衛生動物
Online ISSN : 2185-5609
Print ISSN : 0424-7086
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選択された号の論文の3件中1~3を表示しています
原著
  • 坂西 梓里, 谷川 力, 木村 悟朗, 佐々木 健, 川上 泰
    2018 年 69 巻 4 号 p. 171-176
    発行日: 2018/12/25
    公開日: 2019/01/25
    ジャーナル フリー

    A survey of the helminth infection in brown rats (Rattus norvegicus) captured in 2017 at Chuo Ward, Tokyo, was carried out. Of the 20 rats examined, 13 (65%) were infected with helminths. The prevalence of helminths was as follows: Capillaria hepatica (35%), cysticerci of Taenia taeniaeformis (20%), Nippostrongylus brasiliensis (20%), Orientostrongylus ezoensis (20%), Heterakis spumosa (20%), Dioctophyma renale (15%), Vampirolepis nana (5%). The helminths were identified based on morphological features, and molecular analyses of the nuclear 18S ribosomal DNA, ITS region, and mitochondrial 12S ribosomal DNA sequences. From the standpoint of public health, it should be noted that 4 helminth species, namely C. hepatica, T. taeniaeformis, D. renale, V. nana were capable of infecting humans. In addition, C. hepatica and V. nana can be accidentally transmitted to humans by direct ingestion of embryonated eggs from rat feces. This is the third confirmed report of D. renale from R. norvegicus in Japan. A total of 11 worms were recovered from the abdominal cavities of 3 brown rats. In this rare case, we describe the morphological features of the adult worms and eggs and determined the 18S ribosomal DNA sequence of D. renale.

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