地理科学
Online ISSN : 2432-096X
Print ISSN : 0286-4886
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論説
  • アデウミ イフェオルワ ボランレ, フンク カロリン
    原稿種別: 論説
    71 巻 (2016) 4 号 p. 185-205
    公開日: 2018/03/28
    ジャーナル フリー

    世界遺産登録とエコツールズム観光地としての定着は屋久島に観光者だけでなく,観光産業で働く移住者も引きつけた。本論文は観光産業の関係者がエコツーリズムをどのように認識し,また,出身地,居住歴,事業所の立地場所,事業所の種類と開業年がその認識にどのように影響するか分析している。そのため,観光産業関係者のアンケート調査を行った(回答者97人)。回答者の約半分は屋久島外の出身であったが,この割合が屋久島が世界遺産に登録された2003年以降に開業した事業者では高く,また,土地や建物の所有を前提とする宿泊業ではやや低かった。回答者は経済的な効果やコミュニティにもたらす影響に基づいて,エコツーリズムを高く評価している。一方,資源の過剰利用,ゴミ問題や登山道の破壊がエコツーリズムの課題としてあげられた。エコツーリズムの影響に対する認識は出身地,事業所の種類と開業年により異なっているが,立地場所と居住歴は影響していないことが明らかになった。

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研究ノート
  • 阿部 康久, 華 夏
    原稿種別: 研究ノート
    71 巻 (2016) 4 号 p. 206-222
    公開日: 2018/03/28
    ジャーナル フリー

    In this study, we targeted white-collar workers employed in private enterprises in the city of Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, and examined the characteristics of their residential patterns and population movements, with a focus on attributes such as birthplace and gender and whether they lived together with their parents. We conducted a questionnaire survey and follow up interviews based on it. Company offices were selected for the survey, and needed to satisfy 3 criteria: 1) They were located in central Hanzhou; 2) They were private companies; 3) They were head offices of the companies and the ratio of management positions in the companies was high. We distributed the questionnaire form to these head offices and conducted interviews with five human resources personnel who served as the liaison for this survey in each company. Results of the survey were as follows.

    Concerning the academic background of the survey respondents, 87.2% graduated from specialized colleges or above standard. This is a high rate considering China's college enrollment rate was 23% in 2007. Concerning commuting distance and time, women tended to travel for shorter distances and time than men overall. One reason was that, a high percentage of men used their own cars to commute. Also, for women, it can be considered that they had to choose workplaces near their residences when finding employment. Moreover, there were those who chose areas close to their workplace when moving.

    Another survey question asked respondents who had moved their reasons for doing so. As for the birthplace of the survey respondents, most male and female respondents were born in Hangzhou. The results revealed that few respondents had left the city for college or employment. Also notable was the living pattern in which parents lived with the respondent or close to them. Among the results was the finding that relatively fewer men than women were born in regions other than Hangzhou. In contemporary Chinese cities, men tend to bear a heavy economic burden after marriage, as a result of purchasing a home and automobile, for example. This was also the case in Hangzhou. According to interviews, the reason that fewer men than women had moved from other regions was that when single men were employed in Hangzhou, they often returned to their birthplace when they became marriage-minded. In contrast, because the economic load as described above for women is light when they marry, they remain in the same city. There are many cases of women continuing to live and work in Hangzhou after marrying a Hanzhou man.

    Also, while it was assumed that the survey respondents had positions that allowed them to earn relatively high incomes in their companies, because housing expenses took up a large part of household expenditure, regardless of whether or not the respondent was born in Hangzhou, many of them lived with their parents even after marriage. The living pattern that many of them desired was "living close to their parents." However, in actuality, nearly half of the respondents said that they had no choice but to live with their parents.

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