Internal Medicine
Online ISSN : 1349-7235
Print ISSN : 0918-2918
ISSN-L : 0918-2918
Volume 55 , Issue 13
Showing 1-32 articles out of 32 articles from the selected issue
EDITORIAL
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
  • Masaaki Yamamoto, Ryusaku Matsumoto, Hidenori Fukuoka, Genzo Iguchi, M ...
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 13 Pages 1685-1690
    Published: July 01, 2016
    Released: July 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS
    Objective Various organs are known to be affected by the comorbidities of acromegaly. However, the involvement of renal structural comorbidities, such as cysts, has so far remained largely unknown. In this single-center study, we aimed to determine the prevalence and factors associated with simple renal cysts in Japanese patients with acromegaly. Methods A total of 71 consecutive patients with acromegaly were analyzed, who all underwent abdominal ultrasonography at diagnosis between 1986 and 2012 at Kobe University Hospital. Results Of these 71 patients, 23 (32.4%) exhibited simple renal cysts. Acromegalic patients with renal cysts tended to be significantly older, had a higher prevalence of smoking- and higher nadir growth hormone (GH) levels during the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) than did those without renal cysts. A multivariate logistic regression analysis showed age, smoking, and nadir GH to be independent factors associated with renal cysts. Interestingly, the number of renal cysts positively correlated with both the basal GH levels and nadir GH levels during OGTT (r=0.66, p<0.05 and r=0.70, p<0.05, respectively). In addition, the mean diameter of renal cysts positively correlated with the systolic blood pressure (r=0.84, p<0.005). Conclusion This is the first report to show the prevalence of simple renal cysts in patients with acromegaly. Elevated nadir GH levels during OGTT were found to be associated with an increased risk of simple renal cysts. Therefore, an excessive secretion of GH may be related to the development of renal cysts.
    Download PDF (137K)
  • Koji Sakamaki, Yuko Maejima, Yoshiharu Tokita, Yasuhiro Masamura, Kens ...
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 13 Pages 1691-1696
    Published: July 01, 2016
    Released: July 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS
    Objective The aim of this study was to examine the associations between the visceral fat area (VFA) and the subcutaneous fat area (SFA) as estimated by the dual impedance method with a body composition monitor (BCM) and the diagnostic components of metabolic syndrome in a middle-aged Japanese population. Methods The subjects included 303 men (average age 51.3±9.0 years old) and 345 women (average age 40.0±9.4 years old). The VFA and SFA were estimated by BCM, and the associations among the components of metabolic syndrome (waist circumference, blood pressure and related blood sample tests) were evaluated. Results VFA showed positive correlations with waist circumference, HbA1c, high-density lipoprotein (HDL)/low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, triglyceride and uric acid level in men, while showing positive correlations with waist circumference, HDL cholesterol, triglyceride and HbA1c in women. The estimated SFA showed positive correlations with systolic blood pressure, HDL/LDL cholesterol and triglyceride in men, and HDL cholesterol and triglyceride in women. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed the estimated VFA to be as effective as WC to identify subject with metabolic syndrome. Conclusion By estimating the VFA using BCM, it may be possible to identify patients at risk of developing metabolic syndrome and hyperuricemia.
    Download PDF (160K)
  • Hiroshi Kamiyama, Kazutaka Aoki, Shigeru Nakajima, Kazuaki Shinoda, Ka ...
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 13 Pages 1697-1703
    Published: July 01, 2016
    Released: July 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS
    Objective Switching from sulfonylureas to repaglinide in patients with type 2 diabetes improves glycemic control; however, the optimal dosage has not been fully evaluated. We designed to show that repaglinide was equivalent to sulfonylurea in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes. We herein evaluated whether we could switch from sulfonylureas to repaglinide twice or thrice daily in Japanese adult patients who had been treated with anti-diabetic drugs, including sulfonylureas, and whose conditions were moderately well-controlled. Methods A total of 78 patients taking less than half the Japanese maximum dose of sulfonylurea were randomized into three groups: 26 in group A (switching from sulfonylureas to taking 0.25 or 0.5 mg of repaglinide just before breakfast and dinner twice daily), 27 in group B (switching from sulfonylureas to taking 0.25 or 0.5 mg of repaglinide just before meals thrice daily), and 25 in group C (continuing to take sulfonylurea). Blood samples were collected at 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 months following the initiation of the maintenance period. Results The HbA1c and glycoalbumin levels did not significantly differ among the three groups after 4 months of treatment. Conclusion With the assumption that 1 mg of glimepiride is equivalent to 1.25 mg of glibenclamide or 40 mg of gliclazide, the administration of repaglinide (0.44 mg/meal) twice and thrice daily is similar to the efficacy of sulfonylurea (glimepiride 1.63-1.98 mg/day) after four months of treatment in Japanese patients with moderately well-controlled type 2 diabetes (HbA1c, 7-7.5%).
    Download PDF (155K)
  • Shotaro Okachi, Naoyuki Imai, Kazuyoshi Imaizumi, Shingo Iwano, Masahi ...
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 13 Pages 1705-1712
    Published: July 01, 2016
    Released: July 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS
    Objective Endobronchial ultrasonography with a guide sheath (EBUS-GS) and virtual bronchoscopic navigation (VBN) improves the diagnostic yield in patients with peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs). Most previous reports on EBUS-GS-guided transbronchial biopsy (TBB) have included patients with benign and malignant diseases. We aimed to determine the factors that predicted a successful diagnosis by EBUS-GS-guided TBB diagnostic in patients with small peripheral lung cancer, with a focus on the high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) findings before bronchoscopy. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 173 consecutive patients with 175 small (≤30 mm) PPLs who were diagnosed with primary lung cancer between June 2010 and October 2013 at Nagoya University Hospital. All patients underwent EBUS-GS-guided TBB with VBN using a ZioStation computer workstation (Ziosoft, Osaka, Japan). We analyzed the patient characteristics, HRCT findings, diagnostic yield, and the diagnostic factors in small peripheral lung carcinoma. Results The EBUS probe position was within the PPL in 83 of the 175 lesions (47%) and 112 (64.0%) cases were successfully diagnosed by EBUS-GS-guided TBB. A univariate analysis revealed that the following factors were associated with a significantly higher diagnostic yield: CT bronchus sign positivity, a lesion of >20 mm in diameter, a solid nodule, and a probe position that was within the lesion. The following factors were not significant: the lesion location, the number of biopsies, and the lung cancer histology. A multivariate analysis revealed that the following factors significantly affected the diagnostic yield: CT bronchus sign positivity [odds ratio (OR) =2.479]; a probe position that was within the lesion (OR=2.542); and a solid nodule (OR=2.304). Conclusion The significant factors that were significantly associated with a successful diagnosis using EBUS-GS-guided TBB in small peripheral lung carcinoma were as follows: CT bronchus sign positivity, a solid nodule, and a probe position that was within the lesion.
    Download PDF (1184K)
  • Chang Ho Kim, So Yeon Lee, Yong Dae Lee, Seung Soo Yoo, Shin Yup Lee, ...
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 13 Pages 1713-1719
    Published: July 01, 2016
    Released: July 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS
    Objective Although tuberculous pleural effusion (TPE) is commonly characterized by lymphocytic predominance and high adenosine deaminase (ADA) levels, it may present with neutrophilic predominance or low ADA levels, which are more commonly found in parapneumonic effusion (PPE) or malignant pleural effusion (MPE), respectively. A few studies have observed that the atypical pleural fluid profiles of these cases of TPE may resolve at follow-up thoracentesis. However, these observations were incompletely analyzed and lacked comparison with proper control groups. Thus, limited data are available comparing the sequential pleural fluid changes between TPE and PPE or MPE with similar pleural fluid profiles. Methods TPE, PPE, and MPE patients who underwent sequential thoracentesis were retrospectively reviewed. The sequential changes in the pleural fluid profiles were compared between neutrophilic TPE and PPE, and lymphocytic TPE and MPE with low ADA levels. Results Twenty-three TPE patients (16 with neutrophilic exudates, seven with lymphocytic exudates), 72 cases of PPE with neutrophilic exudates, and 18 cases of MPE with lymphocytic exudates were included in the analysis. A sequential shift to lymphocytic exudates occurred significantly more often in TPE than in PPE cases. The initial and follow-up ADA levels in TPE cases with a lymphocytic shift were significantly higher than those in PPE cases with a lymphocytic shift. The ADA levels in the TPE cases with initial lymphocytic exudates and low ADA levels significantly increased at follow-up thoracentesis. For the TPE and MPE cases with initial lymphocytic exudates and ADA levels <40 U/L, the frequency of effusion with ADA levels ≥40 U/L at the second thoracentesis was significantly higher in the TPE cases. Conclusion Follow-up thoracentesis may provide useful information for clinical decision-making in suspected atypical TPE cases with neutrophilic exudates or low ADA levels.
    Download PDF (403K)
  • Wataru Yamamoto, Taiki Andou, Megumi Itabashi, Satoshi Koyama, Yoshimi ...
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 13 Pages 1721-1727
    Published: July 01, 2016
    Released: July 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS
    Objective Fludarabine plus melphalan (FM) and fludarabine plus busulfan (FB) are two major conditioning regimens for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Methods We retrospectively analyzed patients who underwent allo-HSCT after a conditioning regimen consisting of FM or FB with/without total body irradiation for hematological malignancies between 2005 and 2014. Results There were 41 patients who met the criteria. The median follow-up time for the survivors was 3 years. Thirty-two patients received allo-HSCT after the FM regimen and nine patients received allo-HSCT after the FB regimen. Patients who received FB were older than those who received FM (p=0.041). There was no significant difference in the 3-year overall survival between patients who had received FB and those who had received FM (29.6% vs. 56.5%, p=0.267). The 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse was significantly higher in patients who had received FB than that in patients who had received FM (66.7% vs. 17.8%, p=0.004), and FB was an independent prognostic factor for relapse by a multivariate analysis (hazard ratio, 9.8; 95% confidential interval, 2.5-39.3; p=0.001). When we restricted the evaluation to patients with acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome, the 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse was also significantly higher in patients who had received FB than that in patients who had received FM (75.0% vs. 16.1%, p=0.004). Conclusion The results suggest that FM may provide better disease control than FB.
    Download PDF (142K)
  • Kayoko Ozeki, Takahisa Furuta, Michio Asano, Tatsuya Noda, Mieko Nakam ...
    2016 Volume 55 Issue 13 Pages 1729-1734
    Published: July 01, 2016
    Released: July 01, 2016
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS
    Objective Recently, the number of patients receiving Helicobacter pylori eradication treatment has dramatically increased in Japan, although the eradication rate has gradually decreased. Patient characteristics could affect the eradication rate. Our aim in this study was to investigate the association between failed first-line eradication therapy and hay fever. Methods We researched 356 patients who visited a pharmacy adjacent to the Internal Medicine clinic with a prescription for first-line H. pylori eradication treatment and investigated whether the patients had hay fever using a questionnaire. We separated these patients into 2 groups based on the success or failure of eradication according to the clinical data and performed a logistic regression analysis to investigate the influence of hay fever on first-line eradication failure. Results The eradication rate of patients with and without hay fever was 65.6% and 77.7%, respectively. The adjusted odds ratios according to which patients with hay fever would fail eradication therapy gradually lowered with increasing patient age [≤50 years, odds ratio (OR) 6.81, p=0.089; 51-60 years, OR 2.75, p=0.145; 61-70 years, OR 1.60, p=0.391; >70 years, OR 1.02, p=0.979]. A significant relationship was found for all patients (OR 1.88, p=0.047) and the age group ≤70 years (OR 2.31, p=0.024). Conclusion Patients with hay fever have difficulty with first-line eradication, especially younger patients. The existence of clarithromycin-resistant bacteria is suspected, and other factors may also be involved. When a hay fever sufferer receives first-line treatment, eradication might be difficult and other treatment may be required.
    Download PDF (147K)
CASE REPORTS
PICTURES IN CLINICAL MEDICINES
feedback
Top