Internal Medicine
Online ISSN : 1349-7235
Print ISSN : 0918-2918
ISSN-L : 0918-2918
Volume 55 , Issue 15
Showing 1-42 articles out of 42 articles from the selected issue
EDITORIAL
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
  • Kenji Sadamatsu, Yasuhiro Nakano
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 15 Pages 1943-1946
    Published: August 01, 2016
    Released: August 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

    Objective The aim of this study was to investigate whether the use of low frame rate fluoroscopy at 7.5 frames per second during coronary intervention could reduce radiation exposure in Japanese patients.

    Methods From December 10, 2014 to March 20, 2015, 84 consecutive patients with coronary artery disease who underwent coronary intervention in our institution were retrospectively collected and then divided into two groups: the LR group (fluoroscopy at 7.5 frames per second) and the OR group (fluoroscopy at 15 frames per second), according to the frame rate of fluoroscopy that was used in their treatment.

    Results There were no differences in the patient backgrounds or the procedural characteristics of the two groups. Although there were no differences in the contrast volume or fluoroscopy time, the total air kerma at the interventional reference point, which is used to monitor the patient's radiation dose, was significantly lower in the LR group than in the OR group (701.4±427.9 vs. 936.8±623.9 mGy, p=0.02).

    Conclusion Low frame rate fluoroscopy at 7.5 frames per second is safe and feasible for use during coronary interventions and an easy and useful strategy for reducing the radiation to which patients are exposed during coronary intervention.

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  • Emi Oishi, Satoko Sakata, Takuya Tsuchihashi, Mitsuhiro Tominaga, Koji ...
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 15 Pages 1947-1952
    Published: August 01, 2016
    Released: August 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

    Objective The purpose of the present study was to assess the prevalence of orthostatic hypotension (OH) and elucidate its associations with the demographic characteristics and the prognosis in elderly subjects with dementia who visited a hospital for elderly daycare.

    Methods A total of 64 outpatients (44 females) with a mean age of 84±6 years who visited a hospital for daycare were enrolled in the study. The prevalence of OH and demographic characteristics were examined. Then, the subjects were followed up for 1 year. The blood pressure was measured in the supine position and immediately, 1, 3 and 5 minutes after standing. Poor outcome measures included death, hospitalization for any reason, and admission to a nursing home or geriatric facility.

    Results OH was present in 17 patients (26.6%). The presence of OH was associated with a higher supine systolic blood pressure. The increase in heart rate in the standing position was also reduced in subjects with OH compared with those without. The presence of OH was associated with faster time in the timed up-and-go test compared with those without OH. During the follow-up period, 22 patients (34.4%) had a poor prognosis, of which 8 (36.4%) had OH, which tended to be higher than those with a favorable prognosis. The event-free survival rate appeared to be lower in subjects with OH than in those without.

    Conclusion OH is relatively common in frail elderly patients with dementia, and it also appears to be associated with a poor prognosis.

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  • Yoshinari Enomoto, Naoshi Ito, Tadashi Fujino, Mahito Noro, Takanori I ...
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 15 Pages 1953-1958
    Published: August 01, 2016
    Released: August 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

    Objective Electrical cardioversion (EC) is associated with an increased risk of thrombotic events in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). Patients who experience AF for a period of >48 hours therefore require adequate anticoagulation therapy for at least 3 weeks before and 4 weeks after EC. While the guidelines address the management of vitamin K antagonists (VKAs), there are limited data on the use of novel oral anticoagulants (NOAC). One NOAC, rivaroxaban, has a rapid onset of action and might therefore shorten the time for which anti-coagulant treatment is required before a patient undergoes EC.

    Methods This study included 91 patients with NVAF of >48 hours in duration or in whom the time of onset was unknown who were undergoing EC after pretreatment with rivaroxaban. All of the patients were pretreated with rivaroxaban for at least 2 hours before EC and the same dose of rivaroxaban was prescribed for 4 weeks after EC. The primary endpoint was a successful EC without any thrombotic events or bleeding complications within 30 days after EC. The secondary endpoint was the time to EC.

    Results The mean age was 63±12 years and 70 of the 91 patients were male. The CHADS2 and HAS-BLED scores were 1.0±1.0 and 1.7±1.3, respectively. Although there were no thrombotic events, minor bleeding (gingival hemorrhage) occurred 20 days after the initiation of rivaroxaban treatment in one patient. The average time to EC was 11.9±11.1 days.

    Conclusion Rivaroxaban is safe and effective drug for NVAF patients who are scheduled for an EC. Furthermore, since VKAs take a substantial amount of time to establish adequate anticoagulation, pretreatment with rivaroxaban could shorten the time to the EC.

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  • Li Gang, Wan Lifang
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 15 Pages 1959-1965
    Published: August 01, 2016
    Released: August 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

    Objective The aim of this study was to determine whether elevated levels of RDW-coefficient of variation (CV) are associated with the development of diabetes mellitus (DM) in a population of healthy middle- and old-aged individuals.

    Method We conducted a retrospective cohort study. A total of 2,688 individuals (aged 49-66 years) without a DM diagnosis, impaired fasting glucose, or anemia at baseline were grouped according to the RDW-CV quartile, and the onset of DM during a 4-year period was recorded for each group.

    Results The correlation coefficients for the RDW-CV and waist circumference and for the RDW-CV and HbA1c were 0.114 and 0.133, respectively. The relative risks of future DM in RDW-CV quartiles II, III, and IV (high) compared with RDW-CV quartile I (low) were 1.9 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.0-3.6, p=0.057], 1.6 (95% CI 0.8-3.0, p=0.157), and 2.2 (95% CI 1.2-4.0, p=0.015), respectively. After adjusting for sex, age, waist circumference, hemoglobin A1c, triglycerides, high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, the multivariate relative risk for the highest vs. the lowest RDW-CV quartile was 1.8 (95% CI, 1.1-3.4, p=0.046).

    Conclusion These data indicate that an elevated RDW-CV is associated with an increased incidence of DM.

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  • Hiroaki Satoh, Tetsuya Ohira, Masato Nagai, Mitsuaki Hosoya, Akira Sak ...
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 15 Pages 1967-1976
    Published: August 01, 2016
    Released: August 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

    Objective The Great East Japan Earthquake and the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster forced the evacuation of residents and led to many changes in the lifestyle of the evacuees. A comprehensive health check was implemented to support the prevention of lifestyle-related disease, and we analyzed changes in lipid metabolism before and after these disasters.

    Methods Subjects included Japanese men and women living near the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in Fukushima Prefecture. Annual health checkups, focusing on metabolic syndromes, were conducted for persons ≥40 years of age by the Heath Care Insures.

    Results A total of 27,486 subjects underwent a follow-up examination after the disaster, with a mean follow-up of 1.6 years. Following the disaster, the prevalence of hypo-high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterolemia increased significantly from 6.0% to 7.2%. In the hypo-HDL cholesterolemia group, the body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, and LDL-C level increased significantly in men after the disaster. On the other hand, in the normal HDL-C level group, the BMI, blood pressure, glucose and lipid metabolism, and liver function were adversely affected. The decrease in HDL-C was significantly greater in evacuees than non-evacuees in the normal HDL-C level group. Furthermore, a multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the evacuation was significantly associated with the incidence of hypo-HDL cholesterolemia.

    Conclusion This is the first study to evaluate how the evacuation affected the incidence of hypo-HDL cholesterolemia and led to an increase in cardiovascular disease. This information may be important in the follow-up and lifestyle change recommendations for evacuees.

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  • Hao Kong, Yancheng Liu, Sai Luo, Qiaoqiao Li, Qinglu Wang
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 15 Pages 1977-1984
    Published: August 01, 2016
    Released: August 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

    Objective As the calreticulin (CALR) mutation frequency is significantly associated with essential thrombocythemia (ET) and primary myelofibrosis (PMF), this mutation may be an important biomarker in patients with ET and PMF.

    Methods We performed a literature search until April 2015 and obtained 21 relevant studies. The outcome was pooled as the effect size by using the Stata software program.

    Results The CALR mutation frequencies in patients with ET and PMF were 19% and 22%, respectively. The CALR mutation ratio in Asian patients with ET was 23% and higher than that in European-American patients (16%). Moreover, the mutation ratio in Asian patients with PMF was lower (21%) than that in European-American patients (23%). A slight trend toward fibrotic transformation was found in ET with CALR mutations, whereas leukemic transformation was not significant in patients with ET or PMF with CALR mutations.

    Conclusion CALR mutations significantly influence the incident of ET as demonstrated by the meta-analysis.

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  • Shunya Nakane, Yuishin Izumi, Masaya Oda, Ryuji Kaji, Hidenori Matsuo
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 15 Pages 1985-1990
    Published: August 01, 2016
    Released: August 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

    Objective Bullous pemphigoid in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (BP-ALS) is rare and poorly understood. We herein assessed the association between ALS and BP using clinical and biological findings.

    Methods The clinical features of six new BP-ALS cases were described and collated with cases from a systematic literature review.

    Results Our six cases were combined with three other published cases. The mean disease duration (from ALS onset to the occurrence of BP) was 5.6±3.1 years. All patients had limb-onset ALS. Four of the 9 patients received riluzole, with the use of riluzole ranging from a few days to 3 years. When BP occurred, the status of the ALS patients was paretic and/or bedridden in all cases. BP occurred throughout the body, and we confirmed that the bullous lesions were located not only at the compression site, but also at the anterior part of the chest, abdomen, and limbs. Treatment for BP was successful, as oral prednisone and/or local corticosteroids were effective in 8 cases.

    Conclusion These six new cases, in combination with previous cases, expand our knowledge of the relationship between dermatological lesions and ALS. The pathogenesis of BP-ALS is poorly understood, however, some immunological aberrance is likely.

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  • Takuya Fukuoka, Takeshi Hayashi, Masayuki Ohira, Yuji Kato, Ichiro Deg ...
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 15 Pages 1991-1995
    Published: August 01, 2016
    Released: August 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

    Objective Decompressive craniectomy (DC) in patients with malignant middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarction is known to decrease the mortality rate. However, the functional outcomes (communication and oral intake) of this procedure remain unclear. Most patients with malignant MCA infarction exhibit a loss of consciousness, which may be principally governed by the thalamus. We herein investigated the functional outcomes of DC at 90 days after the onset of malignant MCA infarction and their association with preoperative thalamus deformation, which can occur due to pressure and edema.

    Methods Twelve of 2,692 patients with acute cerebral infarction were diagnosed with malignant MCA infarction and underwent DC. We evaluated preoperative thalamus damage using brain computed tomography and its association with communication and oral intake abilities and the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) and Barthel index scores at 90 days after stroke onset.

    Results The mRS score at 90 days was 0-4 in five patients. Seven patients could communicate immediately after surgery, while five could do so by 90 days. Five patients were able to resume the oral intake of food at 90 days. All patients with preoperative thalamus deformation showed a poor recovery, while those with absent or slight preoperative thalamus deformation showed a good recovery.

    Conclusion Patients with preoperative thalamus deformation caused by pressure and edema show a poor oral intake and communication abilities after DC, suggesting that preoperative thalamus deformation is a predictor of poor functional outcomes after DC in patients with malignant MCA infarction.

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  • Kotaro Shikano, Kaichi Kaneko, Mai Kawazoe, Makoto Kaburaki, Tomoko Ha ...
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 15 Pages 1997-2003
    Published: August 01, 2016
    Released: August 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

    Objective Vitamin K2 (menatetrenone) is an effective treatment for patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis. We herein performed a subanalysis of patients with systemic autoimmune diseases undergoing glucocorticoid therapy in our previous prospective study.

    Methods Sixty patients were categorized into a group with vitamin K2 treatment (n=20, Group A) and a group without vitamin K2 treatment (n=40, Group B). All patients were treated with bisphosphonates.

    Results Serum levels of osteocalcin and undercarboxylated osteocalcin decreased significantly after the start of glucocorticoid therapy in both groups, while the serum osteocalcin level was significantly higher in Group A than Group B during the third (p=0.0250) and fourth weeks (p=0.0155). The serum level of the N-terminal peptide of type I procollagen, a bone formation marker, decreased during glucocorticoid therapy, but was significantly higher in Group A than Group B during the fourth week (p=0.0400). The bone mineral density and fracture rate showed no significant differences between the two groups.

    Conclusion Although vitamin K2 improves bone turnover markers in patients with osteoporosis on glucocorticoid therapy, it has no significant effect on the bone mineral density and fracture rate after 1.5 years of treatment.

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CASE REPORTS
  • Hang Liu, Yong Wang, Baohan Fan, Liang Ren, Wei Wang, Pengxiao Hu, Xia ...
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 15 Pages 2005-2010
    Published: August 01, 2016
    Released: August 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

    Clinical results point to a better gastrointestinal tolerability with enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium as compared to mycophenolate mofetil. However, some transplant recipients who are treated with enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium still experience gastrointestinal symptoms. We herein present two cases of renal transplant recipients with severe gastrointestinal symptoms who were switched from enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium to mizoribine, and the symptom reversal effects were evaluated using the Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale. The results of this study showed a significant improvement in severe gastrointestinal symptoms in renal transplant recipients after converting from enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium to mizoribine.

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  • Shunichi Matsuoka, Hirotoshi Fujikawa, Hiromasa Hasegawa, Takanaga Och ...
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 15 Pages 2011-2017
    Published: August 01, 2016
    Released: August 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

    A 62-year-old man was diagnosed with the onset of tuberculosis (Tb) from a pulmonary latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) during triple therapy with pegylated interferon α2a, ribavirin, and telaprevir for a chronic hepatitis C infection in 2013 before interferon (IFN)-free anti-viral therapy was introduced in Japan. A liver biopsy before IFN treatment revealed the presence of epithelioid cell granulomas (ECGs). IFN may also be employed for chronic hepatitis B infection and malignant tumors, thus, special attention must be paid to the development of Tb from a LTBI when ECGs are observed before treatment. It is also necessary to review the significance of the liver biopsy.

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  • Teruki Miyake, Bunzo Matsuura, Shinya Furukawa, Yasuhiko Todo, Shin Ya ...
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 15 Pages 2019-2023
    Published: August 01, 2016
    Released: August 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

    3,5,3'-triiodo-L-thyronine regulates the glucose metabolism, lipid metabolism, and hepatic steatosis. Several groups have shown the relationships between hypothyroidism and nonalcoholic fatty liver and hypothyroidism and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). However, the effect of hyperthyroidism on NASH has not yet been investigated. We herein report effects of thyroid hormone on the pathological condition of NASH in a patient with NASH complicated by Graves' disease. In our case, the liver enzyme level improved with the increasing thyroid hormone level; however, the liver enzyme level was aggravated with the improving thyroid hormone level. Therefore, hyperthyroidism may improve the pathological condition of NASH.

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  • Takenobu Shimada, Kazushige Kadota, Shunsuke Kubo, Seiji Habara, Kazua ...
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 15 Pages 2025-2029
    Published: August 01, 2016
    Released: August 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

    We herein report a case of intramural hematoma without ongoing myocardial ischemia that healed spontaneously with conservative treatment. A 37-year-old woman was admitted due to chest pain. Acute coronary syndrome was diagnosed by electrocardiography and echocardiography. Coronary angiography showed 90% stenosis in the distal portion of the left anterior descending coronary artery, where intravascular ultrasound showed a hematoma, but optical coherence tomography could not detect the entry point. Therefore, we identified the intramural hematoma as the etiology. Because the coronary flow was maintained and chest pain disappeared, we chose conservative treatment. Fifteen days after admission, coronary computed tomography showed an improvement in the intramural hematoma.

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  • Yuko Harada, Shinichiro Miyazaki
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 15 Pages 2031-2034
    Published: August 01, 2016
    Released: August 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

    Adrenocortical carcinoma is a rare malignancy with a poor prognosis. The effective treatment for advanced cancer remains unknown. A 61-year-old woman underwent CyberKnife treatment on a large adrenocortical carcinoma and tumor emboli in both pulmonary arteries. Follow-up positron emission tomography scanning with fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) revealed that the FDG uptake was greatly decreased in all the tumors, and the hormone levels were also decreased. CyberKnife is a safe and effective treatment option for the non-operative large advanced adrenocortical carcinoma.

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  • Hiroyuki Hirai, Naotaro Fukushima, Koji Hasegawa, Tsuyoshi Watanabe, O ...
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 15 Pages 2035-2042
    Published: August 01, 2016
    Released: August 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

    A 48-year-old woman with a history of diabetes was admitted for nausea and vomiting with body weight loss. A blood examination revealed high plasma glucose and thyroid hormone levels and metabolic acidosis. She was therefore diagnosed with both diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperthyroidism. Nausea and vomiting continued intermittently despite the administration of saline and insulin. The patient was further diagnosed with superior mesenteric artery syndrome (SMAS) after abdominal computed tomography revealed that a horizontal portion of the duodenum was sandwiched between the aorta and the superior mesenteric artery. Clinicians should be vigilant for SMAS in patients with both DKA and hyperthyroidism who present body weight loss.

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  • Ryo Koda, Katsuhiro Nagahori, Atsushi Kitazawa, Yuji Imanishi, Atsunor ...
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 15 Pages 2043-2048
    Published: August 01, 2016
    Released: August 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

    A 77-year-old man presented with a fever, non-productive cough, and edema formation. A laboratory analysis showed an elevated creatinine level (2.5 mg/dL), a high titer of myeloperoxidase (MPO)-anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) (99 U/mL), positive reaction for antinuclear antibody (×320), hematuria, and massive proteinuria (3.33 g/day). A renal biopsy revealed crescentic and necrotizing glomerulonephritis (GN) with membranoproliferative GN features [double contour appearance of the glomerular basement membrane, granular deposition of immunoglobulin (Ig) G, IgM, and C3 along the capillary wall, subendothelial and subepithelial deposits with mesangial interposition]. A potential relationship between MPO-ANCA associated GN and membranoproliferative GN is discussed.

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  • Nobuyasu Awano, Kensuke Fukuda, Masashi Sakayori, Keisuke Kondoh, Ryu ...
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 15 Pages 2049-2053
    Published: August 01, 2016
    Released: August 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

    We herein describe a case of sarcoid myositis with anti-Ku antibody positivity. Pathological findings of the muscle were compatible with sarcoidosis, but could not be completely distinguished from myositis diseases that arise from other causes. According to a physical examination, pathological findings, the detection of anti-Ku antibody and the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DPB1 allele, we strongly suspected that the patient developed both sarcoidosis and polymyositis. Sarcoidosis is often complicated by autoimmune diseases. This case suggests the possibility that sarcoidosis and other autoimmune diseases may have common causal genetic factors.

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  • Takashi Nishihara, Manabu Hayama, Norio Okamoto, Ayako Tanaka, Takuji ...
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 15 Pages 2055-2059
    Published: August 01, 2016
    Released: August 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

    A prolonged air leak caused by pulmonary tuberculosis is difficult to treat, and little is known about optimal treatment strategies. We herein report the case of a 60-year-old man who demonstrated tuberculous empyema with a fistula. An air leak from a tuberculous cavity in his left upper lobe persisted for approximately 4 months; surgical repair could not be performed due to a poor physical status and undernourishment. However, the air leak was successfully treated with endobronchial occlusion using two silicone spigots in left B3b and B4, without any adverse effects or aggravation of the infection.

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  • Hiroshi Ureshino, Atsujiro Nishioka, Kensuke Kojima, Motoaki Suzuki, H ...
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 15 Pages 2061-2064
    Published: August 01, 2016
    Released: August 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

    Rituximab-induced acute thrombocytopenia (RIAT), a rare complication of rituximab administration, has not yet been described in follicular lymphoma (FL). A 65-year-old man received rituximab for the treatment of high tumor burden follicular lymphoma in the leukemic phase. The next day, his platelet count abruptly dropped from 85,000 to 5,000/μL, which spontaneously recovered in a few days without specific treatment. We speculate that the occurrence of infusion-related cytokine release syndrome in rituximab-sensitive high tumor burden FL contributed to the development of RIAT. Frequent monitoring of the platelet count is advisable for select patients considered to be at a high risk for RIAT.

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  • Tadayuki Takata, Yohei Kokudo, Kodai Kume, Kazuyo Ikeda, Masaki Kamada ...
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 15 Pages 2065-2067
    Published: August 01, 2016
    Released: August 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

    Arachnoid cyst (AC) is a neurological complication of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). Although an AC can increase the risk of a subdural hematoma, the clinical presentation of bleeding into an AC associated with ADPKD is not well known. We herein report the case of a 59-year-old woman in whom the initiation of hemodialysis for renal failure led to AC bleeding. A change of anticoagulant from heparin to nafamostat mesilate allowed dialysis to continue without rebleeding. These findings suggest that hemodialysis in patients with an AC associated with ADPKD may increase the risk of bleeding. Nafamostat mesilate may be useful in such cases.

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  • Sakiko Itaya, Zen Kobayashi, Hiroyuki Tomimitsu, Shuzo Shintani
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 15 Pages 2069-2071
    Published: August 01, 2016
    Released: August 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

    High fever, severe neck pain and neck stiffness can result from meningitis. We report a case of pneumococcal pyomyositis of the neck muscles. A 72-year-old man developed high fever and severe neck pain. His chief complaint mimicked bacterial meningitis. Although his condition was initially suspected to be bacterial meningitis, his cerebrospinal fluid did not show pleocytosis. MRI showed areas of high intensity in the posterior deep neck muscles on short tau inversion recovery (STIR) sequences and gadolinium-enhanced T1-weighted images. Pneumococcal myositis should therefore be included in the differential diagnosis of severe neck pain with fever.

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  • Shinichiro Maeshima, Tetsuya Tsunoda, Sayaka Okamoto, Yasunori Ozeki, ...
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 15 Pages 2073-2075
    Published: August 01, 2016
    Released: August 01, 2016
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    A 62-year-old right-handed man was diagnosed with a cerebral infarction in the ventromedial region of the left lower pons. He showed left abducens nerve palsy, left-sided supranuclear palsy of the lower part of the face and right hemiparesis. We hypothesized that the mechanism underlying the patient's ipsilateral supranuclear facial palsy involved the corticofacial fibers after they crossed the midline.

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  • Yohei Kanzawa, Yasushi Mizuno, Yukihiro Imai, Hiroaki Nishioka
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 15 Pages 2077-2080
    Published: August 01, 2016
    Released: August 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

    The detection of abnormalities of the cranial arteries on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is useful for the diagnosis of giant cell arteritis (GCA). However, reports on the veins of GCA patients are rare. We report the case of an elderly woman with GCA who presented with facial edema. She presented with a one month history of headache and facial edema. After MRI and enhanced computed tomography revealed delayed blood flow in the left jugular vein, a temporal artery biopsy was performed. She was diagnosed with GCA based on the biopsy findings. Following corticosteroid therapy, her symptoms and venous flow improved. The present case indicates that delayed jugular venous flow can occur in GCA patients with facial edema.

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  • Nobuhito Ikeuchi, Takao Itoi, Ryosuke Tonozuka, Shuntaro Mukai, Yohei ...
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 15 Pages 2081-2086
    Published: August 01, 2016
    Released: August 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

    A 58-year-old Japanese woman came to our institution because of leg edema and abdominal distention. She had developed acute pancreatitis 5 times in the past 3 years. Dilation of the bile duct and main pancreatic duct without obstruction was observed on computed tomography and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography. The presence of Strongyloides stercoralis was highly suspected from the biopsy sample from the duodenal papilla. Polymerase chain reaction amplification and sequencing of small subunit rDNA from paraffin-embedded specimens identified the worm as S. stercoralis. All of the symptoms were considered to be associated with S. stercoralis infection. Therefore, the patient was treated with oral administration of ivermectin. Subsequently, symptoms and laboratory data improved. There has been no recurrence of the symptoms to date.

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  • Chongyun Xing, Bei Ge, Kang Yu, Shenmeng Gao, Bin Liang, Haige Ye
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 15 Pages 2087-2091
    Published: August 01, 2016
    Released: August 01, 2016
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    The increasing prevalence of Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase 2-producing K. pneumoniae (KPC-2-KP) infections can become a new life-threatening complication for hematological patients. Five cases of KPC-2-KP bloodstream infections have been identified in our hematology department over the past 10 years. The current treatment options do not show satisfactory efficacy, especially for bloodstream infections. The treatment of these five cases was unsuccessful, mainly due to the high minimum inhibitory concentrations of carbapenem, fosfomycin resistance, or the inaccessibility of polymyxin. Further investigations into the optimal treatment modalities are therefore imperative. The present study provides insights into the epidemiology and clinical challenges of treating KPC-2-KP bloodstream infections.

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  • Nobuyuki Ashizawa, Shigeki Nakamura, Shotaro Ide, Masato Tashiro, Taka ...
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 15 Pages 2093-2099
    Published: August 01, 2016
    Released: August 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

    A 76-year-old woman received long-term immunosuppressive treatment for collagen vascular disease-associated interstitial pneumonia. The patient developed a cavitary mass lesion in the right lower lung field, and both nontuberculous mycobacteria and Aspergillus spp. were isolated after bronchial washing. The patient underwent a right lower lobectomy but developed Aspergillus empyema. Empyema due to Aspergillus spp. is a rare and life-threatening condition; however, the standard therapeutic strategies for treating Aspergillus empyema are not clear. We herein report a case of Aspergillus empyema that was successfully treated with a combination therapy which included open-window thoracostomy and the administration of antifungal agents (systemic micafungin and local amphotericin-B).

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  • Yasushi Mizuno, Asako Doi, Akiko Endo, Hiroaki Nishioka
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 15 Pages 2101-2104
    Published: August 01, 2016
    Released: August 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

    A combination of acute urinary retention and aseptic meningitis has occasionally been described, which is referred to as meningitis-retention syndrome. In contrast, acute urinary retention has rarely been reported in bacterial meningitis. We herein report a case of Streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis presenting with acute urinary retention which led to emphysematous cystitis in an elderly woman. She presented with impaired consciousness and a distended lower abdomen. She was diagnosed with pneumococcal meningitis by lumbar puncture. Abdominal computed tomography revealed the presence of emphysematous cystitis. She completely recovered with antibiotic therapy without any complications. Acute urinary retention can occur secondary to pneumococcal meningitis.

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  • Ayuko Sokabe, Masafumi Mizooka, Rinne Sakemi, Tomoki Kobayashi, Nobusu ...
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 15 Pages 2105-2108
    Published: August 01, 2016
    Released: August 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

    Jugular paraganlioma is a benign, slow-growing tumor originating from the paraganglion cells and it is associated with catecholamine secretion. Paragangliomas can secrete Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and present as a systemic inflammatory syndrome; these characteristics have not been previously associated with jugular paragangliomas. A 63-year-old man with a jugular tumor in the skull base was referred to our hospital for an evaluation of pyrexia, back pain, and acute inflammation. His serum IL-6 level was elevated on admission and it decreased after radiotherapy. This is the first known case of a jugular paraganglioma exhibiting systemic inflammatory syndrome.

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