Using the air temperature records observed at 290 stations and the precipitation records at 350 stations, a climatic division was made from the mesoclimatological viewpoint. The method employed was made from the mesoclimatological viewpoint. The method employed was same to the previous paper on the climatic division of Kanto District, which was appeared in the Annals of the Tohoku Geographical Association vol. 19, No. 4, 165-171, 1967. Figs. 1 and 2 show the divisions by air temperature and precipitation respectively. They were superimposed into a map as giving a climatic division in Fig. 3. Chugoku District was divided into five major areas and 35 subareas and Shikoku District four major areas and 27 subareas. Climatic characteristics for each subareas were described in the text.
The main purpose of this paper is to make clear the locational pattern of hot-spring resorts and its changing process. The author conducted a geographical investigation in many (about 180) hot-spring resorts in Japan. After the World War II, the tourism industry in Japan has remarkably developed. Many sight-seeing resorts are in rapid progress, above all, the development of the hot-spring resorts is striking. It is a general tendency that Many tourists visit famous hot-spring resorts. Hot-spring resorts today may be classified into several types according to their processes of development and regional conditions: that is, the international resort, the national resort, the local resort, and the neighbourhood resort. Spar resorts which come under the categories of the international and the national resort types are more attractive than those of other types. Accommodation capacities were remarkably centralized in famous hot-spring resorts, Owing to the technological improvement of hot-spring resorts, systems for hot-spring water supply are now being improved, that is, I ) hot-spring heating system: 2 ) extension of hot-spring water pipes; 3 ) chemical improvement of hot-spring pipes: and, 4 ) boring operation. Consequently, location of hot-spring hotels has come to be less limited to a certain place. Hot spring Hotel sites tend to be scattered here and there. That is to say, location of spar hotels has changed from the spar sites to other beautiful scenic seasides, lakesides, and hilltops. Results of the relationship between the development of system for hot-spring water supply and the changes in location of hot-spring resorts are illustrated in Figs. 1-12. The development of hot-spring resorts is one of characteristic phenomena of the recent Tourism in Japan.
East Pakistan, that has a hot boundary against West Bengal and is situated separately from West Pakistan, has made pains taking efforts for building up her country since her independence. The Economical Development Plan of East Pakistan under the planned schedule to increase her national products through modernization of industries from the self-sufficient agriculture, is now in the Third Plan Period: The development stage of the manufacturing industry has proceeded from processing their agricultural products and energy resources in its early step on to heavy and chemical industries, though they are still in a small scale. But big expectation for increasing employment in them was disappointed. The modernization tempo of agriculture is still slow. Chittagong, whose population is 400, OOO, is the second biggest city next to Dacca in East Pakistan, and has the only foreign trade port in East Pakistan. Concentration of manufacturing industries in Chittagong before the Second Plan was not evident, but after locating "The Iron & Steel Works" in the period of the Second Plan Program, the importance of Chittagong in the regional pattern of manufacturing industries of the country has increased. Manufacturing industries concentrated here may be classified into the following three groups: a) daily necessaries and food processing industries that developed before the Plan started, b) processing industries of local agricultural products and resources after the Independence, c) heavy and chemical industries located in the latest date. Most of (a) group are very small household industries, while (b) and (c) are comparatively large. The distribution patterns of the factories under these three categories vary: in (a) group most of the factories are in the old city area, in (b) group in new industrial areas around the old city area, and in (c) group only in the port side. A similar pattern of the development and distribution of the manufacturing industries in Chittagong can be pointed out in the new developing industrial centers of South and South-East Asia; for instance, in the Port Side Area of Bangkok in Thailand, Prai Industrial Area in Malaysia, Jurong Industrial Estate in Singapore, etc. In future these industrial areas will have their influences on their surrounding rural areas and grow into the national and economic centers of those countries.