Journal of Animal Clinical Medicine
Online ISSN : 1881-1574
Print ISSN : 1344-6991
ISSN-L : 1344-6991
Volume 17 , Issue 2
Showing 1-4 articles out of 4 articles from the selected issue
Original Article
  • Arata NAGAI, Shouji HAMAOKA, Kenji EBATA, Souichirou FUJIOKA, Tohru FU ...
    2008 Volume 17 Issue 2 Pages 37-43
    Published: June 20, 2008
    Released: April 28, 2009
    In order to discuss the usefulness of pressure-volume (PV) loops to foresee and prevent accidents during anesthesia, and to make better use of PV loops for respiration control, we recorded PV loops in 78 outpatient dogs without serious respiratory disease and one healthy dog under anesthesia, and compared the shapes of the PV loops. We found specific changes in PV loops caused by fighting, air leaks, kinks in the endotracheal tube, compression of the chest or abdomen, a prone position, and conditions of ventilation. There was a strong correlation between dynamic compliance and body weight, but no correlation between specific compliance and age, although there was a tendency toward correlation between specific compliance and body condition score.
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  • Yukiko ASAI, Kazuaki TAKASHIMA, Yoshihisa YAMANE
    2008 Volume 17 Issue 2 Pages 45-51
    Published: June 20, 2008
    Released: April 28, 2009
    During the ten years from 1997 through 2006, cases of mamushi bites in 48 dogs and 4 cats were surveyed retrospectively regarding the season of occurrence, time of day, place, breed of dog, the number and sites of bites, clinical signs, results of blood tests and bacterial cultures, treatment, frequency of consultation, and final dermal condition at the last visit. Mamushi bites mostly occurred while walking at night from August to October. Mild swelling was found in almost all dogs, but there was one severe case in a toy-breed dog. In cats, there were fewer victims, and the clinical signs were all mild. In 12 of 17 dogs, especially in toy-breed dogs (5 of 6), blood tests were abnormal. In the most severe cases, hemolysis, anemia, hypoalbminemia, electrolyte imbalance, abnormality of serum biochemistry and coagulation profile, and increase in white blood cells were found. Antimicrobial-resistant bactaria were also found in this case. As small dogs tend to become severe, careful monitoring is needed especially when toy-breed dogs show abnormality of systemic clinical signs and/or blood tests.
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