Japanese Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine
Online ISSN : 1881-4751
Print ISSN : 0039-906X
ISSN-L : 0039-906X
Volume 58 , Issue 1
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Original
  • YOSHINORI KAGAYA, HIDETSUGU NISHIZONO, YASUNARI FUJII
    2009 Volume 58 Issue 1 Pages 55-62
    Published: February 01, 2009
    Released: May 01, 2009
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Dynamic knee valgus is considered a risk factor of noncontact ACL injuries. The aim of this study was to determine the association between hip and hindfoot dynamic alignment and dynamic knee valgus.
    This cross-sectional study involved 88 high school female basketball players (175 legs). Subjects performed single-leg squatting and drop landing which provided a hip-out distance (HOD) and a knee-in distance (KID) via 2D video images. Hip and hindfoot dynamic alignment was evaluated by a dynamic Trendelenburg test (DTT) and a heel-floor test (HFT), respectively, during squatting and landing.
    The DTT-positive group (dynamic hip mal-alignment with lower non-weightbearing pelvis) demonstrated greater HOD and KID values for both squatting (p<0.001) and landing (p<0.001) than the DTT-negative group. The HFT-positive group (5o or greater hindfoot valgus) demonstrated greater KID values for both squatting (p<0.01) and landing (p<0.001), but smaller HOD value for squatting (p<0.01) than the HFT-negative group.
    In conclusion, dynamic hip mal-alignment may be associated with both greater HOD and KID, but hindfoot valgus only with greater KID.
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