Journal of Neuroendovascular Therapy
Online ISSN : 2186-2494
Print ISSN : 1882-4072
ISSN-L : 1882-4072
17 巻, 9 号
Review Article
  • Yuki Ebisudani, Kenji Sugiu, Satoshi Murai, Jun Haruma, Masafumi Hiram ...
    2023 年 17 巻 9 号 p. 181-187
    発行日: 2023年
    公開日: 2023/09/20
    [早期公開] 公開日: 2023/07/21
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス

    Objective: Simulation training has focused on education and practical training. However, the adoption rate of neurointerventional simulation training in Japan is unknown. Therefore, we sent a questionnaire survey form to consulting specialists from the Japanese Society for Neuroendovascular Therapy (JSNET) to clarify the actual simulation training situation and compare the differences between university hospitals and general hospitals in Japan.

    Methods: The questionnaire survey was conducted in 243 neurosurgical training facilities that had JSNET consulting specialists between May 31, 2021 and July 31, 2021. The questionnaire survey forms were distributed by Google Forms.

    Results: A total of 162 facilities responded to the survey (response rate: 66.7%; 35.2% from university hospitals and 64.8% from general hospitals). The adoption rate for simulation training was 53.7%, and it was significantly higher in the university hospitals than in the general hospitals (64.9% vs. 47.6%, p = 0.035). On the simulation effectiveness survey, more than 80% of respondents answered that the simulation training was a useful tool for upskill training. The open-ended question on interventional simulation training showed that there are limiting factors such as financial constraints. Additionally, respondents expressed a desire for a standard neurointerventional simulation training and education program.

    Conclusion: The adoption rate for simulation training was 53.7% in the training facilities of JSNET, and it was higher in the university hospitals than in the general hospitals. Most of the respondents answered that simulation training is an effective tool to improve neurointerventional skills. They also requested the establishment of simulation training programs and simulation tools.

Original Articles
  • Yusuke Ebiko, Hikaru Wakabayashi, Tomoaki Okada, Tatsuya Mizoue, Shini ...
    2023 年 17 巻 9 号 p. 188-195
    発行日: 2023年
    公開日: 2023/09/20
    [早期公開] 公開日: 2023/07/19
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス

    Objective: Image evaluation after stent-assisted coil embolization (SAC) for a cerebral aneurysm is difficult with conventional MRA or CTA because of metal artifacts. Pointwise encoding time reduction with radial acquisition (PETRA)-MRA is a noninvasive imaging examination that can reduce metal artifacts. This study aimed to examine whether PETRA-MRA can be used as a follow-up imaging after SAC.

    Methods: Twelve patients (eight women and four men; mean age, 66.9 ± 13.2 years) underwent SAC for unruptured aneurysms and were retrospectively evaluated using time-of-flight (TOF)- and PETRA-MRA data from the same follow-up session. Two neurosurgeons independently compared the aneurysm occlusion status and flow visualization score in the stented parent artery (4-point scale, where 4 points represented excellent visualization) between TOF- and PETRA-MRA images. If DSA was performed within 3 months before or after PETRA-MRA, the aneurysm assessment was compared between MRA and DSA. The interobserver agreement for each MRA was evaluated.

    Results: Nine of the 12 patients underwent DSA within 3 months before and after TOF- and PETRA-MRA. The aneurysm occlusion status on DSA was more consistent with PETRA-MRA (eight of nine cases) than with TOF-MRA (one of nine cases; P = 0.023). The median visualization score of the stented parent artery was significantly higher for PETRA-MRA (4 [interquartile range {IQR} 3–4]) than for TOF-MRA (1 [IQR 1–1], P = 0.003). The interobserver agreement for evaluation of the aneurysm occlusion status and visualization score of the parent artery for PETRA-MRA were excellent (κ = 0.98 and 0.93, respectively). In one case, PETRA-MRA was able to detect aneurysm recurrence, leading to subsequent retreatment.

    Conclusion: PETRA-MRA is a noninvasive examination that can be used to evaluate the occlusion status of aneurysms after SAC and visualize the stented parent artery. PETRA-MRA is useful for repeated follow-up examinations after SAC.

  • Yoshikazu Matsuda, Tomoaki Terada, Yu Sakamoto, Minako Kubo, Arisa Ume ...
    2023 年 17 巻 9 号 p. 196-201
    発行日: 2023年
    公開日: 2023/09/20
    [早期公開] 公開日: 2023/07/22
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス

    Objective: Recently, the occlusion rate of transarterial embolization (TAE) for intracranial non-sinus-type dural arteriovenous fistulas (NSDAVFs) has improved after ONYX was introduced. Additionally, when TAE for NSDAVF is unsuccessful, transvenous embolization (TVE) has become available as an alternative treatment. We investigated the factor for the favorable occlusion rate of endovascular treatment for NSDAVF at our institutions.

    Methods: Two hundred and twenty-seven patients with intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) were treated at our institutions between September 2014 and October 2022. The patients diagnosed with NSDAVF in all DAVFs who underwent endovascular treatment were included. The clinical characteristics, angiographical outcomes, and clinical outcomes of patients who underwent endovascular treatment were evaluated.

    Results: Thirty-eight patients had intracranial NSDAVF (tentorial: 23 cases, parasagittal-convexity: 7, anterior cranial fossa: 6, middle cranial fossa: 2). Our participants’ mean age was 64.8 ± 11.3 years, and 31 (81.6%) of them were males. Patients’ symptoms were as follows: asymptomatic (24), hemorrhage (10), tinnitus (3), and trigeminal neuralgia (1). TAE and TVE were performed on 35 and 3 patients, respectively. The rate of immediate angiographical occlusion was 84.2% (32/38). The follow-up angiographical occlusion rate in 6 months was 88.5% (31/35). Complications occurred in three cases. There was no morbidity or mortality after 30 days.

    Conclusion: TAE using the combination of the new microcatheter and microguidewire and TVE in the case of difficult or failed TAE for NSDAVF could achieve high success rates and safety.

Technical Note
  • Hiroshi Ikawa, Shigetaka Okamoto, Naoki Shinohara, Saya Ozaki, Toshiak ...
    2023 年 17 巻 9 号 p. 202-208
    発行日: 2023年
    公開日: 2023/09/20
    [早期公開] 公開日: 2023/08/08
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス

    Objective: This is a report on the usefulness of 3D fusion imaging with susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) as preoperative imaging for mechanical thrombectomy (MT) for acute ischemic stroke (AIS).

    Case Presentations: Among 17 cases of patients who underwent MT in AIS between March 2021 and April 2022, 14 patients who underwent MRI with SWI (shortened SWI for stroke) and 3D T2-weighted sampling perfection with application-optimized contrasts using different flip angle evolution were targeted in the study. Three cases with motion artifacts due to body movement were excluded from the images. After imaging, 3D fusion images were constructed to visualize thrombi and occluded vessels. SWI for stroke obtained thrombus information in 11 of the 14 cases (78.5%) and 3D images of the thrombi could be created in all 11 cases. 3D fusion images could be created in nine of the 14 cases (64.2%).

    Conclusion: 3D fusion images, using SWI for stroke, can visualize thrombi and occluded vessels and may be effectively used as preoperative images for MT.