日本ハンセン病学会雑誌
Online ISSN : 1884-314X
Print ISSN : 1342-3681
ISSN-L : 1342-3681
70 巻 , 1 号
選択された号の論文の4件中1~4を表示しています
  • 杉田 泰之
    2001 年 70 巻 1 号 p. 3-13
    発行日: 2001年
    公開日: 2007/11/30
    ジャーナル フリー
    Polymerase chain reaction(PCR)によるMycobacterium lepraeの遺伝子の検出は、従来の抗酸菌染色では検出できない少量の菌を高感度に検出することを可能にした。ハンセン病の診断にはM.lepraeの検出が決定的な診断根拠となるため、PCRの利用によって簡便かつ正確に診断することが可能になると期待される。横浜市立大学医学部皮膚科学教室では、M.lepraeを検出するためのPCRを独自に設定し、多くの医療施設から検査依頼を受けている。ハンセン病におけるPCRについて解説するとともに、理論的な特徴、利用する際の具体的な注意点等を述べ、1994年から2000年までの7年間に当教室で行った59例の検査の結果を示した。
  • D. O Santos, S. L Santos, D Esquenazi, J. A Nery, M Defruyt, K Lorr&ea ...
    2001 年 70 巻 1 号 p. 15-24
    発行日: 2001年
    公開日: 2007/11/30
    ジャーナル フリー
    The cell activation depends on T cell antigen receptor binding to antigen plus MHC and costimulation. The binding of CD28, expressed on the T cell surface to B7 (B7-1 or CD80 / B7-2 or CD86) present on the antigen-presenting cells (APCs), determines, in several T cell function models, if activation or anergy follows antigenic stimulation. In leprosy, the role of CD80 and CD86 as costimulatory signal in M. leprae-specific cellular immunity has not yet been defined. We investigated the role of B7-CD28 pathway of T cell activation in the in vitro response to M. leprae, following stimulation in the presence of monocytes or dendritic cells (DCs) as APCs.
    Monocytes were purified, by cold aggregation, from peripheral blood mononuclear leukocytes (PBMC), isolated from leprosy patients. In order to obtain DCs, the monocytes were cultured in the presence of IL-4 and GM-CSF. T cells were purified from PBMC by negative selection with mABs and C'. The phenotype of the cell populations was monitored by FACS. Lymphoproliferative assays were performed with T cells, in the presence of monocytes or DCs. The cells were stimulated by M. leprae in the presence of anti- CD80 antibody (Ab) and/or anti- CD86 antibody (Ab) (Innogenetics). In some experiments Il-10, Il-12 and anti-Il-12 Ab were also added to the culture.
    We observed a significantly more efficient APC function for DCs when compared to monocytes in T cell in vitro responses to M. leprae. Regardless of the clinical form of Leprosy, the M. leprae-specific immune response was markedly reduced in the presence of anti- CD86 Ab. Il-12 increase the immune response to M. leprae while IL-10 or anti-IL-12 Ab reduce this response when monocytes or DCs were used as APCs.
  • Bhairab Chandra Mandal
    2001 年 70 巻 1 号 p. 25-29
    発行日: 2001年
    公開日: 2007/11/30
    ジャーナル フリー
    Leprosy, which was known to ancient India as “Kustha Roga” is thought to be its origin from India also. It is, still, a major public health problem in India affecting many people every year. India is, now, having maximum numbers of leprosy cases worldwide and accounts for 67% of total prevalence and 73% of total new case detection. Huge numbers of new cases have been detected in recent years (Last year new cases were 782501) because of adoption of new strategy, Modified Leprosy Elimination compaign (MLEC), and effective health education campaign. Presently, 70% of the total new caseloads of India are from five most heavily infected states. There is significant improvement in the overall situation as is evident from steady decline of prevalence rate from 38.6 cases per 10, 000 population in 1985 to 5.0 per 10, 000 in 1999.
  • Abul Quashem
    2001 年 70 巻 1 号 p. 31-35
    発行日: 2001年
    公開日: 2007/11/30
    ジャーナル フリー
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