 887-890
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: March 01, 2010
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    Learning for boltzmann machines deals with each state individually. If given data is categorized, the probabilities have to be distributed to each state, not to each catetory. We propose boltzmann machines identifying the states in the same categories. Boltzmann machines with hidden units are the special cases. Boltzmann learning and em algorithm are effective learning methods for boltzmann machines. We solve boltzmann learning and em algorithm for the proposed models.
    Download PDF (466K)
  • Toshimitsu OHTANI, Toshimichi SAITO
    Type: LETTER
    Subject area: Nonlinear Problems
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 891-894
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: March 01, 2010
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    This paper studies a spiking neuron circuit with triangular base signal. The circuit can output rich spike-trains and the dynamics can be analyzed using a one-dimensional piecewise linear map. This system exhibits period doubling bifurcation, tangent bifurcation, super-stable periodic orbit bifurcation and so on. These phenomena can be characterized based on the inter-spike intervals. Using the maps, we can analyze the phenomena precisely. By presenting a simple test circuit, typical phenomena are confirmed experimentally.
    Download PDF (695K)
  • Seong-Ook JUNG, Sei-Seung YOON
    Type: LETTER
    Subject area: VLSI Design Technology and CAD
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 895-898
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: March 01, 2010
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    This letter presents a race-free mixed serial-parallel comparison (RFMSPC) scheme which uses both serial and parallel CAMs in a match line. A self-reset search line scheme for the serial CAM is proposed to avoid the timing race problem and additional timing penalties. Various 32 entry CAMs are designed using 90nm 1.2V CMOS process to verify the proposed RFMSPC scheme. It shows that the RFMSPC saves power consumption by 40%, 53% and 63% at the cost of a 4%, 6% and 16% increase in search time according to 1, 2, and 4 serial CAM bits in a match line.
    Download PDF (2257K)
  • Oscar GUSTAFSSON
    Type: LETTER
    Subject area: VLSI Design Technology and CAD
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 899-900
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: March 01, 2010
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    In this comment we point out that the mapping from carry-propagation adders to carry-save adders in the context of shift-and-add multiplication is inconsistent. Based on this it is shown that the implementation in Ref. [1] does not achieve any complexity reduction in practice.
    Download PDF (293K)
  • Moon Ho LEE, Yuri L. BORISSOV
    Type: LETTER
    Subject area: Coding Theory
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 901-904
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: March 01, 2010
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    We propose a fast decoding algorithm for the p-ary first-order Reed-Muller code guaranteeing correction of up to [n/4sin(p-1/2pπ)] errors and having complexity proportional to nlogn, where n=pm is the code length and p is an odd prime. This algorithm is an extension in the complex domain of the fast Hadamard transform decoding algorithm applicable to the binary case.
    Download PDF (664K)
  • Jeong Hwan SHIN, Jun HEO, Seokho YOON, Sun Young KIM
    Type: LETTER
    Subject area: Communication Theory and Signals
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 905-908
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: March 01, 2010
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    This paper presents an interference cancellation and multipath mitigation algorithm for use in Global Positioning System (GPS) with an array antenna. It is shown that interference signals and multipath signals are effectively suppressed using a serial subspace projection method without any knowledge of the incoming directional information. After the subspace projections, a beamformer is used to maximize the SNR of the received signal. The enhancement in the performance is presented in terms of the cross correlation value and beam patterns.
    Download PDF (684K)
  • Dayan Adionel GUIMARÃES
    Type: LETTER
    Subject area: Communication Theory and Signals
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 909-910
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: March 01, 2010
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    In this letter, a simple binary Fast Frequency Shift Keying (FFSK) modulator and its coherent demodulator is proposed. The performance of the proposed modem is in between a coherently detected and a non-coherently detected binary FSK, but its bandwidth requirement is the same as for the Minimum Shift Keying (MSK) modulation.
    Download PDF (317K)
  • Chuang LIN, Jeng-Shyang PAN, Chia-An HUANG
    Type: LETTER
    Subject area: Image
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 911-915
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: March 01, 2010
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    The letter proposes a novel subsampling-based digital image watermarking scheme resisting the permutation attack. The subsampling-based watermarking schemes have drawn great attention for their convenience and effectiveness in recent years, but the traditional subsampling-based watermarking schemes are very vulnerable to the permutation attack. In this letter, the watermark information is embedded in the average values of the 1-level DWT coefficients to resist the permutation attack. The concrete embedding process is achieved by the quantization-based method. Experimental results show that the proposed scheme can resist not only the permutation attack but also some common image processing attacks.
    Download PDF (2366K)
  • Yalan YE, Zhi-Lin ZHANG, Jia CHEN
    Type: LETTER
    Subject area: Neural Networks and Bioengineering
    2008 Volume E91.A Issue 3 Pages 916-920
    Published: March 01, 2008
    Released: March 01, 2010
    JOURNALS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    Fetal electrocardiogram (FECG) extraction is of vital importance in biomedical signal processing. A promising approach is blind source extraction (BSE) emerging from the neural network fields, which is generally implemented in a semi-blind way. In this paper, we propose a robust extraction algorithm that can extract the clear FECG as the first extracted signal. The algorithm exploits the fact that the FECG signal's kurtosis value lies in a specific range, while the kurtosis values of other unwanted signals do not belong to this range. Moreover, the algorithm is very robust to outliers and its robustness is theoretically analyzed and is confirmed by simulation. In addition, the algorithm can work well in some adverse situations when the kurtosis values of some source signals are very close to each other. The above reasons mean that the algorithm is an appealing method which obtains an accurate and reliable FECG.
    Download PDF (899K)
feedback
Top