音声研究
Online ISSN : 2189-5961
Print ISSN : 1342-8675
3 巻 , 3 号
選択された号の論文の18件中1~18を表示しています
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特集「中間言語の音声」
研究論文
  • 那須 昭夫
    原稿種別: 本文
    1999 年 3 巻 3 号 p. 52-66
    発行日: 1999/12/30
    公開日: 2017/08/31
    ジャーナル フリー
    Japanese [p] is held to be a marked segment with characteristics different from those of other obstruents. In particular, it always appears in Yamato as a geminate consonant, and the occurrence of a single [p] is prohibited. On the other hand, onomatopoeia allows free occurrence of a single [p], as in "pari-pari," which leads to the common view that the grammar of onomatopoeia is different from that of Yamato with respect to [p]. However, a closer examination of the voicing patterns in onomatopoeia reveals that the above observation is not necessarily valid. This article attempts to demonstrate the markecness of [p] in onomatopoeia. It is specifically shown, on the basis of facts associated with voicing, that the occurrence of a single [p] is restricted even in onomatopoeia. It is then demonstrated that the seemingly peculiar occurrence of a single [p] and of voicing in onomatopoeia can be accounted for in a principled manner in the framework of Optimality Theory.
  • 松田 勝敬, 森 大毅, 粕谷 英樹
    原稿種別: 本文
    1999 年 3 巻 3 号 p. 67-75
    発行日: 1999/12/30
    公開日: 2017/08/31
    ジャーナル フリー
    The lower formant frequencies of whispered vowels are known to be slightly higher than those of modal vowels. This paper attempts to interpret this phenomenon acoustically, based on an electrical circuit model of the vocal tract. Perceived naturalness of whispered vowels is shown to be associated with bandwidth of the lower formant and spectral tilt resulting from loose acoustic coupling between supra- and sub-glottal systems through a small glottal chink. Perceptual significance of the frequency shift of the lower formant in whispered vowels is also studied. Perceptual experiments showed in that vowel boundaries between modal and whispered vowels were not changed in four of six subjects for the /o/-/a/ stimuli and in two of six for the /i/-/e/ stimuli. The results indicated that frequency shift of the lower formant in whispered vowels is not necessarily associated with the compensation for vowel boundary shifts.
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会議報告ICPhS 99(第14回国際音声科学会議)
『音声研究』投稿規程
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