Until the Education Act of 1988 England did not have a National Curriculum. Teachers were free to teach what they wanted until the age of 14. After that they prepared students for the examinations provided by the school examination Boards. GCSE (replacing O-level in 1988) at age 16 and A-level or A-S level at 18. In 1988 the National Curriculum was implemented from (5-16) years in State Schools. There is a wide provision of examinations, both academic and vocational, for the (16-19) age group for the increasing number of students staying on at this level.
Faced with the ecologic crisis a lot of educators demand,that science should not be taught for itsself, but in close connection with its effects on life conditions and life situations. "Situated learning" tries to do so. But science as a highly organized system needs instructionally designed teaching units,too. Both types of learning are to combine in the curriculum.
This paper attempts to describe the Science and Technology Program for the secondary schools in the Philippines. The minimum learning competencies for the secondary school Science and Technology Program aims to develop the learners' competencies, skills, and values relating to science. It is desired that with these, the learner can become an active citizen in nation building.