The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of Kendo exercise on hemolysis. The subjects were eight healthy males belonging to a college Kendo club. They practiced Kendo 5.5 hours a day for 4 days at a summer training camp.Blood samples were collected before and after each day's practice during the training camp, and serum haptoglobin concentration and hematocyte components were measured. Serum haptoglobin concentrations decreased after one day's practice than before. Serum haptoglobin, blood hemoglobin concentration, erythrocyte count, and hematocrit value were significantly lower during the training camp than before the camp started. These results suggest that Kendo exercise enhances hemolysis.
Norrbotten Handicap Sports Federation (NHIF) Budokai in Sweden holds their spring camp in May every year. This camp is unique in that both disabled and non-disabled people participate and practice karate-do together. In May 2005, Hamasaki from the US and Inoshita from Japan were invited to teach at the camp by Mr. Pontus Johansson, the chief staff of the NHIF Budokai. The training was scheduled in four sessions by five group categories: Group 1=Children, Group 2=Adults with assistance, Group 3=Adults with physical disability, Group 4=Those with concentration disorder disabilities, and Group 5=Adults. There was only one disabled in the children's group.Group 2 had five participants who were all mentally handicapped. Although the authors found it difficult to motivate this group, accomplishing this task proved most rewarding. Group 4, who practiced at the same time as Group 2, was instructed by Mr. Niklas Bremer from the NHIF Budokai and Mr. Dan Johansson from the Sweden Wado-kai. Group 3 and Group 5, who practiced together, had two people who had difficulties in walking. All of the participants in Group 3 and Group 5, regardless of whether they were disabled or not, cooperated with each other, practiced to their best, and achieved the goal set for this camp. We observed how karate practice improves People's abilities and how disabled people live life in Sweden through karate-do; they fully enjoy their lives like any other human being. It was also impressive that all of the instructors, assistants, and parents understand the disabled people and help them not out of duty, but also with a sense of responsibility as a community member. This report describes the 2005 Spring Camp with details about the training content, goals and result of each session and group.