THE BULLETIN OF TOKYO MEDICAL AND DENTAL UNIVERSITY
Online ISSN : 2435-0761
Print ISSN : 0040-8921
40 巻 , 4 号
選択された号の論文の5件中1~5を表示しています
  • Takayuki YONEYAMA, Masato KOTAKE, Equo KOBAYASHI, Hisashi DOI, Hitoshi ...
    1993 年 40 巻 4 号 p. 167-172
    発行日: 1993年
    公開日: 2019/10/02
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    The influence of mold materials and heat treatment on the tensile properties and the transformation temperatures of Ni-Ti alloy castings was investigated by tensile test and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) in order to apply the special properties of the alloy to dental field. The compositions of the two alloys examined were 49.0 and 49.2 at% Ti. A silica investment and a magnesia investment were used as the mold materials. Heat treatment at 440 °C for 1.8 ks was performed. Apparent proof strength decreased in both compositions, and residual strain increased in Ni-49.2Ti by the heat treatment. Elongation increased in N i-49.0Ti with use of the magnesia mold or by the heat treatment. The transformation temperatures of Ni-49.2Ti increased with use of the magnesia mold. The change by the heat treatment suggested a structural change. The development of a suitable method for the casting of the alloy is expected to bring about the development of new devices and therapy in dentistry.
  • Michael F. BURROW, Junji TAGAMI, Hiroyasu HOSODA
    1993 年 40 巻 4 号 p. 173-191
    発行日: 1993年
    公開日: 2019/10/02
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    The aim of this study was to investigate the durability, throughout one year, of tensile bond strengths (TBS) to bovine dentin using various commercial and experimental bonding systems. Specimens were stored in a controlled solution of ion-exchanged water containing plaster chips and sodium azide. From the results it was concluded that the changes in TBS were not uniform over time, but a significant decrease was usually observed. For Super Bond D-liner and KB-100, the TBS were the highest and exhibited remarkable stability over the test period. The mode of fracture was noted to vary depending on the treatment system used, and was independent of TBS. Generally, the fracture mode tended to show increases in adhesive/cohesive failures within the resin over time. Super Bond D-liner always exhibited adhesive type failure at the tooth interface, and later involved failure in the hybrid layer. KB-100 showed very little change in failure over one year, being usually adhesive between bonding resin and resin composite. The results from this study indicate the need to carry out durability studies for the basic evaluation of all bonding systems. It was shown that the use of a controlled storage solution is important.
  • 7. OBSERVATION ON LATTICE IMPERFECTION OF HUMAN TOOTH AND BONE CRYSTALS II.
    Takashi ICHIJO, Yasuo YAMASHITA, Tatsuo TERASHIMA
    1993 年 40 巻 4 号 p. 193-205
    発行日: 1993年
    公開日: 2019/10/02
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    In a series of studies to investigate the structural features of the biological crystal, such as the tooth and bone, using an electron microscope, we examined the ultrastructure of the human enamel, dentin, and bone crystals at near atomic resolution and showed the configuration of the hydroxyapatite structure through the cross and longitudinal sections of the enamel, dentin, and bone crystals. Subsequently, based on the results of our observations of the ultrastructure of the tooth and bone crystals, we attempted to clarify the essential structural features and characteristics of the lattice imperfections in the hydroxyapatite structure composing of the human enamel, dentin, and bone crystals from the morphological viewpoint. Therefore, using the same approach, we examined the images of the lattice imperfection of the normal human enamel, dentin, and bone crystals. In this report, following the previous ovservation of the lattice imperfection on the point defect structure and the dislocations appearing in the inner structure of the crystal, we describe the image of the face defect structure obtained by using the same approach from the sections of the human enamel, dentin, and bone crystals, such as the stacking fault, grain boundary , and others. The materials used for this study were the human enamel, dentin, and bone crystals. The small cubes of the material were fixed in glutaraldehyde and osmium tetroxide and embedded in epoxy resin using the routine methods. The ultrathin sections were cut with a diamond knife without decalcification. The sections were examined with the HITACHI H-800 H and H-9000 type transmission electron microscopes operated at 200 kV and 300 kV respectively. Each crystal was observed at an initial magnification of 300,000 times and at a final magnification of 10,000,000 times and over. We sincerely believe that the electron micrographs shown in this report are the first to show the images of the lattice imperfections from the sections obtained from the hydroxyapatite crystal composing of the human enamel, dentin, and bone tissue, such as the grain boundary, stacking fault, and others, at near atomic resolution.
  • 8. OBSERVATION ON FUSION OF HUMAN ENAMEL CRYSTALS
    Takashi ICHIJO, Yasuo YAMASHITA, Tatsuo TERASHIMA
    1993 年 40 巻 4 号 p. 207-216
    発行日: 1993年
    公開日: 2019/10/02
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    In a series of studies to investigate the basic structural features and characteristics of the biological apatite crystals, using a transmission electron microscope, we examined the ultrastructure of the human enamel, dentin, and bone crystals at near atomic resolution and showed the configuration of the hydroxyapatite structure through the cross and longitudinal sections of the crystals. Subsequently, based on the results of the observations by the authors of the ultrastructure of the tooth and bone, using the same approach, we have been able to directly examine the images of the lattice imperfections in the human tooth and bone crystals, such as the point defect structure, line defect, and face defect, in the crystals. In this report, we describe the images of the crystal fusion obtained by using the same approach from the sections of the human enamel crystals The materials used for this study were the noncarious enamel from the freshly extracted human erupted lower first molars. The small cubes of the material were fixed in glutaraldehyde and osmium tetroxide and embedded in epoxy resin using the routine methods. The ultrathin sections were cut with a diamond knife without decalcification. The sections were examined with the HITACHI H-800 H and H-9000 type transmission electron microscopes operated at 200 kV and 300 kV. Each crystal was observed at an initial magnification of 300,000 times and at a final magnification of 10,000,000 times and over. We are, therefore, able to confirm that the fusion between the adjacent crystals can occur at some time during the life history of the human enamel. We sincerely believe that the electron micrographs shown in this report are the first to show the ultrastructures of the crystal fusion in the human enamel crystals at near atomic resolution.
  • Chatri KAEWSURIYATHUMRONG, Kunimichi SOMA
    1993 年 40 巻 4 号 p. 217-232
    発行日: 1993年
    公開日: 2019/10/02
    ジャーナル フリー
    Stress is created by the bite force and distributed along the tooth towards the PDL structure. It 1s of interest to investigate the complex tooth structure, consisting of enamel, dentine, pulp, and thin cementum layer and how it functions in stress distribution. This study was intended to analyze the role of the tooth and PDL structures in stress distribution, by using a three-dimensional finite element method. A mandibular first molar was constructed for the finite element model. The bite forces were measured by Pressensor, and these bite force values were programmed to load down upon the occlusal surface of the model. The results were expressed by stress contours and principal stress graphs. The stress was found to decrease as it distributed from the occlusal surface towards the cervical portion in the dentine and the pulp. In contrast, the stress, especially a compressive stress, increased gradually in the enamel layer in the lower half of the crown, in the same direction. It was apparent in displayed pattern of stress that the stress distributed outward towards the surrounding portion of the lower half of the crown. This resulted in a uniform magnitude of the principal stresses for all aspects of the mesial and distal roots. The stresses of both roots were generally compressive stress. When comparing the stress values of sampling points positioned between the root surfaces and the periphery of the PDL (the alveolar wall), all principal stresses for those of the PDL (periodontal ligament) were less than those of the root surfaces. These findings revealed that the PDL, the dentine, and the pulp functioned in cooperation in stress reduction; and the sequences of enamel, dentine, and pulp influenced the pattern of stress distribution. The different material properties of the tooth structure in sequence was considered a very important factor for stress reduction and for the pattern of stress distribution, especially in the root.
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