In this paper, I address the roles and responsibilities of the faculty members involved in the education of human resources in the engineering field at higher education facilities while briefly overviewing the trends in higher education carried out under the educational policy developed along the lines suggested in the recent report by the Central Council for Education. I give examples of actual practices carried out by the Japanese Society for Engineering Education, which leads engineering education and education for engineers in Japan. Moreover, the ideal directions of the Hokuriku-Shin′etsu Society for Engineering Education (more concretely, the integration of the membership system with that of the Japanese Society for Engineering Education and revision of the annual membership fee) are clarified considering the comments from individual members in the Hokuriku Shin′etsu area. Furthermore, the transition of accredited programs of the Japan Accreditation Board for Engineering Education in response to the internationalization of engineering education and the status of education in this area are also presented.
The entrance examination for Japan′s university lays a great emphasis on multiple-choice questions, so most of high school students are said to be taught in a way that memorizing the formulae mechanically is the shorter route to high score in test than ever. The best cure for rote memorizing and formulism is to stimulate the intellectual curiosity of undergraduate students newly entering universities. We must make classes more appealing to the freshmen if we are to draw out and cultivate their intellectual curiosity. In Shinshu University, every affiliated faculty assists the Center of Development of Higher Education Programs by sending professors to give the Liberal Arts Lectures from special field of their own. This paper presents the very constructive trial to draw out the intellectual curiosity of the science course students in Shinshu University. Discussions are made on the role of Lecture “Mathematics and Wasan Culture” in stimulating student′s interest. Wasan, the traditional Japanese Mathematics made amazing development as very advanced mathematics equivalent to Western Mathematics. It was widely applied to several technical areas such as map manufacture, astronomical observation and reclamation construction in the era of Edo Period. Especially, an analytical technique in search of a center of gravity of an object is explained by many old Wasan mathematicians. In this lecture, the author used Wasan Problems as the teaching materials. As one of means to improve the analyzing sense of science phenomena, the students learn the old technique used by Wasanka who did not know any formulae of Western Mathematics.
Kanazawa Institute of Technology established Engineering Foundations Education Center (EFEC) in 2000. At the almost same time, the Math. and Science Education Study Meeting (MSESM) was organized as an engine for organized team-activities of EFEC. The MSESM has investigated various problems concerning the engineering foundation education and found out various measures against them. Those measures have been applied to the curriculum of the Engineering Foundations Education and its learning support programs. Herein, the chronological data of education effects brought by the above from 2005 to 2008 are presented and the current team-activities of MSESM including Faculty Development (FD) activities of EFEC are also reported.
This paper reports two lectures of the first year experience, ′Lecture on Life in Campus and Society′ and ′Freshman Seminar′ and discusses their effects. Both lectures have been given freshmen of the school of mechanical engineering, Kanazawa University in H20 spring term. The former lecture is aimed at freshmen to keep on a proper way in both social and college life. It consists of normal class and e-learning system lectures. E-learning system examination requires students to review the whole text book and that seems to have brought better results in the survey. The latter seminar is aimed at freshmen to get active and self-disciplined learning way through their investigation, discussion, presentation, writing work, and so on.
Data on students′ motives for taking a class in fundamental physics for engineering in academic 2007 have been analyzed using principal-component analysis. It is found that the first and second components of the motive data can be interpreted as a comprehensive desire to learn physics and how passive students are when they decide to take the class, respectively. Correlation between the data on the motives and those on the student evaluation of the instruction is analyzed by multiple-regression analysis, revealing that the first principal component of the motive data significantly explains the evaluation. Furthermore, multiple-regression analysis shows a statistically significant but only weak correlation between the motive data and exam scores.
In order to develop self-affirmation and confidence, all the third year students in the Department of Electronics and Information Engineering at Ishikawa National College of Technology have been assigned to take a qualifying examination : the Digital Technology Certificate Examination, which is supported by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. The students who have passed it have gained self-assurance, while the unsuccessful candidates need close attention. This paper discusses the effects of the examination, which was introduced as an incentive for the students to have interest in the specialized course.
This paper describes the effectiveness of an advanced pre-graduation work seminar for proceeding to final graduation research by assigning fourth-year students topics based on the history of technology. This seminar aims the development of student′s capability for taking actions by their own thought who has no time to commence full scale graduation research because of employment activities. In fiscal 2008, 5 students are provided with advanced instruction how to approach research work in numerical analysis by given a theme of cylindrical mirror anamorphoses. The reason to select anamorphoses as theme is that a cylindrical mirror is easier to arrange for a mirror play. The geometry of cylindrical mirror anamorphoses is not really quite complex, but simple approximation methods have been used to draw images spread out in a circular region around the mirror. Although this method gives images that are a little close to being mathematically correct, it is necessary for the students learning engineering to understand the mirror anamorphoses from a view point of optics. This paper discusses the fundamental mirror optics and perspective drawing technique, and then refers to a further discussion about engineering education of a history of optics toys and computer simulation technique of cylinder mirror anamorphosis.
A new educational program was introduced in Faculty of Engineering, University of Fukui, aiming at producing students with full of creativity and positive attitude. In this program, the students across the engineering departments and academic years form small groups, and each team works on an interdisciplinary and integrated project. The professors and academic staff participate in each project as an advisor/facilitator. A student can join the program at any academic year when he or she thinks it necessary. The effectiveness of the program was assessed through the inquiry and hearing from the students, alumni, teachers, business organizations for which the alumni are employed. According to the survey, the program is effective to develop various important human skills, such as independent mind-set, accountability and creativity.
In this paper, we analyzed the features of the adoption strategy in creating Japanese technological terms, by comparing with those of other Asian countries. In addition, we investigated how those technological terms are used differently in each engineering field. As a result, in adopting technological terms, phonetic adoption is found more often in Japan (especially in the new research fields like IT) . In contrast, semantic adoption is found more often in China and Vietnam. It is also found that architecture field shares many terms with civil engineering, and electrical field shares many terms with communication. Those findings are quite useful to the engineering education for foreign students.
The Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan (IEEJ) has established the rules of practice for its members recently, based on its code of ethics enacted in 1998. In this paper, first, the characteristics of the IEEJ 1998 ethical code are explained in detail compared to the other ethical codes for other fields of engineering. Secondly, the contents which shall be included in the modern code of ethics for electrical engineers are discussed. Thirdly, the newly-established rules of practice and the modified code of ethics are presented. Finally, results of questionnaires on the new ethical code and rules which were answered on May 23, 2007, by 51 electrical and electronic students of the University of Fukui are shown.
It is both necessary and very significant to provide young corporate engineers and university students with opportunity to learn engineering ethics systematically. We have discussed that the awareness about engineering ethics will be brought up through the following four stages : (1) seed-stage, where no one knows the concept of engineering ethics, (2) awareness-stage, where people have some knowledge of engineering ethics, (3) instruction-stage, where people learn systematically engineering ethics, and (4) fixing-stage, where engineering-ethical consciousness has taken root. These above stages should be taken into consideration to make a curriculum of engineering ethics education. This paper also describes a few issues. For example, the degree of raising awareness cannot be evaluated so accurately through scores of fragmentary examinations.
We report the results and further problems on what we call the learn-by-doing engineering career education program which has been conducted for three years by the grant-in-aid adapted in 2006 by MEXT of Japanese government. In the paper, we attempt to estimate the processes of the internship programs which were supported by “A Network of 100 Wisdom” , an organization outside the university. In this year, we have accomplished the construction of three kinds of internship programs, which have been combined one after another. We confirm that we have given the university students strong motivations toward the technical studies through these practical internship programs.
The Suwa area is the typical place of precision processing. Since it corresponds to diversification of company needs, or the speed of technical innovation, the talented people who have problem solution capability are called for strongly. In this paper, new education program for engineering graduate courses and the achievements are described. In order to raise the engineer who can revive the industry in the future Suwa region, the new education program for industry-university cooperation performing practical personnel training was developed. The practice must be requiring to the feature of this new program. Since this program was created, the talented people who have problem solution capability were able to be educated.
“Bringing-up of basic skills for member of society by the combination of theory and practice and construction of visible evaluation system” education program that University of Toyama had proposed was adopted for the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry in 2008. The feature of bringing-up of the ability in this education program efficiently brings up basic skills for member of society by learning the method for bringing up ability by the lecture before lessons, and practicing it at each lesson. Moreover, the feature of the evaluation of basic skills for member of society is making visible of the achievement level of the ability by self-evaluating the change of the ability element at each lesson, and graphing.
In 2007, Kanazawa Technical College was designated by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology as an institute on a Project to the Cultivation of Practical Engineers by Cooperative Education and is to complete the project. Our project aims at accomplishing “Education Program Development and Practice for Cultivating Future Factory Managers Beginning at Age 16” , with the object of the cooperative project by local businesses, Ishikawa Prefecture and Kanazawa Institute of Technology. This paper reports as follows. (1) Outline of this project (2) Results from the project we have tackled. (3) Safety education in order to begin mechanical hands-on training at the first grade.
According to our feasibility study in 2005, many of small and medium-sized companies in and around Toyama city asked their young engineers for originality and strong will to try and solve problems positively in their workplaces. These skills have a lot in common with “Basic Competencies of Employees” advocated by the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, Japan. Since Toyama National College of Technology has an accumulated educational know-how to nurture “Basic Competencies of Employees” , we have applied this to develop a course of training programs for young engineers. Through four year′s practice and improvement, we have established and evaluated this training course. We show the details of our course in this report.
Maintenance jobs at coin parking places (CP) are very important for keeping trouble free operation. Such maintenance jobs include special inspection at the initiation of new CP and ordinal maintenance works. In order to level up the skill of maintenance people in the company, education of the basic knowlege of electricity, facility and maintenance skills are required. We made an original text for maintenance people, and practiced education by use of web conference system, because they are distributed in whole country, This paper describes a content of text on fundamental knowledge of electricity, facility of coin parking system and trouble experiences, and also a practice of remote education using web conference system. Problems of remote education which were found by practice and the future education plan of practical skill are also described.
Faculty of engineering, Shinshu University brought up eco-mind of students by cooperation activity to help activation of environment protection of Saku branch of Nagano Association for Conserving Environment. Result of being active of the cooperation activity is following three points; growth of eco-mind of students, promotion of environmental management activity of an area company, construction of cooperation between companies by activity of students. The student learned most about environmental activity, business, society, region through this activity. The field of vision and the skill of students improved remarkably in this activity front and back.
From 2006, Nagaoka National College of Technology (NNCT) , Niigata Industrial Creation Organization (NICO) and Society of Embedded Software Skill Acquisition for Managers and Engineers (SESSAME) began a joint training program for embedded systems development engineers. The courses consist of a basic course, a practical course, an intermediate course and PBL course according to ability of student. The training curriculum of the courses is planed corresponding to ETSS in cooperation with IPA-SEC. In this paper, the content of the training program for embedded system development engineers is described and the results are discussed. In addition, the application of teaching materials which were developed in this project can now be used to benefit the students and instructors of NNCT.
In this paper, a practical education in engineering is discussed. The educational activities include two programs ; one is a practical educational program for students in a graduate school of engineering, and another is a practical prototype-production support program. In the practical educational program, which is called SOUGYOUGATA program, students study a practical knowledge and skill in a kind of MOT program, exercise of planning and production of a prototype, and an internship. In the practical prototype-production support program called Incubation Lab. & Factory, skilled workers in a neighboring factories supports researchers and students in their production of prototypes. These programs aim to create practical prototypes and minds of students and researchers.