We have used X-ray absorption technique combined with a large-volume press to determine the density of the Fe-Ni-S liquid alloys at 3 GPa. The measured densities are consistent with the adiabatic compression curve of F-S liquids determined from sound velocity measurements. The molar volume of the FeS-NiS binary liquids shows a negative deviation from the ideal solution.
An experiment aimed at developing a high-speed X-ray diffraction method for in-situ measurements during molecular-beam epitaxy (MBE) growth was conducted. This method can be expected to be useful for understanding dislocation creation and structural relaxations in III-V semiconductors. A new X-ray optical system was tested for this purpose. The optical system consists of three optical elements, which together produce a convergent beam with a wide range of incident angles onto the sample. This makes it possible to observe the scattering distribution in a range of momentum transfer simultaneously with a single exposure of a two-dimensional detector, without any mechanical movement. The evaluation of the optical components confirmed that the principle of the new X-ray optics is sound. The diffracted X-rays from the Bragg peak of a thin film were observed simultaneously with the substrate Bragg peak. This shows the potential of the present method for time-resolved measurements during thin film growth, but some problems have to be solved for quantitative measurements.
The experiment was aimed at measuring the small-angle X-ray scattering of supercooled liquid tellurium, which is expected to show a maximum as a function of temperature in the deeply supercooled region. During the beam time, several challenges were present, which made it difficult to reach the experimental goal. This report explains the challenges encountered. A follow-up experiment was able to partially reach the original goal.