IEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences
Online ISSN : 1745-1337
Print ISSN : 0916-8508
Volume E98.A , Issue 5
Showing 1-12 articles out of 12 articles from the selected issue
Regular Section
  • Kazuhito ITO
    Type: PAPER
    Subject area: VLSI Design Technology and CAD
    2015 Volume E98.A Issue 5 Pages 1058-1066
    Published: May 01, 2015
    Released: May 01, 2015
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    Syndrome key equation solution is one of the important processes in the decoding of Reed-Solomon codes. This paper proposes a low power key equation solver (KES) architecture where the power consumption is reduced by decreasing the required number of multiplications without degrading the decoding throughput and latency. The proposed method employs smaller number of multipliers than a conventional low power KES architecture. The critical path in the proposed KES circuit is minimized so that the operation at a high clock frequency is possible. A low power folded KES architecture is also proposed to further reduce the hardware complexity by executing folded operations in a pipelined manner with a slight increase in decoding latency.
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  • Yuichi TANJI
    Type: PAPER
    Subject area: VLSI Design Technology and CAD
    2015 Volume E98.A Issue 5 Pages 1067-1076
    Published: May 01, 2015
    Released: May 01, 2015
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    Fast simulation techniques of large scale RLC networks with nonlinear devices are presented. Generally, when scale of nonlinear part in a circuit is much less than the linear part, matrix or circuit partitioning approach is known to be efficient. In this paper, these partitioning techniques are used for the conventional transient analysis using an implicit numerical integration and the circuit-based finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method, whose efficiency and accuracy are evaluated developing a prototype simulator. It is confirmed that the matrix and circuit partitioning approaches do not degrade accuracy of the transient simulations that is compatible to SPICE, and that the circuit partitioning approach is superior to the matrix one in efficiency. Moreover, it is demonstrated that the circuit-based FDTD method can be efficiently combined with the matrix or circuit partitioning approach, compared with the transient analysis using an implicit numerical integration.
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  • Yosuke AIZU, Tetsushi YUGE, Shigeru YANAGI
    Type: PAPER
    Subject area: Reliability, Maintainability and Safety Analysis
    2015 Volume E98.A Issue 5 Pages 1077-1084
    Published: May 01, 2015
    Released: May 01, 2015
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    We propose a reality-based model of a two-echelon repair system with “priority resupply” and present a method for analyzing the availability of the system operated in each base. The two echelon repair system considered in our model consists of one repair station, called depot, and several bases. In each base, n items which constitute a k-out-of-n: G system, called k/n system, are operated. Each item has two failure modes, failures repaired at a base (level 1) and failures repaired at the depot (level 2). When a level 2 failure occurs in a base, either a normal order or an emergency order of a spare item is issued depending on the number of operating items in the base. The spare item in the depot is sent preferentially to the base where the emergency order is placed. We propose two models, both including priority resupply. Firstly, we propose an approximation method for analyzing the basic model where a k/n system is operated in a base. Using a simulation method, we verify the accuracy of our approximation method. Secondly, we expand the basic model to a dual k/n system where the items of the system are interchangeable between two k/n systems in the case of an emergency, which is called “cannibalization”. Then, we show a numerical example and discuss the optimal timing for placing an emergency order.
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  • Haiming WANG, Rui XU, Mingkai TANG, Wei HONG
    Type: PAPER
    Subject area: Information Theory
    2015 Volume E98.A Issue 5 Pages 1085-1094
    Published: May 01, 2015
    Released: May 01, 2015
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    The capacity maximization of line-of-sight (LoS) two-input and multiple-output (TIMO) channels in indoor environments is investigated in this paper. The 3×2 TIMO channel is mainly studied. First, the capacity fluctuation number (CFN) which reflects the variation of channel capacity is proposed. Then, the expression of the average capacity against the CFN is derived. The CFN is used as a criterion for optimization of the capacity by changing inter-element spacings of transmit and receive antenna arrays. Next, the capacity sensitivity of the 3×2 TIMO channel to the orientation and the frequency variation is studied and compared with those of 2×2 and 4×2 TIMO channels. A small capacity sensitivity of the 3×2 TIMO channel is achieved and verified by both simulation and measurement results. Furthermore, the CFN can also be used as a criterion for optimization of average capacity and the proposed optimization method is validated through numerical results.
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  • Shigenori KINJO, Shuichi OHNO
    Type: PAPER
    Subject area: Communication Theory and Signals
    2015 Volume E98.A Issue 5 Pages 1095-1104
    Published: May 01, 2015
    Released: May 01, 2015
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    In this paper, we propose a zero-forcing (ZF) Tomlinson-Harashima precoding (THP) with substream permutations based on the bit rate maximization for single-user MIMO (SU-MIMO) systems. We study the effect of substream permutations on the ZF-THP SU-MIMO systems, when the mean squared error (MSE) and the bit rate are adopted for the selection of the permutation matrix as criteria. Based on our analysis, we propose a method to increase the bit rate by substream permutations, and derive QR and Cholesky decomposition-based algorithms which realize the proposed method. Furthermore, to improve the error rate performance, we apply zero transmission to subchannels with low signal-to-noise ratios. Numerical examples are provided to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed THP MIMO system.
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  • Peachanika THAMMAKAROON, Poj TANGAMCHIT
    Type: PAPER
    Subject area: Intelligent Transport System
    2015 Volume E98.A Issue 5 Pages 1105-1113
    Published: May 01, 2015
    Released: May 01, 2015
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    We propose a systematic method for improving the response time of forward collision warning (FCW) on vehicles. First, a performance metric, called the warning lag time, is introduced. We use the warning lag time because its measurement is practical in real driving situations. Next, we discuss two ideas to improve this warning lag time, vertical and horizontal methods. The vertical method gives an additional warning, derived from the cause of a car crash, to a normal FCW system. The experiment showed that it can improve the warning lag time by an average of 0.31sec. compared with a traditional FCW system. The horizontal method uses distributed sensing among vehicles, which helps the vehicle see farther. It can also improve the warning lag time by an average of 1.08sec. compared with a single vehicle FCW.
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  • Jun ZHANG, Jinglu HU
    Type: PAPER
    Subject area: Image
    2015 Volume E98.A Issue 5 Pages 1114-1121
    Published: May 01, 2015
    Released: May 01, 2015
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    A renal biopsy is a procedure to get a small piece of kidney for microscopic examination. With the development of tissue sectioning and medical imaging techniques, microscope renal biopsy image sequences are consequently obtained for computer-aided diagnosis. This paper proposes a new context-based segmentation algorithm for acquired image sequence, in which an improved genetic algorithm (GA) patching method is developed to segment different size target. To guarantee the correctness of first image segmentation and facilitate the use of context information, a boundary fusion operation and a simplified scale-invariant feature transform (SIFT)-based registration are presented respectively. The experimental results show the proposed segmentation algorithm is effective and accurate for renal biopsy image sequence.
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  • Chenlin HU, Jin Young KIM, Seung Ho CHOI, Chang Joo KIM
    Type: LETTER
    Subject area: Digital Signal Processing
    2015 Volume E98.A Issue 5 Pages 1122-1125
    Published: May 01, 2015
    Released: May 01, 2015
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    Tonal signals are shown as spectral peaks in the frequency domain. When the number of spectral peaks is small and the spectral signal is sparse, Compressive Sensing (CS) can be adopted to locate the peaks with a low-cost sensing system. In the CS scheme, a time domain signal is modelled as $\boldsymbol{y}=\bPhi F^{-1}\boldsymbol{s}$, where y and s are signal vectors in the time and frequency domains. In addition, F-1 and $\bPhi$ are an inverse DFT matrix and a random-sampling matrix, respectively. For a given y and $\bPhi$, the CS method attempts to estimate s with l0 or l1 optimization. To generate the peak candidates, we adopt the frequency-domain information of $\resmile{\boldsymbol{s}}$ = $\boldsymbol{F}\resmile{\boldsymbol{y}}$, where $\resmile{y}$ is the extended version of y and $\resmile{\boldsymbol{y}}\left(\boldsymbol{n}\right)$ is zero when n is not elements of CS time instances. In this paper, we develop Gaussian statistics of $\resmile{\boldsymbol{s}}$. That is, the variance and the mean values of $\resmile{\boldsymbol{s}}\left(\boldsymbol{k}\right)$ are examined.
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  • Chun-Hung CHEN, Yuan-Liang TANG, Wen-Shyong HSIEH
    Type: LETTER
    Subject area: Cryptography and Information Security
    2015 Volume E98.A Issue 5 Pages 1126-1129
    Published: May 01, 2015
    Released: May 01, 2015
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    In this letter, we present an authentication and recovery scheme to protect images. The image blocks are DCT transformed and then encoded with different patterns. An optimal selection is adopted to find the best pattern for each block which results in better image quality. Both the recovery and check data are embedded for data protection. The experimental results demonstrate that our method is able to identify and localize regions having been tampered with. Furthermore, good image quality for both watermarked and recovered images are effectively preserved.
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  • Jianzhang CHEN, Jianping LI, Yuanyuan HUANG
    Type: LETTER
    Subject area: Coding Theory
    2015 Volume E98.A Issue 5 Pages 1130-1135
    Published: May 01, 2015
    Released: May 01, 2015
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    Nonprimitive non-narrow-sense BCH codes have been studied by many scholars. In this paper, we utilize nonprimitive non-narrow-sense BCH codes to construct a family of asymmetric quantum codes and two families of quantum convolutional codes. Most quantum codes constructed in this paper are different from the ones in the literature. Moreover, some quantum codes constructed in this paper have good parameters compared with the ones in the literature.
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  • Sunzeng CAI, Saijie YAO, Kai KANG, Zhengming ZHANG, Hua QIAN
    Type: LETTER
    Subject area: Communication Theory and Signals
    2015 Volume E98.A Issue 5 Pages 1136-1139
    Published: May 01, 2015
    Released: May 01, 2015
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    In a wireless communication system, the nonlinearity of the power amplifier (PA) in the transmitter is a limiting factor of the system performance. To achieve high efficiency, the PA input signal is driven into the nonlinear region. Signals with large peak-to-power ratio (PAPR) suffer uneven distortion where large signals receive additional distortion. Orthogonal linear transformations, such as orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) modulation, spread the nonlinear distortion evenly to each data symbol, thus improving the system performance. In this paper, we provide theoretical analysis on the benefit of orthogonal linear transform for a memoryless nonlinear communication system. We show that the multicarrier system based on orthogonal linear transform performs better than the single carrier system in the presence of nonlinearity. Simulation results validate the theoretical analysis.
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  • Hong LIU, Yang YANG, Xiumei YANG, Zhengmin ZHANG
    Type: LETTER
    Subject area: Mobile Information Network and Personal Communications
    2015 Volume E98.A Issue 5 Pages 1140-1143
    Published: May 01, 2015
    Released: May 01, 2015
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    Small cell networks have been promoted as an enabling solution to enhance indoor coverage and improve spectral efficiency. Users usually deploy small cells on-demand and pay no attention to global profile in residential areas or offices. The reduction of cell radius leads to dense deployment which brings intractable computation complexity for resource allocation. In this paper, we develop a semi-distributed resource allocation algorithm by dividing small cell networks into clusters with limited inter-cluster interference and selecting a reference cluster for interference estimation to reduce the coordination degree. Numerical results show that the proposed algorithm can maintain similar system performance while having low complexity and reduced information exchange overheads.
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