This paper aims to clarify the development process of Dongrae spa in Korea since 1876. which is well known since Lee dynasty and is said to be the only spa which had been urbanized in 1920's. The results are as follows: (1)The spa had been changed its character in three stages: infiltration of Japanese use into traditional Korean spa. establishment of health and retreat resort for Japanese, transfiguration and establishment to large scale pleasure resort. (2)Spatial enlargement of the spa had progressed in accordance with three stage mentioned above. (3)In the final stage, the spa's spatial structure was formed by four concentric belts: commercial and public baths zone in the center, small hotel belt, large hotel belt, and villas belt. (4)The stocks accumulated before Liberation had worked a little for the after Liveration development of the spa.
The study eines to identify 'the booms of spa resorts' from Meiji to the early Showa era, and to clarify the features, causing factors and changing factors in each booms. Based on newspapers, magagines, historical documents etc. of these periods events relating to the spa resorts are extracted and classified. then the comparative analysis is conducted. Main findings are as follows: 1)'The booms of spa resorts' from Meiji to the early Showa era can be extracted as; (1)the former haif of first boom period (from 10 to 17. Maiji era) (2)the later half of first boom period (from 24 to 31. Meiji era) (3)second boom period (from 2 to 9. Taisho era) 2)The popularlity of spa resorts had changed and taken roots. through the rise and fall of each booms. whose features and factors are clarified. Booms had a tendency to shift from westen spa resorts to eastern resorts. 3)Spa resorts, introduced a variety of booms elements actively and constantly. had a tendency to have developed into popular resorts.