The purpose of this study was to clarify feelings of self-disgust and developmental changes during adolescence. Five hundred and seventy-one adolescents described their feelings of self-disgust, and from their responses, one hundred and fourteen items questionnaire were constructed. One thousand and six hundred eighty-two adolescents, including junior, senior high school students, and university students completed this questionnaire. From the results of the factor analysis, eight factors were identified as elements of feeling of self-disgust. INDSCAL was conducted using seven variables out of eight factors and one variable which is the main constituent of self-disgust, from another factor analysis. As a result, three dimensions were found. It is suggested that feelings of self-disgust during adolescence change from the state of escape from self-recognition to self-confrontation, from the state of self-recognition in imagination to reality, as they grow older.
This study examined the structure of communications in late adolescent and their parents relationships, from a point of view of the individuation model which was proposed by Condon, Cooper, and Grotevant (1984). Thirty Japanese families (including undergraduate students and their both parents) participated in Family Interaction Task used to measure family individuation. The first 300 utterances (communication behaviors) of each family were coded into 14 categories. The frequencies of utterances in each category were submitted to ANOVA to assess the differences of communication behaviors among family member. As a result, adolescents expressed utterances indicative of connectedness (acknowledgememt, agrees with/accepts/incorporates other's ideas, requests information/validation, and states other's feeling/mindreads/dictates feeling) much more than their father significantly. In the next step of analysis, the data (11 categories except for 3 categories) were submitted to factor analysis using principal component solution with varimax rotation. This analysis showed the structure consisted of 3 components (permeability, self-expression, and separation).
If possible to say, that the previous thesis "Structure of question" is to point out in a sense the body frame concerning the basic problem of methodology, then the following main thesis has the intention to give the concrete theme "body and substance". Questions that embraces the researcher are controlled by objective (effective) consciousness, here we put the emphasize on research type, educational type, clinical type, and ecological type. As an example we observed the love in the Adolescence period by throwing questions from all angles, that include 7 levels (Pattern I). Furthermore, from the viewpoint Pattern III, we examined it one by one, especially poising "Questions" from the view of Diffusion of identity. Naturally the posed "Questions" here is, besides occupational selection, parent-child relation and awareness of the roles of sexes, similar analysis and examinations are making progress in many fields of Questions. In this way, the Psychology of Adolescence would be expected to become gradually more holistic and systematic.