JOURNAL OF RURAL PLANNING ASSOCIATION
Online ISSN : 1881-2309
Print ISSN : 0912-9731
ISSN-L : 0912-9731
Volume 37 , Issue Special_Issue
special issue
Showing 1-14 articles out of 14 articles from the selected issue
special issue
  • Satoshi OSAWA
    2018 Volume 37 Issue Special_Issue Pages 161-167
    Published: November 20, 2018
    Released: November 20, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    I investigated a process of a movement of local resourcing of Citrus tachibana in Heta. Domestication of C. tachibana has been begun from 2003 because a resident paid attention to the northern distributional limit of domestic wild citrus fruits. The framework that money will be paid to a cultivation farmer by product development was formed there. An adult tree grew in 2 natural distribution sites total of 56 individuals, but a regeneration wasn't performed at a pure distribution site. A cultivated C. tachibana was observed in about 70 points in a garden and a field in Heta, and the cooperation with the formation of the unique landscape as a local resource was desired.

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  • Yoko HORIKAWA, Masayoshi SATOH, Atsushi ISHII
    2018 Volume 37 Issue Special_Issue Pages 168-175
    Published: November 20, 2018
    Released: November 20, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Hydropower generation companies in Japan profit by using regional resources of river flows and topographical conditions in hilly/mountainous areas, which have economic development and population settlement disadvantages. The residents of those areas understandably demand that such companies share the benefits of hydropower generation with them. Against this background, an analysis is provided of the historical development of the conflicts and compromises among different stakeholders (who separately seek private, regional or national benefits) on the hydropower generation in Miyazaki Prefecture since the 1920's, with a focus on the prefecture-operated hydropower projects in the Omaru River basin.

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  • Kunihiro MANABE, Masaya NAKATSUKA
    2018 Volume 37 Issue Special_Issue Pages 176-182
    Published: November 20, 2018
    Released: November 20, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    The purpose of this study is to clarify the development process and problems of a restaurant business by cooperation between the production area and the food service company, using a case study on cooperation between a restaurant chain company “W” in Kobe and three different areas. A detailed analysis clarifies the following four key factors: the importance of the persons who coordinate between the production area and the food service company, their strong regional network, and the effective use of fair and regional alliance agreement.

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  • Emi TAKEYAMA
    2018 Volume 37 Issue Special_Issue Pages 183-189
    Published: November 20, 2018
    Released: November 20, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Damage expansion by wild boar (Sus scrafa) and local farmer's intension to counter measure in Gogo-shima and Tsuru-shima islands were studied based on hearing and questioner survey. In Gogo-shima, sporadic damage phase exists for about 6 years after confirming inhabitation. After damage increase phase of about 4 years, grate damage phase has not yet started in 2017. In Tsuru-shima, a very small island, wild boar has immigrated but not colonized. Local government and university worked together to make opportunity for local people getting information and learning about wild boar. As results, local people tend to understand wild boar expansion, but to depend just only capturing as well as local government and farmers' cooperative organization.

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  • Takahiro TAMURA, Yumi SHIRAHIGE, Keisuke HIGUCHI, Akira GOTO, Takumi M ...
    2018 Volume 37 Issue Special_Issue Pages 190-195
    Published: November 20, 2018
    Released: November 20, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    This paper aims to find the requisites for farmers to voluntarily engage in “TAMBO-Dam.” To gather the required data from the farmers, a questionnaire survey and an oral investigation were conducted. The main findings were as follows: ① Twentysix percent of the respondents had no awareness of “TAMBO-Dam,” and 48 % indicated no intention of practicing “TAMBO-Dam.” ② About 26 % were noted to have latent intentions to prepare their paddy field for “TAMBO-Dam.” ③ The important requisites were the subsidy for installation cost, and the assurance that only minimal maintenance work would be required. ④ Method of practice and acceptance role was effectiveness, such as surveying on maintenance work and Public information, make the furtherance system of public organizations.

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  • Yumi SHIRAHIGE, Takahiro TAMURA, Masami MATSUI, Takumi MORIYAMA
    2018 Volume 37 Issue Special_Issue Pages 196-201
    Published: November 20, 2018
    Released: November 20, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    In Japan, the death toll from farmwork accidents has remained steadily high over the previous four decades. To reduce the causes of such accidents, it is essential that preventive measures based on an investigation from the perspectives of machinery, the environment, and human are implemented. Accordingly, in this study, we assess the actual state of human-safety measures among the large farm management entities. Our results clarify that the managements are cost conscious with respect to farmwork accidents and reveal that some “agricultural production corporations” have already incorporated within their activities the safety measures practiced in other industries.

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  • Akemi SAITO, Toshihiro HATTORI, Hiroyuki FUJISAKI
    2018 Volume 37 Issue Special_Issue Pages 202-208
    Published: November 20, 2018
    Released: November 20, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    This study clarifies what support policies are needed in the medium- to long-term, such as over 5 years, for farmers who are considering resuming farming at evacuation destinations. The support policies include processes of farming resumption at evacuation destinations and after return to the original destination. Our analysis of eight farmers' resumption processes of Iitate Village showed that for medium- to long-term evacuation, it was clearly necessary to maintain the farmers' motivation to resume farming and consider the farming style at that time.

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  • Kako INOUE
    2018 Volume 37 Issue Special_Issue Pages 209-216
    Published: November 20, 2018
    Released: November 20, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    This study is to examine possibility of alternative course of rural development by demonstrating and analyzing field survey results in the rural area of the Red River Delta, Vietnam, with special attention to the bipolarizing trend of farming management entity. The study showed data to capture farmers' pluriactivity in the individual, household, and community levels of five target villages, indicating that 1) profit-seeking farming bodies have emerged recently with significantly larger level of income in comparison with smallholder agriculture, and 2) majority of rural smallholders continue farming even with available non-farming business opportunities. By showing robust existence of smallholders in Vietnam, the paper suggests possibility of alternative rural development in the light of self-provisioning features of smallholder agriculture together with long-lasting community tie to share non-farming job opportunities each other, which enable smallholders to ensure their livelihood and quality-food to be supplied by themselves, reducing dependency on external resources.

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  • Ryohei YAMASHITA
    2018 Volume 37 Issue Special_Issue Pages 217-223
    Published: November 20, 2018
    Released: November 20, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    In this research, a questionnaire survey of high school students in Ishikawa prefecture was conducted to clarify the factors that elicit negative perceptions of current circumstances from high school students. We collected 3,529 valid responses. We analyzed the influence factors by assuming the hometown aging rate, the city size of future place of residence, the convenience of the living environment, and the frequency of contact with local services. Based on our analysis, we found that the hometown aging rate and availability of local conveniences significantly increased the high school students' negative perceptions.

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  • Sae SHINZATO, Masahiro NAKAJIMA, Mitsuyoshi ANDO
    2018 Volume 37 Issue Special_Issue Pages 224-229
    Published: November 20, 2018
    Released: November 20, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Towards endogenous rural development, it has been an important issue how to foster residents’ place attachment as motive power to revitalize rural areas. The aim of this study was to analyze factors influencing residents’ place attachment. The subject area of this study is Tawarayama District, Nagato City, Yamaguchi Prefecture. The statistical result by structural equation modeling showed the following findings; (1) The social environment and residence time influence place attachment directly. (2) Place attachment is gradually fostered from preference to emotion to desire. (3) Place attachment influences the pride in their community and the desire to have the younger generation settle down.

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  • Masayuki NITTA, Masahiro NAKAJIMA, Yuki MIYAKAWA, Jun IWAMOTO
    2018 Volume 37 Issue Special_Issue Pages 230-236
    Published: November 20, 2018
    Released: November 20, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Eco-friendly ditch improvement has been forming irrigation-based environmental stocks. In the pursuit of creative stock management, this study aimed to reveal interannual changes in maintenance systems in Kitaochi Settlement, Koura Town, Shiga Prefecture. Accordingly, maintenance systems were stratified via increasing workload, which varied according to the stock type. Fundamental factors, including 1) sustaining existing maintenance works, 2) organizing an association to tackle diverse issues, 3) incorporating existing associations, and 4) operating a grant system, were identified as essential in creative stock management.

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  • Yoshiki KUWABARA, Masahiro NAKAJIMA
    2018 Volume 37 Issue Special_Issue Pages 237-243
    Published: November 20, 2018
    Released: November 20, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    This study aimed to reveal the service actual conditions of Local Vitalization Cooperator (volunteers for revitalization of rural regions) who out-migrated following completion of the service, focusing on the relationship between activities and personal networks(PN), and the reasons to out-migrate. A survey was conducted in Misato Town, Shimane prefecture. The main findings were as follows: (1) Many volunteers who out-migrated formed the PN with the residents of Misato Town through their activities during the service and developed their activities during the service through their PN. Many of their activities were continued by their successor even following completion of the service. (2) Their reasons to out-migrate following completion of the service were the friction between the residents and them, their out-migrating intention since the service started and the failure to obtain their desire job or house.

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  • Mizue FUJIWARA, Junichi HIROTA
    2018 Volume 37 Issue Special_Issue Pages 244-251
    Published: November 20, 2018
    Released: November 20, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    Rural communities in which population have been rapidly declining have faced important problems to keep life support services for local people and to reorganize the local communities for that. “Regional Management Organization” is attracting a great deal of attention as a new approach to these problems of rural communities. Shizukuishi town in Iwate prefecture started an attempt to establish “Regional Management Organization” in 2015. The methods of Shizukuishi town are, 1) to set the community meetings in 4 elementary school districts as an early stage of “Regional Management Organization”, 2) to make a community development plan of each district in the community meetings and practice the projects in the plan by local people themselves, 3) to post staffs to support the community meetings and practice, In this study, we evaluated the methods of Shizukuishi and made certain of the effectiveness and the issues of the methods.

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  • Shinji TAKADA, Masaya NAKATSUKA
    2018 Volume 37 Issue Special_Issue Pages 252-257
    Published: November 20, 2018
    Released: November 20, 2019
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS

    In this research, we consider the factors which contribute to development of the Nongjiale by the acquisition of Nongjiale’s management resource and business ecosystem in Guandi Village, which is an advanced region of rural tourism in China. As a result, along with the growth of the Nongjiale, it had an impact on the route of the acquisition of the Nongjiale’s management resource became diversified. Futher in Guandi Village, along with the growth of the Nongjiale, it’s created related industries considerably. These industries form a business ecosystem wherein Nongjiale cooperative centered network and promote the Nongjiale development.

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