Proceedings of International Association of P2M
Online ISSN : 2432-0382
ISSN-L : 2432-0382
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  • Editorial Board of International Association of P2M
    Pages Cover_1
    Published: 2021
    Released: April 12, 2021
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  • Editorial Board of International Association of P2M
    Pages contents_1-contents_4
    Published: 2021
    Released: April 12, 2021
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  • [in Japanese]
    Pages IS_1-IS_8
    Published: 2021
    Released: April 12, 2021
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  • [in Japanese]
    Pages IS_9-IS_17
    Published: 2021
    Released: April 12, 2021
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  • [in Japanese]
    Pages PS_1-PS_3
    Published: 2021
    Released: April 12, 2021
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  • [in Japanese]
    Pages PS_4-PS_12
    Published: 2021
    Released: April 12, 2021
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  • [in Japanese]
    Pages PS_13-PS_19
    Published: 2021
    Released: April 12, 2021
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  • [in Japanese]
    Pages PS_20-PS_23
    Published: 2021
    Released: April 12, 2021
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  • Hideo YAMAMOTO
    Pages 1-14
    Published: 2021
    Released: April 12, 2021
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    In creative integrated management of P2M for research and development of new technology, coordination between related departments from viewpoint of the entire process from basic research to business startup is important to achieve the effective outcomes. It has been over 10 years since we proposed this concept. During this time, digital economy has rapidly penetrated in the society and the product life cycle has shorted, and new business model that goes beyond the conventional industrial classification has emerged. In this paper, it is pointed out that the A-U (Abernathy-Utterback) model of product development is not always established in technology development management that responds to the above changes in the environment, in which the time to commercialization differs between hardware and software. In the development of products that are affected by the user's usage environment, the management requires a quick cycle of the three P2M models (scheme, system, and service) while also focusing on user behavior in using the products.
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  • A Study on the Practice of the Graduate School of Project Design
    Sawako SHIGETO
    Pages 15-31
    Published: 2021
    Released: April 12, 2021
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    In a society where complexity and uncertainty are increasing, professionals, who can open a new path to a sluggish society and lead the future by imaging an ideal and realizing as a business that makes the best use of the management resources, are required. For fostering such professions, the Graduate School of Project Design is founded, and the graduates have begun to play an active role in a wide range of fields. However, there are various difficulties in the process of expressing the ambiguous and ambiguous goal of the ideal future as a concrete value creation, planning and realizing as a business while bridging the gap between the ideal and the reality. In this paper, we assumed that the clue to overcome the difficulties lies in program management theory and explored the similarities between “project design” and P2M. We further suggested the possibility of academic development of “project design” by applying the idea of P2M.
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  • ―Proposal of Business Boundary Analysis Method in Business Ecosystem―
    Koji SEKIGUCHI, Koji OKADA
    Pages 32-51
    Published: 2021
    Released: April 12, 2021
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    Toward the sustainable development, it is expected for companies to transform their business models by themselves. From reflection on project management initiatives in a semiconductor firm, the importance of program management and business ecosystem has been recognized. In program management, especially in the scheme model type project, it is essential to design business models with considering business ecosystem, then the methodology/process to design business models is required. In this article, we propose a business boundary analysis method which extends the strategic positioning theory of product architecture as a portion of the methodology/process. Furthermore, we confirm the availability of the method by analyzing the strategy of the actual company based on our proposed method.
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  • Toshihiro SHIMBO, Hidekazu NISHIMURA
    Pages 52-61
    Published: 2021
    Released: April 12, 2021
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    A definition of system architecture by systems engineering approach is an approach that clarify a system of interest, define functions that a system of interest should include, and logically segregate system elements to clarify their relationships. When using this approach in a project to improve the productivity of chemical company, it is necessary to clarify how program management needs to be carried out. Therefore, in this study, we will define the system architecture and discuss the relationship with P2M program management, taking an intellectual integration project of a developed company as an example.
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  • Tomiya KIMURA, Masaru NAKANO
    Pages 62-76
    Published: 2021
    Released: April 12, 2021
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    Companies have been trying to improve the cost of their supply chains for a long time. However, they have not been able to make progress in improving indirect costs because of the wide range of items and the complexity of the organization. To solve this problem, we propose the application of a prototype and the business process value chain diagram, a visualization method, to model the business processes among organizations involved in indirect cost improvement and the flow of information and decision making within complex organizations. We designed the implementation and operation of the model. The effectiveness of the developed prototype was examined and found to be effective based on a case study in which this model was applied to a domestic manufacturing.
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  • Fumio KIJIM, Kenichi TAKAO, Tetsuya TOMA
    Pages 77-95
    Published: 2021
    Released: April 12, 2021
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    In this study, to elucidate the characteristics of the desire to change jobs in the information and telecommunications industry, where the number of IT engineers is the highest, a comparison of the desire to change jobs between IT engineers in the information & telecommunications industries and the manufacturing industry is conducted. According to the survey, there was no significant difference in the awareness of “significance and value of work”, “career prospects” and “satisfaction on income”. In addition, it turned out that “satisfaction on income” in the information and communication industry has a significant negative effect on the desire to change jobs, while in case of manufacturing industry, recognition of “the significance and value of work” had a significant negative effect.
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  • Kinya TAMAKI, Maki ARAME, ZHOUHUA Zheng
    Pages 96-115
    Published: 2021
    Released: April 12, 2021
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    The research group continued research and development and verification of new group work exercise method, integrated project-based learning (PBL) and active learning (AL) applying P2M. This research paper presents the overall lesson plan for the group work exercise, focusing on the specialized subject ”Global Product Strategy II” of the Faculty of Business Management at Aoyama Gakuin University, which has been offered from 2015 to the present. Due to the influence of COVID-19, online classes were introduced into many university educations in 2020. The first purpose is to report that the group work exercise method was redesigned into an overall lesson plan that can be conducted online lessons. The second purpose is to describe that various ideas have been added to the operation and management of distance learning, the production of digital teaching materials, the educational organization and learning support in order to implement the overall lesson plan. The third purpose is to propose future research issues for a wide range of problems discovered through the implementation and verification.
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  • Yoshikazu TOMITA
    Pages 116-126
    Published: 2021
    Released: April 12, 2021
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    The declining birthrate has become a social issue in Japan. As a result, high schools, especially in rural areas, are facing the challenge of decreasing the number of applicants for admission. As the number of applicants declines, schools are forced to reduce the number of classes they offer due to the reallocation of resources, which leads to a negative cycle of further decline in the number of applicants due to the acceleration of students' avoidance of applying for entrance examinations. However, it is often difficult for schools in rural areas, whose mission is to accept a diverse range of students, to aim to increase the number of applicants by distinguishing themselves in terms of extracurricular activities such as sports and university admission results. Therefore, in this study, we clarified the factors that influence the number of applicants and the relationship between these factors, and developed a framework for increasing the number of applicants. As a result, the number of applicants increased by 76% from 33 in 2020 to 58 in 2021 at Hokkaido Shikaoi High School.
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  • Yudai HASHIMOTO, Hironori TAKUMA
    Pages 127-137
    Published: 2021
    Released: April 12, 2021
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    While the importance of intellectual property is increasing, there are many cases of infringing its rights. According to a survey of elementary school students to college students, it is analyzed that the information ethics awareness of college students who have the most contact with society and begin to use electronic devices voluntarily is the lowest. And it is analyzed that the reason is that infringement of intellectual property does not directly affect them. Therefore, in this study, we devised a method to raise the awareness of copyright infringement prevention among university students by using a nudge-type framework that works on latent consciousness and confirmed the change in consciousness depending on whether or not it was applied by a questionnaire survey. This proposed method positioned a management method intended to induce voluntary behavior rather than controlling behavior by explicit regulations, rules, and is one of the means to realize the basic spirit of the P2M and reliability among members of platform management.
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  • Kyoko WATANABE, Toshihiko TAWARARA, Yoshikazu TOMITA, Seiko SHIRASAKA
    Pages 138-149
    Published: 2021
    Released: April 12, 2021
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    More and more local public high schools are facing the problem of athletic club activities. The number of athletic team members decreases, not being able to form a team for school team sports. In rural areas, the number of children decreases, causing a decline in the number of high school applicants. Also, more and more students shift away from sports when they graduate from junior high schools. On the other hand, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology (MEXT) has decided to gradually shift school athletic club activities to local communities from 2023 in line with the reform of teachers' work styles. To cope with this problem, regional integrated sports clubs have been established in many areas, but this has not led to a fundamental solution. It has only resulted in externalizing the cost of club activities. In this study, we developed a framework for designing programs for solving public high school club problems. We tested the framework in program design for solving this problem at S High School in Hokkaido. The program was aimed to increase the motivation for sports participation. As a result, students' motivation to join and support sport improved, and their interest in athletic club activities increased.
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  • Maki ARAME, Kinya TAMAKI
    Pages 150-164
    Published: 2021
    Released: April 12, 2021
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    As modern society grow more sophisticated and complicated, it is required to create a highly resilient organization that can adapt to changing demands. Aoyama Gakuin University has been implementing PBL classes since 2013 using instructional design. However, in such a PBL project aimed at solving social problems, there are cases in which students cannot solve the problem, and there were cases wherer the problem was solved but lacked creativity. Therefore, in 2016, an educational organization applying P2M was introduced. In this research, adaptive learning environment that enables individual learning support for members engaged in program management and project management as a support system improvement was examined. As a result, it was confirmed that the using adaptive learning environment may be effective in improving resilience.
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  • Case study research and analysis focusing on sensory elements
    Chihiro HATAKEYAMA, Ryoko KURAKAZU
    Pages 165-173
    Published: 2021
    Released: April 12, 2021
    CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS RESTRICTED ACCESS
    Today, it is believed that the role of design is to maintain a balance between the theoretical part and the part based on one's own sensitivity in order to discover problems, and this role is required in many projects. However, it is not easy to properly handle the sensibility element in a project. Using a case study of PBL conducted in one of the laboratories of the Department of Design Science at Chiba Institute of Technology, we will conduct an interview survey to understand the actual conditions of the experience and learning gained by the client and design students. Through the analysis, we will discuss the meaning of PBL, the role and involvement of students, and the treatment of sensory elements in the project. Through this paper, we aim to clarify the objectives of PBL projects, the effects on the learners' learning, and the relationship between these and sensory elements, and the issues involved.
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  • - The Impact of an Assessment Process Using Rubrics on Learning Effectiveness -
    Hajime HOSOKAWA, Chizuko AKAZAWA, Ayako NISHIDA
    Pages 174-184
    Published: 2021
    Released: April 12, 2021
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    Project Based Learning (PBL) is widely implemented in the field of education at universities. In this paper, we planned and managed a learning event for elementary school students in the design field as an initiative for value creation in a company. The purpose of this case study was to help the project team understand and steadily implement the design process, and to measure the degree of achievement by incorporating evaluation work using rubrics. As a result, differences in the degree of achievement were observed in several projects. From this practical case study, we clarify the factors that affect the execution of the design process of the project team from the perspective of P2M, and clarify the requirements for effective PBL implementation in design education.
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  • - From the Viewpoint of Bridging Functions to Change People’s Behaviors-
    Kunihiko TANIGUCHI
    Pages 185-194
    Published: 2021
    Released: April 12, 2021
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    I have researched the problem involved in combining Society 5.0 with regional activities, since Society 5.0 was included as one of the core policies in the 5th Science and Technology Basic Plan. SDGs, which were adopted for the UN Agenda 2030, have been joined with Society 5.0 and contributed greatly to winning the right to host-“the 2025 Osaka-Kansai Expo”-. A series of studies on the SDGs has been issued in this Society. Many works are found to combine the SDGs and Society 5.0 in business and academia, but, a few in regional public sectors. Regarding VUCA, Covid-19 is biggest one in the past year, This paper describes some activities in regional programs and offers some comments for the future.
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  • Akiko ICHIDA, Tetsuya TOMA, Kenichi TAKANO
    Pages 195-212
    Published: 2021
    Released: April 12, 2021
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    It is effective to develop 3S model of P2M framework in cooperation with human resource management. In this study, I premised the precedent study that analyzed the relationship of organizational culture and managerial leadership and employee satisfaction. And, as the next phase, for the action target of the concrete managerial class, I qualitatively analyzed the opinion of incumbent public employees about the ideal workplace and the boss. As a result, the national public employee demands ”the workplace which can pursue worth doing and contribution to society through a discussion active freely” and ”the boss making use of a subordinate”. It is necessary to perform the management together making use of public employee to give the effect of the 3S model in the public service workplace. the local public employee demands ”the workplace which cooperates and harmonizes” and ”the boss who watches them and accompanies them”.
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  • _
    Taku KONDO, Shozo KAZAMI
    Pages 213-228
    Published: 2021
    Released: April 12, 2021
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    The town development business tends to cross multiple fields, and it is considered that a specialist with advanced technology is required as an integrated manager. In addition, town development is often an administrative collaboration project, which is different from general private projects. If that perspective is not taken into consideration, there will be discrepancies in the analysis and realization scenarios of program stakeholders. Therefore, I thought that a management model for town development of administrative cooperation was necessary. Therefore, in the basic concept of the consolidation and abolition of elementary schools and the relocation project to higher ground in the reconstruction of the disaster area, which I was involved in, I will verify the profiling management required in the scheme model among the six categories of integrated management of P2M theory.
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  • Nobuatsu SHOJI, Shozo KAZAMI
    Pages 229-248
    Published: 2021
    Released: April 12, 2021
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    Most PFI in Japan are aimed at rationalizing business and reducing costs, and PPP that lead to new value creation are not widespread. It can be considered that this is because public-private partnership from the scheme stage of the program has not been established. The Ogar Project in Shiwa Town, Iwate Prefecture, which is a PPP project, is a program aimed at increasing the value of the entire area through multiple projects. By applying P2M to this case, we hypothesized that the public and private program managers worked together from the scheme stage to revitalize the region. Then, based on the six management perspectives of creative integrated management, we considered about the role of program management.
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  • Risa MIMOTO, Ryoko KURAKAZU
    Pages 249-258
    Published: 2021
    Released: April 12, 2021
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    In recent years, there has been a lot of attention paid to activities in which local residents voluntarily form communities. However, spontaneous activities by local residents have not been able to be realized and sustained because there are few opportunities to share their thoughts and feelings with others, or because they do not know how to promote their activities even if they are organized. In this study, we define ”spontaneous resident activities” as activities that generate new activities through a certain ”place” and show the role of platforms in spontaneous resident activities. In this paper, we focus on the spontaneous resident activities in Narashino City and examine whether the activities can be a platform for sharing ideas among multiple projects and generating sympathy among participants.
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  • Study of Environmental Activity Cases in the SDGs Era
    Yuriko YAMAMOTO, Yuji NAGAI, Hisanori OKADA, Akira YAMAZAK
    Pages 259-278
    Published: 2021
    Released: April 12, 2021
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    The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were announced at the United Nations Sustainable Development Summit. Environment problem including the global warming is a problem to be common for the earth citizen. For sustainable society realization, a local volunteer makes a non-profit organization and environmental activities on increase. Many of the non-profit organizations are funded mostly with grants. These grants are classified in public funds and a private fund. We will research for the private fund process of the organization side, and consider whether the application of the P2M framework is possible.
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  • A case study of woody biomass utilization plan
    Yuji NAGAI, Kentaro NAKANO, Toshihiro OKUBO, Yamato OYAMADA
    Pages 279-298
    Published: 2021
    Released: April 12, 2021
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    Abstract, The Ministry of the Environment is promoting the construction of a ”regional circulation symbiotic zone” based on the concept of SDGs aiming at integrated solutions to multiple issues. Programs to create a circulation zone in the region are being worked on all over the country, but it is difficult to break down the conceptual vision into a concrete project. It is difficult to draw the reality of connecting various programs in the region and managing them with a sense of the whole region. In this report, the council for the utilization of woody biomass in collaboration with Minamiashigara City, Kaisei Town, and Matsuda Town in western Kanagawa Prefecture is taken as an example. This council is implementing profiling management of projects aiming at the regional circulation symbiotic area, clarified the relationship and actors of multi-layered circulation resources in the region, and created a story for program realization. We will analyze how clarifying the scale of the previously ambiguous regional story worked in consensus building, especially by scrutinizing regional resources and demand.
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  • Case study of urban transformation initiatives by the ”Super City” policy
    Fumihiko OKIURA
    Pages 299-318
    Published: 2021
    Released: April 12, 2021
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    Japan's cities and regions are facing a number of challenges and are concerned about their sustainability under the structural issues of global digitalization, intensifying competition, SDGs, and the declining birthrate and aging population. The Japanese government is trying to solve these problems by implementing a transformation using digital technology through the ”Super City Concept” that aims to ”update entire cities and regions.” On the other hand, these movements for the structural transformation of society go beyond the scale of ordinary ”programs” in which a specific entity becomes the ”owner” in P2M theory and tries to realize the mission within the scope of that entity's function, but the importance of this concept is considered to be increasing. Based on this recognition of the problem, I examined the characteristics and role of P2M theory in the promotion of initiatives for large-scale social structural change, such as the ”Super City Concept,” using related research and Maebashi City’s initiatives as subjects, and proposed the necessity and direction of expanding P2M theory.
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  • Editorial Board of International Association of P2M
    Pages Ex_01-Ex_03
    Published: 2021
    Released: April 12, 2021
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  • Editorial Board of International Association of P2M
    Pages Ex_04
    Published: 2021
    Released: April 12, 2021
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