The purpose of this study was to investigate domains of travel skills, and their relationship to some selected indices of travel career. "Travel skills" were denned as the skills needed to proceed smoothly during a travel experience, or simply to be able to enjoy traveling. First, in a pilot study, 81 people (age 18-81) were asked to describe persons having travel skills. The results showed that travel skills consisted of 10 domains. A scale for travel skills was constructed based on these 10 domains of travel skills, and its validity was examined through evaluation by professional travel agents. Second, the scale was administered to adolescents (n=382) and the results indicated that travel skills had little relationship to times traveled, but were related to quality of the travel career (i.e. preference and planning of travel). Regarding motivational career, those who were motivated to travel for the sake of self-esteem scored high on the skills. Meanwhile those concerned with safety had low scores.
This research tries to analyze "Syukuhakutokkagata Hotels" which appeared in the last ten years, as a new business model through two approaches of the strategy theory in marketing: Positioning Approach and Resource-Based Approach. As a result, five features of "Syukuhakutokkagata Hotel" were extracted: 'low price", "comfortable space", "non-incidental institution", "safety and a reliable feeling", and "free breakfast". Moreover, this research also revealed that two types of approaches described here should be taken into consideration to identify the change of future hotel business models in Japan.
The purpose of this study is to explore issues of anthropology of tourism in Japan, as an essential domain of tourism studies. Although various anthropologists insist on the significance of tourism as an anthropological subject, there are no studies employing the anthropological approach as means for understanding tourism in Japanese tourism studies. In order to establish a perspective for anthropology of tourism as tourism studies, we reviewed tourism studies, anthropology of tourism in the 1980s and anthropology of tourism in Japan mainly after 1990.