Internal Medicine
Online ISSN : 1349-7235
Print ISSN : 0918-2918
ISSN-L : 0918-2918
Volume 39 , Issue 3
Showing 1-18 articles out of 18 articles from the selected issue
  • Hideo IKEMOTO
    2000 Volume 39 Issue 3 Pages 191-192
    Published: 2000
    Released: March 27, 2006
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • Susumu SUGAI
    2000 Volume 39 Issue 3 Pages 193-196
    Published: 2000
    Released: March 27, 2006
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  • Yoshikata SHIMIZU
    2000 Volume 39 Issue 3 Pages 195-196
    Published: 2000
    Released: March 27, 2006
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  • Ralph J. HAUKE, James O. ARMITAGE
    2000 Volume 39 Issue 3 Pages 197-208
    Published: 2000
    Released: March 27, 2006
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    The incidence of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas continues to rise and the number of deaths attributable to these malignancies currently rank in the top five causes of cancer-related deaths in the United States. Recent insights into the pathogenesis and molecular characterization of these disorders have led to improvements in a clinicopathologically relevant classification system, as well as in the ability to accurately diagnose specific entities. Several new treatment modalities have been developed which may improve the outcome for selected patients. A better understanding of the biology of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas will hopefully translate into different therapies with improved outcomes. This article describes a new system for classifying the non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, highlights key aspects of the pathogenesis of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas and briefly reviews clinical and therapeutic approaches to the most common of these lymphomas.
    (Internal Medicine 39:197-208, 2000)
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  • Sumio KAWAMURA, Shigefumi MAESAKI, Kazunori TOMONO, Takayoshi TASHIRO, ...
    2000 Volume 39 Issue 3 Pages 209-212
    Published: 2000
    Released: March 27, 2006
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Objective and Methods We retrospectively evaluated 61 cases with pulmonary aspergilloma representing patients admitted to Nagasaki University Hospital between January 1991 to June 1998.
    Results Fifty-two (85%) were males and 9 (15%) were females, aged between 14 to 80 years (average, 65 years). Forty-four (72%) patients had history of old pulmonary tuberculosis. Chest radiographs showed "fungus ball" in the cavities in 42 (67%) cases while 16 (26%) cases showed thickening of the cavity wall. Aspergillus fumigatus was isolated in 24 (39%) patients. Aspergillus antigen or antibody was positive in 8 (13%) and 43 (70%) patients, respectively. Oral itraconazole was used in 16 (26%) of patients, and surgical excision was performed in 15 (25%) patients. During hospitalization or after discharge, 19 (31%) patients died.
    Summary and Conclusion Pulmonary aspergilloma usually occurs in elderly patients with old tuberculosis and respiratory failure. Many cases did not respond to antifungal therapy with itraconazole or amphotericin B. Our analysis indicates that more effective and appropriate therapeutic regimens are needed for the treatment of patients with pulmonary aspergilloma.
    (Internal Medicine 39: 209-212, 2000)
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  • Shinichi ISHIOKA, Kimihiko NAKAMURA, Akihiro MAEDA, Keiko HIYAMA, Keni ...
    2000 Volume 39 Issue 3 Pages 213-219
    Published: 2000
    Released: March 27, 2006
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Objective To clarify the differences in the clinical features between idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (IIP) and interstitial pneumonia associated with collagen vascular diseases (CVD-IP).
    Methods Symptoms, radiographic findings, pulmonary function, blood chemistry data including autoantibody, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) findings were compared using multiple logistic regression analysis.
    Patients The subjects were 44 patients clinically diagnosed with IIP and 33 patients with CVD-IP.
    Results The clinical features related to IIP were as follows: male sex, advanced age, past history of hypertension, presence of cough, exertional dyspnea, digital clubbing, an increased level of γ-globulin, decreased lung volume on chest X-ray, and typical type according to the criteria for IIP on chest X-ray. Increased levels of rheumatoid factor and total cell number in BALF were related to CVD-IP.
    Conclusion These findings are considered to be useful to differentiate IIP and CVD-IP.
    (Internal Medicine 39: 213-219, 2000)
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  • Hiroo WADA
    2000 Volume 39 Issue 3 Pages 220-222
    Published: 2000
    Released: March 27, 2006
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    Objective The aim was to analyze serum concentrations of apolipoproteins in the demented elderly to elucidate some biological markers related to dementia.
    Patients and Methods Serum concentrations of apolipoproteins (AI, AH, B, CII, CIII, E) of patients with Alzheimer type dementia (AD), vascular dementia (VD) and controls (C) without dementia were compared among the three groups (AD, VD, C) and 15 correlation coefficients among the 6 measured items of apolipoproteins were analyzed.
    Results Serum levels of apo CII were significantly lower in AD group compared with VD or C groups. Serum levels of apo B, CIII and E were significantly lower in AD group compared with VD group, but not with C group. Analyses of correlations among the items of apolipoproteins revealed high significant correlations between apo E and/or apo CII and other items in AD group.
    Conclusion These results suggest that apolipoproteins such as apo CII, as well as apo E, might be involved in the pathogenesis of AD.
    (Internal Medicine 39: 220-222, 2000)
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  • Tomoyuki TSUJIKAWA, Hirotaka TSUKAMOTO, Akihiko ITOH, Akira ANDOH, Mas ...
    2000 Volume 39 Issue 3 Pages 223-227
    Published: 2000
    Released: March 27, 2006
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Alpha fetoprotein (AFP)-producing gastric cancer is relatively rare and meningitis carcinomatosa is similarly a rare manifestation among the neoplastic diseases. There have been no previous reports of meningitis carcinomatosa originating from AFP-producing gastric cancer. A 68-year-old man with AFP-producing gastric cancer was treated with cisplatin and doxifluridine because of multiple liver metastases. Although the liver lesion was reduced to 30% of pretreatment size after 6 courses of chemotherapy, meningitis carcinomatosa subsequently occurred. Immunostaining of AFP and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were useful in the diagnosis of meningitis caused by AFP producing cancer cells.
    (Internal Medicine 39: 223-227, 2000)
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  • Hisanobu OGATA, Hiroshi TSUJI, Kazuoki HIZAWA, Norihisa SUZUKI, Masato ...
    2000 Volume 39 Issue 3 Pages 228-230
    Published: 2000
    Released: March 27, 2006
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    A 74-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with frequent right flank pain. The multiple multilocular hepatic abscesses were revealed by computed tomography. Radiographs following a barium meal showed a linear filling defect in the ileum consistent with ascariasis. One day after treatment with pyrantel pamoate, an Ascaris was passed in the stool. The pyogenic hepatic abscesses gradually healed with both antibiotics and continuous drainage. After 2 months, he was discharged. In this case, the pyogenic hepatic abscesses were thus considered to have been caused by an inflammation which spread through the portal vein.
    (Internal Medicine 39: 228-230, 2000)
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  • Hiroshi IMAIZUMI, Toshiharu MITSUHASHI, Mitsuhiro HIRATA, Toshiya AIZA ...
    2000 Volume 39 Issue 3 Pages 231-234
    Published: 2000
    Released: March 27, 2006
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    We describe a case of intramural gastric hematoma with hemorrhagic shock caused by the formation of a large hematoma. Computed tomographic and angiographic examinations confirmed the presence of active bleeding into the hematoma. Transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) was performed for hemostasis. To our knowledge, although 21 cases of intramural gastric hematoma have been reported in the literature, this is apparently the first case treated by TAE. We conclude that TAE is a safe and effective treatment option for intramural gastric hematoma confirmed to be associated with active bleeding into the hematoma.
    (Internal Medicine 39: 231-234, 2000)
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  • Takashi NAGAHAMA, Toshiyuki MATSUI, Masato MATSUMURA, Hiroaki MATAKE, ...
    2000 Volume 39 Issue 3 Pages 235-238
    Published: 2000
    Released: March 27, 2006
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    A 69-year-old woman with a 6-year history of rheumatoid arthritis treated solely with an orally administered NSAID had slowly progressing persistent mild abdominal pain and diarrhea, accompanied with marked sing of inflammation as well as hypoproteinemia due to protein-losing gastroenteropathy. Examinations of the large intestine revealed variously shaped ulcerative lesions, centered around the left hemicolon, as well as luminal narrowing. The course of the disease and the shape of the lesions strongly suggested involvement of rheumatoid vasculitis; oral administration of prednisolone was effective.
    (Internal Medicine 39: 235-238, 2000)
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  • Osamu MAEDA, Hiroaki IWASE, Naoto MAMIYA, Motosuke NAKAMURA, Tomokazu ...
    2000 Volume 39 Issue 3 Pages 239-244
    Published: 2000
    Released: March 27, 2006
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    A 68-year-old man was diagnosed as having a scirrhous cancer of the stomach. Carcinomatous peritonitis was suspected on abdominal CT examination. Three courses of uracil and tegafur (UFT)/cisplatin (CDDP) chemotherapy were administered. The primary foci were reduced in size, then total gastrectomy was performed. Histological findings revealed a poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma with scirrhous invasion into the subserosa. Histological efficacy of the chemotherapy was judged to be grade 2. The patient has been alive without disease for more than five years after total gastrectomy. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy with UFT and CDDP may have contributed to the favorable clinical outcome in this patient.
    (Internal Medicine 39: 239-244, 2000)
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  • Ken UMETANI, Tsukasa ISHIHARA, Kimio YAMAMOTO, Takao SAWANOBORI, Isao ...
    2000 Volume 39 Issue 3 Pages 245-248
    Published: 2000
    Released: March 27, 2006
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    A 71-year-old male with sarcoidosis was followed for 6 years without steroid therapy. He was admitted because of complete atrioventricular block. Chest X-ray showed hilar lymphadenopathy. Echocardiogram showed mild left ventricular hypertrophy without local wall thinning. Cardiac sarcoidosis was diagnosed by a defect of Thallium-201 (Tl-201) imaging and abnormal uptake of Gallium-67 (Ga-67). After the start of corticosteroid therapy, complete atrioventricular block was recovered. Abnormal uptake of Ga-67 was improved. Tl-201 and Ga-67 are useful to diagnose cardiac sarcoidosis, to evaluate the lesion of cardiac involvement and to estimate the efficacy of corticosteroid therapy.
    (Internal Medicine 39: 245-248, 2000)
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  • Kiyonobu TANAKA, Yasuharu TAKADA, Tsuyoshi MATSUNAKA, Susumu YUYAMA, S ...
    2000 Volume 39 Issue 3 Pages 249-252
    Published: 2000
    Released: March 27, 2006
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    In a 54-year-old woman with diabetes mellitus, hearing loss, muscle weakness and hypocalcemia, caused by idiopathic hypoparathyroidism, an A to G transition at the nucleotide position of 3243 (A3243G mutation) was found in the mitochondrial DNA from her leukocytes. Clinical features of diabetes mellitus and hearing loss in association with the A3243G mutation are compatible with a diagnosis of maternally inherited diabetes and deafness (MIDD). Although hypoparathyroidism is rarely seen in MIDD, we consider that hypoparathyroidism in this patient is a possible phenotype caused by the A3243G mutation of mitochondrial DNA.
    (Internal Medicine 39: 249-252, 2000)
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  • Taichi TAKEDA, Tetsuo YUKIOKA, Syuji SHIMAZAKI
    2000 Volume 39 Issue 3 Pages 253-255
    Published: 2000
    Released: March 27, 2006
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    We report a case of cupric sulfate intoxication complicated by hemolytic anemia, hepato-renal damage and acute rhabdomyolysis. The patient was successfully treated with dimercaprol, penicillamine, direct hemoperfusion and hemodiafiltration. We discuss the pathophysiology of cupric intoxication, and propose a treatment combined with chelating agents and blood purification.
    (Internal Medicine 39: 253-255, 2000)
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  • Fumihiko TAKAHASHI, Yuji OGAWA, Naoyuki HASEBE, Syunsuke NATORI, Yoshi ...
    2000 Volume 39 Issue 3 Pages 256-259
    Published: 2000
    Released: March 27, 2006
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    We report the case of a 62-year-old man with nephrotic syndrome associated with stage B chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Kappa Bence Jones proteinuria and the glomerular deposition of kappa-light chain were observed. Although treatment with cyclophosphamide and prednisolone tended to reduce the level of proteinuria, the administration of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, enalapril, resulted in complete remission of nephrotic syndrome.
    (Internal Medicine 39: 256-259, 2000)
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  • Takeru WAKATSUKI, Masayuki MIYATA, Shyoichiro SHISHIDO, Tomohiro SUZUK ...
    2000 Volume 39 Issue 3 Pages 260-265
    Published: 2000
    Released: March 27, 2006
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    A 53-year-old woman with Sjögren's syndrome (SS) and primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) complicated by transverse myelitis (TM) and malignant lymphoma (ML) is reported. TM has been described only in seven cases of primary SS, including three with PBC and four without PBC. The features of SS associated with PBC and complicated by TM were less typical compared with those seen in SS without PBC complicated by TM. This case is the first report of a case with SS, PBC, TM and ML. SS in association with PBC is, in general, overlooked, but such cases must be investigated with great caution for extraglandular complications.
    (Internal Medicine 39: 260-265, 2000)
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  • Akira SAEKI, Mitsuhiro YONEDA, Mikako DEGAWA, Tetsuhiko ARIMA, Keisuke ...
    2000 Volume 39 Issue 3 Pages 266-269
    Published: 2000
    Released: March 27, 2006
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    A 45-year-old woman was transferred from a local hospital to our hospital because of shock-like manifestations in addition to septic polyarthritis and necrotizing cellulitis of the left leg. Since Streptococcus pyogenes was isolated from the blood culture examined one day before admission, the diagnosis of streptococcal toxic shock-like syndrome (TSLS) was made. Antibiotic treatment together with supportive care started at the time of admission, resulting in clinical improvement, although poststreptococcal acute glomerulonephritis occurred during the period. TSLS is a life-threatening disease, but early recognition of the disease and prompt initiation of appropriate treatment may lead to successful outcome.
    (Internal Medicine 39: 266-269, 2000)
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