Nowadays university-industry collaboration is highly promoted in various areas by various ways. In this study we try to evaluate university-industry linkage objectively through analysis of co-authorship of academic publications. To assess the university-industry collaborative activity comprehensively, we choose to use the National Citation Report for Japan (NCR-J) of Thomson Scientific, and Citation Database for Japanese Papers (CJP) of NII as well, to investigate and discuss the situation, trends and characteristics of Japanese university-industry linkages from both international and national perspective.
Since 2001 the author has been compiling university rankings for “The University Rankings,” an annual publication by the Asahi Shimbun Company, based on statistical surveys on the ISI citation databases of Thomson Scientific. In this report, the historical developments in these 6 years are reviewed, and a new method of calculating number of papers and citations introduced for the 2006 edition is described with some related problems which are involved in these bibliometric statistics.
In recent years, some novel retrieval systems which use kansei keywords have been developed. We have developed the retrieval system that 11432 children's books can be searched for by the kansei keywords picked up from online book reviews. The system was evaluated by school librarians who found that the system was useful for the education of children. In order to improve the system to the level of practical use, to add kansei keywords is necessary, few experts, however, can deal with kansei keywords. The purpose of this rsearch is to examine the methods of adding kansei keywords automatically based on the keywords which experts added. In case the words are in common with the words in the book review the experts added the kansei keywords, the same kansei keywords are added the book.
This paper describes a method of reconstruction of digital contents. Recently, a lot of libraries and museums digitize documents or objects, and construct digital archival systems. However, most of them do not make an advantage of digital contents. We take context of annuals of Asian affairs to pieces, and rearrange the pieces by relating same subject between headlines and texts. As a result, we showed the method generated new contexts which the documents have originally.
Information seeking behavior on the WWW attract public attention as the WWW contents came to be used widely as means for problem solving. The object of this study was to investigate features of information seeking behaviors on the WWW for problem solving. Ten subjects were college woman, and they had the problem of job hunting. Findings indicated that the WWW users had a tendency to pick up relevant pages from plenty of search results which were retrieved by simple query, and to value the pages from the search engines.
Users' personal information interests is an important for developing more personally adaptive system to search and to collect information increased. Recently, user profiling system has been used in several research system. However, evaluation approach of these systems was lack of empirical investigation using users' explicit desire. In this paper, we show the evaluation method for user profile using users' search queries as explicit desire. After the experiment, we could confirm the effectiveness of the method.
“Housei Keizai Shakai Ronbun Souran” (Catalogue of Academic Papers on Law, Politics, Economics and Sociology) and its additional version edited by Keitaro Amano were published in 1927 and in 1928 respectively. They cover collection of indexes of important academic papers and articles on law, politics, economics and sociology published in academic journals and books during the period from the Meiji Restoration until Showa 2nd year, and they still remain one of main, important sources of information for surveying old documents of those days. We have been working on the construction of web-version information retrieval system on the database of the two indexes, the whole text information of which has been converted into XML style. Our system is now released on our website. In the present paper we describe how our system has been developed and how it can be used.
We, Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) started to provide JDreamII since April 1st, 2006. It is a new document retrieval system that is integrated with JOIS that JST had provided since 1976. This system has a large-scale scientific and technological dictionary to support users' advanced search. In this report, I describe the way to support advanced search by this dictionary and the future enhance, too.
To recover the damaged environment and ecosystem of the earth, we should search and discover broader domain knowledge which is common among different domain knowledges, and through it, we should maintain continuity between every diverse activities of human beings to live, that is, we have to let those activities not be inconsistent with each other to economize the amount of resource and energy. The characteristic of brain's information processing function is maintaining continual understanding and practice to the living environment by the process to realize concurrent optimization of each part and the whole between plural diverse and different domain knowledges in order to discover common broader domain knowledge to put it into practice.
We have constructed the healthcare supporting systems for aged people, for patients with diabetes, and for pediatric patients and their families. In these systems, the people in need of nursing care actively and regularly send the healthcare data while the medical personnel view them to make use of subsequent medical services or nursing cares. The architecture is almost common to these systems in the sense that there exists a web and database server together with Internet-enable devices. However, since the data in the databases and to be exchanged were entirely difficult, the systems have been designed, implemented and maintained separately. In this paper, we review the features of the systems, and discuss the united, versatile database system for remote healthcare support.
Biometrics is classified into verification and identification. A lot of researchers of the keystroke dynamics have treated the verification which is used for the user login, based on the assumption that people each type in uniquely characteristic manner. However, its error rate is large compared with other verifications, for instance, by the fingerprint and the retina. In this research, we pay attention to the identification and investigate several characteristics of English text typing on the keystroke dynamics. As an efficient measure, time-interval between press and release of the key (p-r time) is extracted, by which a personal fluctuation of keystroke data is minimized. Experimental results show that the proposed methods on the personal fluctuation are considerably promising.
The problem of killer condo (fake quake-resistance condominium) struck close to home to an architectural industry and real estate agents. Various reports and proposals were made public to this problem. Now, a concrete improvement idea is discussed as a prevention plan. However, the content to refer the document of architectural information is few. In this paper, the current state of an architectural industry and the real estate agents that doesn't try to leave the document positively is described. In addition, it is described that the existence of the document and the establishment of the traceability control this problem.
Our object that we see into the future of our society is to measure the distance between the future society and the present condition and create things necessary for leading to the future. Therefore the future society seen into must be inevitable, that is, if we want to exist, we must head for it, able to be co-existent and have a high regard for the self-determination right that the people in the future can construct their society. Such the future society is described as view points which are effective as a criterion of judgment when selecting measures necessary for co-existence. Such view points appear as the direction in which we must resolve the social problem or which is indicated explicitly by the social insight which means part of people in our society exhibit their insight regardless of notables or not. A view point which works daily in the future as a criterion of judgment is a fusion of view points which have continued since social problems and insights and we call it a view point as a criterion of judgment in the future seen into from our history because our history just consists of social problems and insights arranged on line of time. Moreover we describe how to see into these view points from our history. Finally we propose the system that a citizen can see into a view point in the future from our history, inspect it during a free and voluntary daily life and recognize it in common in our society.