The three dimensional measurement & modeling system with digital cameras on PC is now making progress and its need and hope is increasingly felt in terrestrial (close-range) photogrammetry for such sectors as cultural heritage preservation, architecture, civil engineering, manufacturing, measurement etc. Therefore, we have developed a system to improve the accuracy of stereo-matching, which is the very core of 3D measurement. As for stereo-matching method, in order to minimize the mismatching and to be robust in geometric distortions, occlusion, as well as brightness change, we invented Coarse-to-Fine Strategy Method by integrating OCM (Orientation Code Matching) with LSM (Least Squares Matching). Thus this system could attain the accuracy of 0.26mm, when we experimented on a mannequin. And when we actually experimented on the archeological ruins in Greece and Turkey, the accuracy was within the range of 1cm, compared with their blue-print plan. Besides, formally workers used to take at least 1.5 month for this kind of survey operation with the existing method, but now workers need only 3 or 4 days. Thus, its practicality and efficiency was confirmed.
This paper demonstrates our new system of 3D measurement and stereo-matching with some concrete examples as its practical application.