Due to the reuse factor reduction, the attendant increase in co-channel interference (CCI) becomes the limiting factor in the performance of the orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) based cellular systems. In the previous work, we proposed the least mean square-blind joint maximum likelihood sequence estimation (LMS-BJMLSE) algorithm, which is effective for CCI cancellation in OFDM systems with only one receive antenna. However, LMS-BJMLSE requires a long training sequence (TS) for channel estimation, which reduces the transmission efficiency. In this paper, we propose a subcarrier identification and interpolation algorithm, in which the subcarriers are divided into groups based on the coherence bandwidth, and the slowest converging subcarrier in each group is identified by exploiting the correlation between the mean-square error (MSE) produced by LMS and the mean-square deviation (MSD) of the desired channel estimate. The identified poor channel estimate is replaced by the interpolation result using the adjacent subcarriers' channel estimates. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm can reduce the required training sequence dramatically for both the cases of single interference and dual interference. We also generalize LMS-BJMLSE from single antenna to receiver diversity, which is shown to provide a huge improvement.
We find necessary and sufficient conditions for the (shifted) oversampling expansions to hold in wavelet subspaces. In particular, we characterize scaling functions with the (shifted) oversampling property. We also obtain L2 and L∞ norm estimates for the truncation and aliasing errors of the oversampling expansion.
In this paper, we propose a robust state estimation method using a particle filter (PF) for a class of nonlinear systems which have stochastic parameter uncertainties. A robust PF was designed using prediction and correction structure. The proposed PF draws particles from a simple proposal density function and corrects the particles with particle-wise correction gains. We present a method to obtain an error variance of each particle and its upper bound, which is minimized to determine the correction gain. The proposed method is less restrictive on system nonlinearities and noise statistics; moreover, it can be applied regardless of system stability. The effectiveness of the proposed robust PF is illustrated via an example based on Chua's circuit.
Gate delay evaluation is always a vital concern for high-performance digital VLSI designs. As the feature size of VLSIs decreases to the nano-meter region, the work to obtain an accurate gate delay value becomes more difficult and time consuming than ever. The conventional methods usually use iterative algorithms to ensure the accuracy of the effective capacitance Ceff, which is usually used to compute the gate delay with interconnect loads and to capture the output signal shape of the real gate response. Accordingly, the efficiency is sacrificed. In this paper, an accurate and efficient approach is proposed for gate delay estimation. With the linear relationship of gate output time points and Ceff, a polynomial approximation is used to make the nonlinear effective capacitance equation be solved without iterative method. Compared to the conventional methods, the proposed method improves the efficiency of gate delay calculation. Meanwhile, experimental results show that the proposed method is in good agreement with SPICE results and the average error is 2.8%.
In this paper, we propose a memory-efficient structure for a pulse Doppler radar in order to reduce the hardware's complexity. The conventional pulse Doppler radar is computed by fast frequency transform (FFT) of all range cells in order to extract the velocity of targets. We observed that this method requires a huge amount of memory to perform the FFT processes for all of the range cells. Therefore, instead of detecting the velocity of all range cells, the proposed architecture extracts the velocity of the targets by using the cells related to the moving targets. According to our simulations and experiments, the detection performance of this proposed architecture is 93.5%, and the proposed structure can reduce the hardware's complexity by up to 66.2% compared with the conventional structure.
Let p be an odd prime number. We define a family of quaternary sequences of period 2p using generalized cyclotomic classes over the residue class ring modulo 2p. We compute exact values of the linear complexity, which are larger than half of the period. Such sequences are ‘good’ enough from the viewpoint of linear complexity.