GEOGRAPHICAL SCIENCES
Online ISSN : 2432-096X
Print ISSN : 0286-4886
ISSN-L : 0286-4886
Volume 68 , Issue 1
Showing 1-21 articles out of 21 articles from the selected issue
  • Type: Cover
    2013 Volume 68 Issue 1 Pages Cover1-
    Published: February 28, 2013
    Released: April 07, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (8916K)
  • Type: Appendix
    2013 Volume 68 Issue 1 Pages App1-
    Published: February 28, 2013
    Released: April 07, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (60K)
  • Type: Appendix
    2013 Volume 68 Issue 1 Pages App2-
    Published: February 28, 2013
    Released: April 07, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (60K)
  • Type: Appendix
    2013 Volume 68 Issue 1 Pages App3-
    Published: February 28, 2013
    Released: April 07, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (60K)
  • Type: Index
    2013 Volume 68 Issue 1 Pages Toc1-
    Published: February 28, 2013
    Released: April 07, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (19K)
  • Type: Index
    2013 Volume 68 Issue 1 Pages Toc2-
    Published: February 28, 2013
    Released: April 07, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (16K)
  • Satoshi YAMAGUCHI
    Type: Article
    2013 Volume 68 Issue 1 Pages 1-24
    Published: February 28, 2013
    Released: April 07, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Alex Haley, a famous African American novelist, wrote Roots in 1976. This book fueled a genealogy boom in Western countries, especially with reference to diaspora. After World War II, many Americans made it a point to establish their ethnic identity, and Roots became the symbol of this movement. However, it was very difficult at that time to conduct genealogical research on ethnic minorities, especially on Africans and Native Americans. Haley had attempted to devise new research methods to extract information on his ancestors, who were slaves, because there was very little information available on them. From this endeavor, ethnic genealogy, a new field in the study of genealogy, was derived. Ever since, ethnic genealogy has helped ethnic minorities establish their identities. Further, it is possible that the quest for roots would connect with the routes taken to complete this quest, a notion advocated by anthropologist James Clifford. In Roots, Haley depicted his mother's family tree; in the following novel, Queen, he traced his ancestors on his father's side of the family. Queen revealed that his paternal line included white Irish American ancestors. His last novel, Mama Flora's Family, is the story of how the heroine Flora's African American family survives severe conditions by using various practices of resistance. In some of Haley's works, we can see the plural phases of identities. The methods of genealogy have evolved in the twenty-first century. Black genealogy today can find ancestors who lived in ancient Africa. The famous scholar Henry Louis Gates Jr., who supports the concept of "Roots for the twenty-first century," uses genetic (DNA) profiling, the newly created database of slave ships that crossed the Atlantic, and other such methods to help people trace their ancestors. Genealogy will influence social formations of ethnicity in the future. However, it is almost impossible that the genealogical imaginations of the white majority will change because many among this group do not like sharing common ancestry with ethnic minorities. In 2008, Gates was wrongly arrested because of the color of his skin. This instance is symbolic of the American social situation. However, extended genealogical imagination and related methods, brought about by Haley's Roots, open up the possibility that the concept of ethnicity will change as a result of questioning our ancestry on a global, historical, and sometimes even prehistorical level.
    Download PDF (2213K)
  • Shin KAJITA
    Type: Article
    2013 Volume 68 Issue 1 Pages 25-41
    Published: February 28, 2013
    Released: April 07, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    This paper traces the industrial reorganization of civil engineering in the era of drastically shrinking public investment that began at the end of the 1990s. The study employs two kinds of statistic- the results of a management inspection (keiei jikoshinsa) required for contractors hoping to participate in public works tendering, and data from a completed-work volume questionnaire survey compiled by the leading construction industry newspaper Nikkan Kensetsu Kogyo Shinbun. The study's findings are outlined below. 1) Among the large civil engineering contractors with non-metropolitan head offices, the contractors whose business areas were beyond their head offices' prefectural territories experienced a more severe decline in their completed-work volume than did contractors with business areas within their home prefectures. Although the latter's sales volumes decreased, their typical territorial sales volume and location patterns were generally maintained. The frequency of bankruptcy and merger-driven reorganization was relatively low in this group. These trends suggest that coordination among local contractors remained strong. 2) Among nationwide civil engineering contractors, the gaps between majors and quasi-majors and between quasi-majors and newly developed ones have widened since the late 1990s. Nevertheless, this trend can be understood from a long-term perspective as a return to the situation that was in effect at the beginning of the high-economic-growth era. Consequently, the newly developed contractors functioned as the "regulating valves" of economic development. 3) The above organizational transformations suggest that the last 10 or so years of shrinking public investment have not led to a "desirable" reorganization of the civil engineering industry. Two problems are particularly noteworthy. First, the downsizing of local contractors without mergers, bankruptcies, or withdrawals may lower their technical and managerial abilities in peripheral areas. Second, the national government pays insufficient attention to middle-scale contractors (those between the major nationwide contractors and the local ones) and does not have enough measures targeted to them.
    Download PDF (1751K)
  • Hoo-Eun JANG
    Type: Article
    2013 Volume 68 Issue 1 Pages 42-55
    Published: February 28, 2013
    Released: April 07, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    This study seeks to explain the development process in regards to the regional industrial policy of South Korea, which has not yet been sufficiently introduced in Japan, and to find out its character. South Korea's regional industrial policy started in 1999 as Regional Industrial Promotion Projects by the Ministry of Knowledge Economy, after which each government pushed forward a series of projects by adding new items. The regional industrial policy under the government of President Lee MyungBak has been carrying out Regional Industrial Promotion Projects/Region Specific Industry Projects/Leading Industry Nurturing Projects as major projects at three different regional scales which are the Korean provinces, municipality and the Economic Region. However, obscure definitions of industry and selection criteria combined with a failure to obtain consistency/validity/regionalism were pointed out as key issues during targeting policy. While conducting the policy led by the central government which has been not only vertical but also top-down, policy initiatives are gradually given to the regional government and also its policy driving capability is improved.
    Download PDF (1495K)
  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    2013 Volume 68 Issue 1 Pages 56-59
    Published: February 28, 2013
    Released: April 07, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (591K)
  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    2013 Volume 68 Issue 1 Pages 59-63
    Published: February 28, 2013
    Released: April 07, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (757K)
  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    2013 Volume 68 Issue 1 Pages 63-66
    Published: February 28, 2013
    Released: April 07, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (551K)
  • Type: Appendix
    2013 Volume 68 Issue 1 Pages 67-
    Published: February 28, 2013
    Released: April 07, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (54K)
  • Type: Appendix
    2013 Volume 68 Issue 1 Pages 68-
    Published: February 28, 2013
    Released: April 07, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (67K)
  • Type: Appendix
    2013 Volume 68 Issue 1 Pages App4-
    Published: February 28, 2013
    Released: April 07, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (84K)
  • Type: Appendix
    2013 Volume 68 Issue 1 Pages App5-
    Published: February 28, 2013
    Released: April 07, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (297K)
  • Type: Appendix
    2013 Volume 68 Issue 1 Pages App6-
    Published: February 28, 2013
    Released: April 07, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (35K)
  • Type: Appendix
    2013 Volume 68 Issue 1 Pages App7-
    Published: February 28, 2013
    Released: April 07, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (40K)
  • Type: Appendix
    2013 Volume 68 Issue 1 Pages App8-
    Published: February 28, 2013
    Released: April 07, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (40K)
  • Type: Appendix
    2013 Volume 68 Issue 1 Pages App9-
    Published: February 28, 2013
    Released: April 07, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (40K)
  • Type: Cover
    2013 Volume 68 Issue 1 Pages Cover2-
    Published: February 28, 2013
    Released: April 07, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (26K)
feedback
Top