Algebraic calculators are graphing calculators with a feature of computer algebra system. It can be said that we can solve mathematics only by pushing some keys of these calculators in technical colleges or universities. They also possess another feature, so we can make extensive use in engineering education. For example, we can use them for a basic education, a programming education, English education, and creative thinking tools for excellent students. In this paper, we will introduce the summary of algebraic calculators, then, consider how we utilize them in engineer education.
The purpose of this paper is to investigate how environmental problems are dealt with in engineering ethics and clarify the issues with it. First, the author presents three patterns of engineering ethics from the viewpoint of environmental problems. Second, the author examines these three patterns in terms of sustainable development and anthropocentrism and makes some suggestions about how environmental problems should be dealt with in engineering ethics.
Contemporary engineering ethics scholars deal with contesting several ethical theories without criticizing them radically and try to use them to solve ethical problems. In this paper I first show that a conflict between ethical theories is not superficial, and pragmatic methods are adopted in engineering ethics. Second, I claim that the way to deal with contesting ethical theories in contemporary engineering ethics has an unacceptable side which does not accord with my argument that a conflict between ethical theories is not superficial and pragmatic methods are adopted in engineering ethics. Finally, I conclude that this inconsistency in contemporary engineering ethics should be corrected to make contemporary engineering ethics consistent.
Nakahara Junzo is one of the leading engineers in the Meiji era who contributed the introduction and the construction of western style higher engineering education system after the Meiji restoration. He was born at Yamaga, Kumamoto Prefecture, in 1856. He learned at Kumamoto Yo-Gakko from 1871 to 1874. Then he entered Kohbu Dai-Gakko, one of the forerunners of the engineering departments of the University of Tokyo, in 1876 and graduated from this school in 1882. He served as the first principal of the Kumamoto Koto Kogyou Gakko, the first dean of the Faculty of Engineering, Kyushu Imperial University and the 7th president of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, respectively. In this report, it is summarized and evaluated about his contributions concerning the progress of the Japanese higher engineering education and practical researches done by him in the field of mechanical engineering.
In recent years, the necessity for education which helps to raise students′ motivation toward engineering has become acutely recognized. In response to this need, the Mechanical Engineering Department of Tokyo National College of Technology has been striving to increase its focus on education that nurtures creativity. This paper describes an educational trial which focuses on creative robot making. In particular, some educational innovations and their effects are presented. Based on favorable responses from students, this educational trial would seem to indicate that the methods employed have a positive effect on raising student motivation.
The rescue robot contest for junior high school students was created to give students an opportunity to design a robot to rescue the victims under large scale disasters. The activity was not only intended as an humanitarian project but also aiming at students to : (1) take the role of victims and imagining the situation from his or her perspective, (2) enhance thinking skills, creativity through the problem solving processes and, (3) work cooperatively in groups. From results of questionnaire for the participated students, important factors for further implementation as curriculum of technology education are implied.
In this report, examples of improved educations and the results by trinity (students, faculties, parent) at Kanazawa Technical College are addressed. Faculty Development activities which we are tackling are as follows. (1) Meeting for the presentation of educational results (2) Questionnaire (the subject of our investigation: students, faculties, graduate, companies) and career design (3) Meeting for the presentation of results analyzed of questionnaire (4) Open class mutually observed and criticized (5) Open class and experienced-base training and workshops in seminar house (6) Teacher and parent effectiveness training (7) Faculty Development-training camp (8) Submission of “the measures for improved education and the goal for the current year” and of “the report on the results” . We intend to report on the changes in the consciousness of the faculty and students which have been observed through the accumulation of the activities mentioned above.
A creative educational program for department of mechanical engineering using bipedal walking robot is introduced. For educating in the mechanical engineering, we focused on kinematics and dynamics about the robot. The educational program was tested for university freshmen for a great number of people of 100 scales. They were divided into 10 groups with 10 peoples. A bipedal walking robot “e-nuvo WALK ver. 3” and software for the robot was given for each group. Robotic floor exercise in two minutes after one minute presentation was given for each group as a challenge. Guidance of the robot, group work and competition were lectured in 6 weeks. In this paper, tools, equipment, preparation and execution of the educational program are introduced in detail.
From a lot of survey, it is obvious that most students in universities lose their desire for learning just after entering their universities. In order to solve this problem, we developed a novel educational tool for the students, named “The thinking method based on matrix diagram” . If they try hard with the help of this tool, they will be able to learn how to design and manage their splendid university lives in addition to get the basic knowledge and to improve their basic abilities. It is also found that they can earn the shared knowledge mutually after learning a common method, which supports to make them to improve their communication abilities drastically.
One of the important undertakings of student in laboratory education practiced in higher educational institutions, such as universities, is the development of technical communication skills based on training in technical writing for preparing not only theses but also papers to be submitted to society journals. However, technical writing is difficult for students who study at a technical university. Moreover, it might become a burden for the teaching staff, when a teaching staff trains many students. With the background of this situation, we have examined four effective methods described in this paper from year 2006. This paper describes the effects of practicing our four methods on the basis of the answers to questionnaires provided by students in years 2006 and 2007.
“Monotsukuri Education” has been practiced in Kobe City College of Technology since 1995. We have adopted “Consecutive method” during 1995-2006 years. In the consecutive method each group manufactures one work according to the fed theme. However, “Sharing method” was adopted for 2007-2008 years. It is a method of changing the group which takes charge of each process. We investigated about relationship of seven abilities and the processes of Monotsukuri in the sharing method. Moreover, we executed the questionnaire survey about the consecutive method and the sharing method. As a result, it was clarified that the sharing method was suitable for improving the abilities of communications and designs compared with the consecutive method.
Merits to show syllabuses to students are as follows. Students can understand the flow of learning and receive class smoothly. Teachers also can give them learning guidance smoothly. Therefore it is indicated that the syllabus is the first step of quality assurance of education. The aims of this paper are to analyze the contents of whole Kumamoto university′s syllabuses in 2008 and to classify methods of assessment. Consequently, the progress of classwork was clearly described, but the concreteness of a goal and the methods of assessment were not clearly described in most of class. The contents of syllabus have been improved after JABEE accreditation which the department of Engineering is working on. Therefore JABEE examination worked the improvement of syllabuses. The methods of assessment are classified roughly under two groups. One group mainly sets a periodical examination, another group mainly gives exercises and assignments.