Community-based Tourism (CBT) is a kind of ecotourism as a participatory approach to development. The purpose of this study is to consider the relationship between sustainable tourism and communities as a case of CBT in Tanzania. Tourism in Tanzania relies mainly on the wild life through "Safari" tours held in and around national parks, but new style of tourism is emerging in rural community areas in recent years. At first this style of tourism was operated jointly by the local people in cooperation with NGO and now is managed by the local people without the support of NGO. This paper is intended to show the present state of CBT called "Cultural Tourism Programme" in Tanzania and to investigate the possibility of tourism development to contribute to the local communities and the issues related to implementation of the CBT at present.
The purpose of this study is to measure and to analyze the effect of the stress relief which is caused by traveling through the experiment by the easy measurement method. We analyzed stress marker which are obtained from saliva. We collected saliva from the participants, women, on a short-term trip, three times a day, and five days total including a day before the trip and a day after the trip. As a result, it was assured that the effect of the stress relief is caused by travel and suggested the possibility of the disease prevention and the health promotion of the travel. In addition, the effectiveness of the group analysis based on subject's mental health status was confirmed, and there is possibility to propose the travel type according to the characteristics of subjects.
This research aims at grasping how university students who will supply labor and are potential labor are conscious of an occupation in circumstances that employment of young people becomes worse rapidly since late 1990s and part-timers are on the increase according to diversification of employment. This study tried to find out the level of valuation and expection about their future jobs with inquiring students who are majoring in tourism and will probably work for tourism industry.