During the Russo-Japan War, newspaper companies located in the urban areas such as Osaka and Tokyo tried to broaden their distribution by investing large capital to install telecommunication facilities and visual technologies. Taking advantage of these new technologies, large newspaper attempted to attract people's attention by distributing the news promptly. This article examines how the local newspaper competed with these newspapers during the war. It shed light on "Shinchoho," a small local newspaper, in Toyohashi at that time. Investigating the strategies by the paper to survive, this paper discusses how the local newspaper interacted with the local readers.
This study deals with the problem of cinema education. While previous studies have focused on the area of school education, the present study reveals the essence of the cinema education movement, which also attempted to improve the position of cinema. In 1928, Mizuno Shinko, head of the Motion Picture Department of the Osaka Mainichi Newspaper, applied the term "educational film (Katsuei)" to films with an educational purpose. He intended to improve the perception of "cinema (eiga)" as low-class entertainment by comparing it to "print (Katsuji)". I also discuss his dream that Katsuei will take the place of print culture.
The U.S. returned Okinawa/Ryukyu to Japan in 1972 after 27 years of occupation. The Agreement between Japan and the U.S. Concerning the Ryukyu Islands and the Daito Islands determined the relocation of the Voice of America's transmitters in Okinawa. However the relocation process has still not been cleared. Moreover, there is a secret agreement on the VOA's relocation costs. This paper clarifies the negotiations between Republic of Korea and the U.S. on the transmitters' relocation by analyzing the declassified documents in ROK Diplomatic Archives. It not only sheds light on the hidden history of VOA but also explores the significance of VOA in East Asia during the Cold War.
The purpose of this study is to analyze how audiences tells and give meanings to experiences of manga including "Weekly Shonen Jump", which was the most famous manga magazine in Japan in the 1980s through the early 1990s. I focused on the master narrative which would become the frame of experience. For the method I was analyzed life-story interview data of five informants and their manga experiences. As a result, it was revealed that the reflexivity in which social discourses about media play an important roll in relationship between audience and media.
Recently, Japanese digital terrestrial broadcasting is increasingly used in home. The purpose of this article is to gain an understanding of how TV viewers watch and use digital terrestrial TV. A 2006-7 qualitative survey administered in Mito city focused on interviews with the viewers. Additionally, weekly logs were filled out about their viewing and using habits. In conclusion, we found five types of TV viewing and using styles. We confirmed that the new functions of digital terrestrial TV were employed selectively by users and we expect that this habitual trend will remain in place.
Book's digitalization should focus on the function and the purpose, more than on the appearance of the Book. The definition of the book is an information unit that has a random-accessible architecture to access data inside it, and also is an information technology that has a random-accessible architecture to access every information unit in the huge knowledge base of the entire books. According to the law of the IT history, IT develops from fragmentary to sequential, random-accessible, comprehensively random-accessible. We live in the age of sequential "Electronic scroll" now. The R & D of "e-Book as the IT" just started.