New transportation system (People Mover) has been regarded as one of the most attractive topics in recent urban and regional development. This article is the study on the plan of constructing High Speed Surface Transportation (HSST), as a new magnetic levitation type of transit, in Shiga Prefecture. To plan a new transit in local area needs comprehensive consideration, not only from technical and financial aspects, but also from its social influence. The study tries to explore the relationship among people, transportation and related facilities from social psychological aspect and communication with residents to make efficient and effective planning. It tests the fit of the theory of planned behavior (TPB) by applying the Structure Equation Model (SEM) with the information from the residents in Otsu and Kusatsu City. Perceived behavior control, as a component of TPB, is found to be closely related to the intention. Therefore, the desired facility can help increase the acceptance greatly. The plan of constructing public sports center nearby one station of the new line is discussed together by optimizing the utility function. Regarding these, the article also considers the possible application of the hybrid planning system. This study can be a meaningful experiment of introducing some psychological theory intotransportation planning.
This paper provides an attempt to incorporate the new approach to social and environmental considerations in Japan's overseas development assistance projects. It is based on work carried out in the course of the feasibility study on the construction of the Padma Bridge in the People's Republic of Bangladesh. The framework is intended to provide a comprehensive view of the issues associated with social impact assessment for large infrastructure projects such as the proposed Padma Bridge, yet flexible enough for adaptation to the needs of other similar projects for managing impact assessment. The paper also contains results of the preliminary engineering designs with regard to acquisition of land and other assets, including displacement and relocation of the affected households. An estimated 3, 150 households will be displaced due to the construction of the bridge and associated facilities. In addition, 5, 000 households will be affected by loss of agricultural land. The framework and guidelines established an entitlement matrix designed to cover compensation for lost assets and restore or enhance the livelihoods of all categories of affected people. The impact assessment was integrated into the planning and design processes. As a result, the discussion of the key dimensions of the framework, including the approach and methodology of the study, focused on interpreting the results and eliciting lessons learned during the process.
In China, public services have been delivered to citizens at low prices and subsidized by government to a great extent since 1949.Government directly invested, constructed and operated public infrastructure. However, the single source of government investment could not satisfy the increasing demand on infrastructure projects.Moreover, the direct government investment and management of public utilities resulted in poor construction performance.In addition, the monopolistic operation of state-owned companies caused low operation efficiency, striking resources waste, and heavy fiscal burden due to the lack of specific obligation division between government and state company. From 1994, the Chinese government began to attract foreign companies to participate in the investment, construction and operation of infrastructure projects mainly through BOT method.Since the China's entry into the WTO, the domestic private companies have been encouraged to invest and operate infrastructure projects, too.However, many privately financed infrastructure projects still encountered difficulty originated from excessive or inadequate government obligation. The proper obligation division between government and private company becomes the key issue in infrastructure project planning.The authors aim to propose a proper project planning model which shall fit all kinds of infrastructure projects with various fund origins.The proposed planning model shall include a comprehensive planning framework and a six-step planning process.In particular, the financial indicator, i.e.self-reimbursement ratio is introduced for correct appraisal of project feasibility and proper obligation division between government and project company.
Japan's official development assistance (ODA) has been providing the major resources for socio-economic development in many developing countries. Japan's contribution in hard infrastructure development has been dominating other soft development like human resources and technology development in recipient countries. Recipient countries especially low-income developing countries are ever dependent on developed countries for human resources and technology for their domestic infrastructure development. In addition, the insulated project execution system of the Japanese grant aid projccts has influenced the international competitiveness of Japanese contractors and consultants to expand overseas business. The new scheme developed in this study, based on the Nepalese and Cambodian contexts, integrates the perspectives of recipients as well as donors. Strengthening universities and technology development system in developing countries, and using alternative project delivery system in ODA project execution have been recommended to address recipients' as well as donors' industries issues and to improve the efficiency and efficacy of ODA. The new ODA scheme has been started to implement in Cambodia and it has enabled to produce a new product for Cambodian rehabilitation.