Internal Medicine
Online ISSN : 1349-7235
Print ISSN : 0918-2918
ISSN-L : 0918-2918
Volume 51 , Issue 5
Showing 1-15 articles out of 15 articles from the selected issue
EDITORIAL
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
  • Masayuki Ishida, Motoi Suzuki, Akitsugu Furumoto, Yoshiko Tsuchihashi, ...
    2012 Volume 51 Issue 5 Pages 455-460
    Published: 2012
    Released: March 01, 2012
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS
    Objective The advantage of transbronchial biopsy (TBB) using endobronchial ultrasonography (EBUS) with a guide sheath (GS) over TBB without EBUS guidance was investigated in this study.
    Materials and Methods A retrospective chart review was conducted at Nagasaki University Hospital, Japan. Data were collected from all cases of peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs) undergoing either EBUS-GS-guided TBB or TBB without EBUS guidance in our department from December 2003 through November 2009. The diagnostic yield in each group was compared, after adjustment for other factors.
    Results In total 110 PPLs were investigated in 102 patients: 65 (59.1%) were examined with EBUS-GS-guided TBB (EBUS-GS group) and 45 (40.9%) were TBB without EBUS guidance (non-EBUS group). Both procedures were performed under x-ray fluoroscopy. Basic characteristics were similar between the two groups. Of all EBUS examined lesions, 53 (81.5%) were visualized by EBUS. The diagnostic yields in EBUS-GS group and non-EBUS group were 64.6% and 46.7%, respectively (p=0.08). Adjusting for size and location of lesions, the yield of EBUS-GS guidance was 1.46 (95% confidence interval 1.03 to 2.05) times higher than without EBUS guidance. When the lesion was visualized by EBUS, the diagnostic yield ratio was further increased to 1.63 (95% CI 1.16 to 2.27).
    Conclusion EBUS-GS-guided TBB demonstrates a higher diagnostic yield than TBB without EBUS guidance.
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