This study examined the mechanisms influencing alcohol consumption in young adults by focusing on the interrelations among sensation seeking, parents' drinking, and peers' drinking. College students (109 males and 89 females) completed a self-administered questionnaire. The results of structural equation modeling revealed that 1) the effect of sensation seeking on drinking was mediated by peer influence, 2) the three variables were significantly related to drinking, and 3) sensation seeking had the strongest influence on drinking.
The Interpersonal Stressor Scale (ISS) was developed based on Takahashi and Matsui (2009), and its reliability and validity were examined. In Study 1, analysis of data from 204 undergraduates indicated that the scale consisted of 4 subscales: incur-rejection, incur-aggression, aggression, and rejection. The scale had sufficient internal consistency (α=.75∼.85). In Study 2, 200 undergraduates completed the newly developed ISS, and the data analyses showed sufficient construct validity of the scale.
This research examined whether participants formed an implicit or explicit preference for studied compound kanji words. First the participants (N=30) studied five compound words. Second, they rated the studied and five not-studied compound words explicitly. Finally, the participants performed an Implicit Association Test (IAT; Greenwald, McGhee, & Schwartz, 1998) that combined a recognition judgment (old vs. new) and a valence judgment (pleasant vs. unpleasant). The results showed an implicit preference for studied words, but not an explicit preference.
The Multi-dimensional Privacy Scale for Internet Users (MPS-I) was developed for the multidimensional assessment of concerns about information privacy, and its validity and reliability were examined. In Study 1, a web-based survey was conducted with 1,036 Internet users. Factor analysis of responses to the scale revealed four dimensions of concerns about one's information privacy: Autobiographical Information (11 items), Demographical Information (8 items), Identifiable Information (4 items), and Password and Credit Information (3 items). In Study 2, 119 undergraduates completed a paper-based questionnaire, and the relationships of the MPS-I to privacy preferences and self-disclosure tendencies were examined. The results suggested that the MPS-I had sufficient validity and was highly reliable.
This study investigated the problem-solving process using distraction in interpersonal stress situations among undergraduates. Undergraduate participants (N=223) were instructed to recall a recent personal experience of being depressed by an interpersonal stressor, and then completed a questionnaire which measured concentration on distraction, positive mood, problem-solving behavior, distraction frequency, rumination, and knowledge of effective activity. The results of path analysis suggested that concentration enhanced problem-solving through increasing positive mood as previous study. Knowledge of effective activity was an important key to enhance the effect of distraction on problem-solving through enhancing the frequency of distraction and reducing rumination.