Although it is well known that offenders rehabilitation facilities play an important role in the prevention of second offense, community residents often oppose the construction of new facility in their neighborhood. Present study carried out questionnaire research on 1000 male and female subjects to clarify the factors which affect the rejective attitude. A multiple regression analysis revealed followings. 1) Both males and females understood the importance of the facility but tended to oppose the construction of new facility in their community. 2) This rejective attitude was stronger in females than males. 3) The negative view of the facility and inmates strengthened rejective attitude in both sexes. 4) The recognition that more offender rehabilitation facilities were necessary weakened the rejective attitude in both sexes. However, sex differences were also found. 5) Risk perception weakened rejective attitude in females but not in males. 6) Distrust of government and/or the owner of the facility strengthened the rejective attitude in males, but not in females. Based on these findings, the conditions under which the community residents accept the new facility were discussed.
The aim of this study was to test the association between Stalking-Related Behavior (SRB), urami and communication skills. As variables related to SRB, three factors were investigated: the frequency of SRB, the persistency of SRB and the variation of types of SRB exhibited. As a variable of motivation for SRB, urami was investigated. As variables of communication skills, six factors were investigated: expressivity, assertiveness, decipherer ability, other acceptance, self-control, and regulation of interpersonal relationships. A web-survey was conducted using 191 male and 197 female participants who have been rejected by someone they have loved (hereby referred to as “the target”) within the last five years. The results of a multiple-group analysis revealed a model that was common in both men and women which showed that poor self-control and other acceptance increased urami in the experience of rejection, and urami increased both the frequency and variation of types of SRB exhibited. Furthermore, the results found that as the level of assertiveness decreased, persistency of SRB increased. Finally, the limitations of this study and future prospects about the research of stalking in Japan was discussed.
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether implementing an emotional learning program decreased scores for autistic traits, alexithymia traits, and aggressiveness in juvenile delinquents. Furthermore, in this study, we examined whether the effect of the program would continue until the time of leaving the juvenile school. The participants were 80 juvenile delinquent boys who attended the emotional learning program, of which 42 leaved the juvenile school. Their autistic traits were measured using the Autism-Spectrum Quotient, alexithymia traits were determined using the Alexithymia Scale for Adolescence, and aggressiveness was measured using the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire. As a result of analysis, juvenile delinquent boys with autistic and alexithymia traits showed a significant decrease in difficulty describing feelings related to alexithymia and anger related to aggressiveness. Additionally, juvenile delinquent boys with autistic traits showed a significant decrease in social skill related to autism. Furthermore, juvenile delinquent boys with alexithymia traits showed a significant decrease in total scores for alexithymia, and total scores for aggressiveness. In addition, juvenile delinquent boys with no traits showed all traits were no significant. On the other hand, as a result of investigating whether the effect of the emotional learning program would continue until the time of leaving the juvenile school, all features that were reduced by the program remained reduced. Therefore, the emotional learning program is that brings a certain educational effect to delinquent boys with autistic traits and alexithymia traits.
In this study, classification into two types of antisocial behavior (Adolescence-Limited and Life-Course-Persistent) by Moffitt (1993) that had the purpose to explain the age-crime curve was attempted by using the data collected upon differentiating the quality of 1,440 juvenile delinquents who entered a Juvenile Classification Home, to examine consistency with her theory. As a result, a significant difference was recognized in the situation of school maladaptation, initial misbehavior in the early years, etc. between the two groups classified, and some differentiation materials were also indicating possible classification into two groups close to Moffitt’s theory. From the comparison of both groups, it was confirmed that the degree of the problem was more significant for Life-Course-Persistent than Adolescence-Limited: however there was no clear difference in the number and content of delinquency factors for both groups, and the structural difference in the explanatory model of delinquency was not successfully confirmed either.