After the World War II, Taiwan is formally retroceded to the Repubdic of China from Japan's occupation in 1945. In 1949, the communists set up a regime in Paking with Mao Zedong as "chairman." At the same year, the national government moves its seat from Nanking to Taipei. Under Chian Kai-shek and his eldest son's -- Chian Ching-guo -- leading, Taiwan comes into effect the first four-year "Economic Plan" that also contains the Tourism Plan. Chian Ching-guo accedes premier in 1974 and launched "The Big Ten Economic Programs" to push the national economic development. In the 1980s, Taiwan is moving toward highly developing economic ages. Also by 1991, Chain continues to start the six-year "National Development Plan." I generally demarcate the developing of Taiwan's Tourism Industry into four periods, from the end of World War II and to date, as follows: (1) The incoption period of tourism (2) The primary period of tourism (3) The growth period of tourism (4) The turnign point period of tourism. In this research, I focus my survery as well as analysis on the issues of tourism during the four periods.
This article approaches a local revitalizing movement in situations of utilized Eco-tourism through a field work on Ogata Town, Kochi Prefecture, especially on its effort for establishing and maintaining of "Sunahama Bijutsukan" which literally means a sandy beach museum. The people of Ogata Town(Sammitoren) declare that there is no museum in our town but our beautiful beach itself is a museum. In accordance with their definition, Sunahama Bijutsukan is a certain way of thinking. It is dear that they utilized the concept of Eco-tourism which is brought from outside of their town so that the people of the town revitalize their own local identity. The effort of Sunahama Bijutukan could be understood as a social practice which relates expressed regional features to the nature, culture and history of their home town, and offers the opportunity to construct people's awareness of a new local identity.