This experimental study examines customers' preferences to different proportions of Obikami, or a wrapping band, used to wrap traditional Japanese confections. Obikami sizes, varying from covering a whole package to stringing a package, are usually determined based on the personal experiences and feeling of producers, sellers and customers. Little research has investigated customers' preferences and tastes from academic perspectives. To address this gap, the present research exposed experiment participants to 10 different aspect ratios of Obikami attached to a packages set in a certain conditions. The experiment found the numerical regularities of visual objects based on participants' sensual responses. The respondents tended to prefer a package box most when Obikami covered the 60%-70% of its whole surface. Conversely, the respondents showed less preference to Obikami with narrow widths attached to packages in the set conditions. Given the potentially strong visual effects of Obikami, the findings suggest that the different sizes of Obikami can be applied to designing packages effectively.
Although there is a variety of payment methods available besides cash in the world such as credit card, electronic money, debit card, QR code, or remittance via software application, cash payment still remains dominant in Japan. As a reason, it was pointed out that various factors could cause such a situation, but we did not determine people's psychological response how they select a payment method with what reasons yet.
Thus, we conducted interviews with 10 people in the present study and then analyzed the results on the basis of the Grounded Theory Approach. As a result, it was clarified that people might possibly have a certain way of process for decision of payment method, 4 conceptual categories of payment, and behavioral principle of payment. Finally, we proposed new design for a payment method to develop cashless society.
The objective of this study is to clarify the number, direction, position, course and consciousness of pedestrians in utilized street space and redeveloped street space. We focused on a pedestrian precinct as utilized street space and movement of mobile protective fences as redeveloped street space.
In order to clarify number, direction and position in a pedestrian precinct, we conducted the observation survey. From observation survey on a pedestrian precinct, we clarified that number of pedestrians in sidewalk increase or decrease compared to the normal situation and the difference in the northsouth direction of the pedestrian becomes small. In addition, the features of each location was grasped about positions. We grasp the features about the pedestrians' position of each shooting location.
In order to grasp effect on movement of mobile protective fences, we conducted course survey, attitude survey and observation survey. From the survey results, it was revealed that the pedestrian route was consolidated into one and taken a short route. Consciousness grasped the correlation in the movement of movable security fence and the evaluation of street space. In addition, it was revealed that the position of the pedestrian was widely.
This study explores how students from science/engineering and art universities collaborating in an innovation workshop perceive and utilise space. Relationships between the physical environment and spaces where discussion developed were hypothesised, based on the results of a participant survey. Student's behaviors and conversations were analysed and a hypothesis developed for the relationship between students' movements and the emergence of communication and discussion contents. White boards (prepared to encourage externalisation of thinking) became the starting point for communication which activated discussions. As thinking expanded, the space area also spread out - including windows, walls and pillars. Participants recognised the workshop space and moving around the space as tools for thinking and as triggers for the emergence of communication.
This paper discusses the style of Kimono by the characteristics of the doll Kimono. They are free from the theory of Kimono and considered to be made simpler and more characteristic than human Kimono, so they may show the Kimono-style obviously. We deal with 17 different Kimonos made for a 1/6 scale fashion doll called Jenny. We reproduced them to observe the shapes and compared them with human Kimono. As the results of observation, we focused on the structure for the material cloth, difficulty degree to make, the ratio of the width of each parts, and the relationships with the doll's body shape. In conclusion, the design elements of Kimono-style are the constant form common to all doll kimonos, the ratio of the width of each parts limited by the width of the cloth, and the use of material cloth to reduce waste. In addition, the doll kimonos featured in this study were produced with various interpretations based on these elements.
In this research, we aimed to investigate the efficacy of newly developed Latin typefaces in a kyokashotai typeface, or Japanese textbook typeface, UD Digital Kyokashotai, which was designed as a typeface that takes into consideration the reading difficulties associated with learning disabilities such as developmental dyslexia.
We conducted rapid reading tasks regarding objective measures of readability (duration of reading, number of errors, and number of self-corrections) and investigation regarding subjective measures (preferences) of readability of 16 readers with dyslexia and 19 readers without dyslexia to clarify the readability of 5 different Latin typefaces.
The results indicate that typefaces affect both objective and subjective measures of readability, and readers with dyslexia make fewer errors and are more comfortable reading in Latin typefaces in UD Digital Kyokashotai compared to other typefaces.