This study aims to clarify the actual conditions and issues of parks and open space use for environmental education of elementary schools. The elementary schools in Chiba City were selected as case study schools. In the environmental research, the distance from schoolyard to parks and open space, the area and type of parks and open space were looked at. The questionnaire survey was conducted with teachers managed each graders. The main contents of the questionnaire were concerned with the locations of parks and open space used for environmental education, the actual conditions of its use, and the consciousness of environmental education in parks and open space. The results are as follows: 1) The basic parks for neighborhood, which located near to the elementary schools, were often used for environmental education. 2) Mainly, the parks and open space were used for the observation of plants and insects. 3) In order to enhance the use of the basic neighborhood parks, it is necessary to provide teachers with teaching materials and to development the environmental education programs. 4) It is possible that the curators of pupils and the inhabitants become the partners with teachers for environmental education in elementary school.