Japanese Journal of Phytopathology
Online ISSN : 1882-0484
Print ISSN : 0031-9473
ISSN-L : 0031-9473
Volume 82 , Issue 1
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    2016 Volume 82 Issue 1 Pages 1-18
    Published: 2016
    Released: March 17, 2016
    Since the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) took effect in December 1993, the Access and Benefit Sharing of genetic resources (ABS) has been intensively discussed with regard to sustainable use of those resources. In relation to this discussion among the countries that are suppliers and users of genetic resources, the Bonn Guideline on ABS in 2002 and the Nagoya Protocol in 2010 have been successively adopted to implement ABS rules. Another treaty, the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) has also been adopted. Based on the current situation, special care should be taken for handling genetic resources, especially accessing and utilizing ex situ conserved collections that exist in overseas countries. The sovereign right of the countries of origin on their genetic resources has been clearly recognized in the treaties. Prior Informed Consent (PIC) and Mutually Agreed Terms (MAT) are the most important requirements to access genetic resources. In this guide, significant and important points are explained in detail as they reflect the spirit and regulation of CBD, ITPGRFA and other related guidelines/protocols for practical contact with collaborators, authorities and correspondents in the countries of origin of the genetic resources and the actual handling of materials for phytopathological research.
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