A survey was conducted to 270 refugees (sampled from the nine refugee camps in Kobe, Ashiya and Nishinomiya) to find out their responses to the rationed meals. The findings were as follows: 1. The refugees evaluated the rationed meals as “poor” . There was always a plenty of leftovers after the meals, because the menus were monotonous and many of the dishes were fried or salty (i. e., pickled). Also, rice tended to be solid and many of the foods were cold. 2. The menus consisted mostly of hamburgers or sausages or meats and lacked vegitables or fishes, which many of the refugees wanted to eat. 3. The refugees absorbed too much fat and protein and hence their nuturition was far from well-balanced. 4. Food manufacturers are urged to supply more vegitables, salad, potatoes, or beandishes.
Seventeen percent of the refugees interviewed in our previous study were patients who took special meals and (63) percent were those whose age was 50 or over. This study identified the problems that those refugees were faced with. The findings are as follows: 1. The patient refugees and middle-aged or elderly refugees ate only the foods that were suitable to their body. Only a few had three meals a day. Especially the patient refugees preferred special meals (less salty foods and more vegitables) and wished to use a prefabricated kitchen if there were any. 2. Special meals should be provided for the patient and elderly refugees. A prefabricated kitchen or mobile kitchen should also be set up for them. 3. Those who were satisfied with the rationed meals tended to be in good health, whereas those who were dissatisfied with the meals tended to be in poor health. 4. It is necessary to promote a system of more nutritious food for refugees and to set up a better distribution system of the meals rationed.