マス・コミュニケーション研究
Online ISSN : 2432-0838
Print ISSN : 1341-1306
ISSN-L : 1341-1306
最新号
選択された号の論文の23件中1~23を表示しています
■ 特集  メディア研究・ジャーナリズム研究における質的研究法の現在
  • 野上 元
    2018 年 93 巻 p. 2-4
    発行日: 2018/07/31
    公開日: 2018/10/13
    ジャーナル フリー

     The feature in this volume entitled“ Current Qualitative Methods for Media

    and Journalism Studies” comprises four papers. This article explains the aims of

    these papers.

      This feature was written in response to a growing sense of crisis concerning

    the current state of Mass Communication Studies. One example of the concerns

    that exist is that high-definition natural language processing may eventually

    undermine the validity of mass-based methods.

      In light of this, all of the researchers in this field were required to reinvestigate

    ways of developing up-to-date methodologies that are inseparably

    linked to resolving each existing methodology’s problems.

      To this end, the editorial board asked each author to include in the paper

    his/her research history and current methodological proposition so that readers

    can understand the process by which the author developed the methodology.

  • 藤田 結子
    2018 年 93 巻 p. 5-16
    発行日: 2018/07/31
    公開日: 2018/10/13
    ジャーナル フリー

    In this paper, I review the uses of ethnographic methods in journalism and

    media studies. Particularly, I examine how we can conduct research on the

    globalizing aspects of journalism and media by using ethnography. In doing so,

    I look at news production and audience ethnography, which have often used

    participant observation as part of their research methods.

      First, I discuss how ethnographers use traditional methods to study a single

    site. In the case of news production, for example, Tuchman and Gans used

    long-term participant observation in order to study newsrooms. In the case of

    audience ethnography, Morley used interviews and participant observation,

    aiming to understand the social contexts of home television viewing.

      Second, I explore how ethnographers then began to use new methods in

    order to explore the globalization of culture and society and to overcome meth

    odological nationalism. Here, I compare two ethnographic methods: multi-sited

    ethnography (MSE), created by the anthropologist George Marcus, and global

    ethnography( GE) created by the sociologist Michael Burawoy. Then, I explain

    how I applied MSE to my research on cultural migrants. This study focuses on

    young Japanese who migrate from Tokyo to New York City or London after

    being exposed to media images of their destination before leaving Japan.

    Finally, I discuss the current situation of ethnography in journalism and media

    studies in Japan.

  • 小林 聡明
    2018 年 93 巻 p. 17-42
    発行日: 2018/07/31
    公開日: 2018/10/13
    ジャーナル フリー

    This paper attempts to discuss the methodology for media history by considering

    the significance and limitations of multi-archival research. For several

    decades, much interdisciplinary attention has been paid to multi-archival

    research not only in the field of history but also political science, international

    relations, and sociology. Multi-archival research became a popular and significant

    method because it promoted the declassification of documents in archives

    around the world after the end of the Cold War. This popular method has been

    applied to the discipline of media history and it has provided a significant key

    to opening a new dimension of its history in Japan at home and abroad.

      For researchers who intend to conduct research using a multi-archival

    approach, this paper aims to provide some information that was acquired

    through my own archival research experience. It focuses on the following three

    aspects. First, how my research interests spread beyond borders from Japan to

    Korea, the U.S., China, the U.K., and so on, including how I recognized the usefulness

    and significance of multi-archival research. Second, what we need to be

    careful of when attempting to conduct multi-archival research and analyze

    archival documents. Third, how we can utilize archives to gather documents

    more efficiently. To answer these questions, this paper provides archival information

    on the U.S., the ROK, the DPRK, Taiwan and the U.K.

      The scope of this paper attempts to contribute to the argument,“ how can

    we open a new dimension of media history by utilizing something new or old methods?”

  • 木村 忠正
    2018 年 93 巻 p. 43-60
    発行日: 2018/07/31
    公開日: 2018/10/13
    ジャーナル フリー

     People’s activities on the Internet are becoming digitized, and substantive

    analysis methodologies such as quantitative content analysis and network analysis

    are developing rapidly. Meanwhile, they cultural anthropology is methodologically

    characterized as essentially qualitative, with ethnography at their core.

    How can cultural anthropology approach our online activities and our lives in

    general with the Internet as a component through the method of ethnography?

    It is necessary to fundamentally revisit the conventional methodology built on

    the premise of the analog age with regard to ethnography in the context of the

    cyberspace field.

      Accordingly, cultural anthropologists who are interested in Internet studies

    and communications researchers who engage in an ethnographic approach have

    accumulated diverse developments in methodological discussions surrounding

    online ethnography, virtual ethnography, digital anthropology, and so on.

      Based on the author’s awareness of these issues and the developments in

    scientific discussions, has been proposed hybrid ethnography. The aim of this

    paper is to clarify the methodological subject of media studies pertaining to the

    digital network age based on the research the author conducted in online public

    opinion as part of the larger framework of the changes in ethnographical

    approaches, while attempting to propose concrete arguments on the methodology

    of hybrid ethnography by presenting research examples that include the

    elements of: 1. quantitative content analysis, 2. data structure analysis( various

    methods of multivariate analysis), and 3.( social) network analysis.

  • 加島 卓
    2018 年 93 巻 p. 61-74
    発行日: 2018/07/31
    公開日: 2018/10/13
    ジャーナル フリー

     In this paper, I explain the research methods for handling historical data in

    the context of media studies. I started by organizing the development process

    of media history in Japan, followed by the characteristics of media history of

    the 2000s. Finally, in the context of media history research as it relates to sociology,

    I explain about the methodologies adopted in “Historical Sociology of the

    Advertising Creator”( 2014) and“ Olympic, Design, Marketing”( 2017).

■ 論文
  • 佐藤 潤司
    2018 年 93 巻 p. 77-96
    発行日: 2018/07/31
    公開日: 2018/10/13
    ジャーナル フリー

    This paper discusses the danger that the BPO, which should be obliged to

    act as a bulwark against public authorities intervening in program production,

    may threaten the freedom of broadcasting and intimidate broadcasters.

      The aim of this paper is to investigate several cases in which TV stations

    submitted their reports in order to officially express objections to BPO’s decisions

    and to clarify the problems of these decisions and issues that the BPO

    should resolve.

      Through the examination of four cases that fit the above conditions, some

    problematic decisions were revealed which the BRC, one of the BPO committees,

    had made. These include one case in which the BRC pointed out ethical

    problems in TV programs based on a misunderstanding of the facts and mistaken

    interpretations by the BRC, and another case in which they concluded

    that human rights were violated based on information that had not been broadcasted.

      The BRC should have an obligation to examine factual information, conduct

    verification, clarify the standards of judgment, share their understanding of

    broadcasting ethics with TV stations, in order to make equal and fair judgments

    to regain the trust of broadcasters.

    The BPO should take these BRC-related problems seriously and become a

    true guardian of the freedom of broadcasting, defending the media from the

    authorities that intend to intervene in the broadcasting industry.

  • 瀬尾 華子
    2018 年 93 巻 p. 97-115
    発行日: 2018/07/31
    公開日: 2018/10/13
    ジャーナル フリー

      This thesis investigates how the news and documentary program, “NNN

    Document,” has reported the nuclear problem.

      This is important because previous studies have not clarified regional differences

    and diachronic changes in programs produced by local broadcasting

    stations that represent how people feel where nuclear power stations were

    located.

      Seventy-eight documentaries about nuclear power from“ NNN Document,”

    which is produced by 29 local broadcasting stations of the NTV group, were

    analyzed. These sources were examined by analyzing changes in the way in

    which the stations represented people statements.

      This research discovered the following. From 1970 until the Chernobyl

    disaster, many different people appeared in the documentaries, but after the

    Chernobyl disaster, the perspective of people living in areas suffering radiation

    damage and depopulated areas close to nuclear power stations came to the

    forefront. During the 2000’s, the number of documentaries about nuclear power

    decreased sharply. After the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, the lives of

    the refugees were portrayed from the point of view of their places of refuge.

    Thus, it is shown how “NNN Document” has come to more closely represent

    the opinions of citizens in the news about nuclear power generation.

  • 水出 幸輝
    2018 年 93 巻 p. 117-135
    発行日: 2018/07/31
    公開日: 2018/10/13
    ジャーナル フリー

    This study aims to clarify the transition of collective memory and recognition

    about the Great Kanto Earthquake through the exploration of the narratives

    of an academic figure. In a time when the collective memory of this past disaster

    has been fading, this report made it clear how the opinion of the intellectual has

    changed and why. The intellectual in question is Ikutaro Shimizu, who experienced

    the Great Kanto Earthquake. Known as a prominent writer, he continued

    to express his opinion on the Great Kanto Earthquake. He described himself an

    “après un tremblement de terre”( post-earthquake) writer, playing on words of

    the après guerre( post-war) generation. After the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake

    and its aftermath, Shimizu’s opinion on the disaster has drawn public

    attention again. The aim of this report is to trace the manner in which Shimizu

    talked about the disaster and how it changed.

      Before the end of the Second World War, Shimizu rarely discussed the

    Great Kanto Earthquake. In the days after the Second World War, he began to

    write essays on the huge earthquake. In other words, he developed his own

    interpretation of the earthquake in contrast with his war experience. As he recognized

    that the Great Kanto Earthquake had been downplayed by society at

    that time, he wrote about the Earthquake over and over as one of his important

    personal experiences. Although he attempted to evoke collective remembrance

    of the Earthquake in 1960, he quit writing about the Earthquake after all.

      It is in and after 1970 that his narrative seemed to change. He came to deal

    with the Great Kanto Earthquake as a matter of society or the nation, not as an

    unforgettable personal event. He modified his opinion on the Earthquake in line

    with the collective memory shared with people of the same period. This report

    examines Shimizu’s argument on the Earthquake and its changes, and points

    out the connection between personal memories and collective memory.

■ 2017年度秋季研究発表会 ワークショップ報告
■ 研究会の記録(2017年12月~2018年4月)
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