Internal Medicine
Online ISSN : 1349-7235
Print ISSN : 0918-2918
ISSN-L : 0918-2918
Volume 38 , Issue 1
Showing 1-21 articles out of 21 articles from the selected issue
  • Takeyoshi KUNIEDA
    1999 Volume 38 Issue 1 Pages 1-2
    Published: 1999
    Released: March 27, 2006
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (380K)
  • Kiyoshi HASHIZUME
    1999 Volume 38 Issue 1 Pages 3
    Published: 1999
    Released: March 27, 2006
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (227K)
  • Teiji YAMAMOTO
    1999 Volume 38 Issue 1 Pages 4-5
    Published: 1999
    Released: March 27, 2006
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (289K)
  • Yoshiaki HASHIMOTO, Azusa FUTAMURA, Nobuko WATANABE, Masako TOGO, Hiro ...
    1999 Volume 38 Issue 1 Pages 6-11
    Published: 1999
    Released: March 27, 2006
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    A total of 5, 174 Japanese men were included in a cross-sectional study to examine the relationship between the glycated hemoglobin (HbAlc) level and the prevalence of proteinuria as determined using a reagent strip. The prevalence of proteinuria rose significantly at HbAlc levels above 5.9%, whereas no relationship was observed at HbAlc levels below 5.9%. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that blood pressure and a family history of diabetes were independent factors associated with proteinuria in subjects with a HbAlc below 5.9% who were not under medication for diabetes. In contrast, HbAlc, obesity and smoking were associated with proteinuria in subjects who were under medication for diabetes and/or have a HbAlc above 5.9%. These findings suggest that maintaining a HbAlc level below 5.9%, non-smoking and a standard body weight may reduce the prevalence of proteinuria in Japanese men. Healthy life-style and standard body weight are especially important for subjects with a family history of diabetes.
    (Internal Medicine 38: 6-11, 1999)
    Download PDF (1105K)
  • Osamu OKADA, Nobuhiro TANABE, Junichi YASUDA, Yasuhide YOSHIDA, Kunihi ...
    1999 Volume 38 Issue 1 Pages 12-16
    Published: 1999
    Released: March 27, 2006
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) is a progressive disease of unknown etiology usually followed by death within 5 years after diagnosis. Although heart-lung or lung transplantation is now offered to patients with advanced PPH, adequate criteria assessing an accurate prediction of life expectancy in PPH has been difficult to establish. The aims of this study were to identify the characteristic features associated with a poor prognosis in patients with PPH, and to attempt to establish an individual prognostic index that predicts with great accuracy survival or death of PPH after one year, thereby helping to define criteria for patient selection for transplantation. In 1991, a retrospective nation-wide survey on PPH was conducted in Japan, and the clinical and cardiorespiratory variables of 223 PPH cases (female; 144, male; 79) in the period from 1980-1990 were obtained. The mean pulmonary arterial pressure (PPA) was 57.5 ± 17.2 mmHg (mean ± SD), and the overall median survival time was 32.5 months since the first diagnostic catheterization. The characteristic features of 61 patients who died within one year of catheterization (Nonsurvivors group) were compared to 141 patients who survived one year or more from the time of catheterization (Survivors group). Among several clinical and cardiorespiratory variables, heart rate, PPA, right atrial pressure (PRA), stroke volume index (SI), pulmonary vascular resistance, and partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2) were significantly different between the two groups. As the independent factors, PPA, PRA, SI, and PaCO2 were selected for the multiple logistic analysis. Using a 0.7 probability cut-point to separate Nonsurvivors from Survivors, 84.6% of Nonsurvivors and Survivors could be correctly predicted from this logistic regression equation. Predictive equations like the present preliminary one can be used in the future to better assess life expectancy in patients with PPH in whom transplantation will be considered.
    (Internal Medicine 38: 12-16, 1999)
    Download PDF (1080K)
  • Tetsuo ISOZAKI, Takayoshi KIBA, Kazushi NUMATA, Satoru SAITO, Takeshi ...
    1999 Volume 38 Issue 1 Pages 17-21
    Published: 1999
    Released: March 27, 2006
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    A 54-year-old man with medullary thyroid carcinoma in the thyroid gland was unable to undergo total thyroidectomy because the tumor had invaded the mediastinum. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy were given. Seven years later, intractable diarrhea and abdominal pain appeared, and computed tomography demonstrated hypervascular tumors in the thyroid gland and in the liver. The tumors were successfully treated with percutaneous ethanol injection to a lesion in the thyroid gland and transcatheter arterial embolization followed by percutaneous ethanol injection to tumors in the liver. Transcatheter arterial embolization and percutaneous ethanol injection may be valuable in treating medullary thyroid carcinoma.
    (Internal Medicine 38: 17-21, 1999)
    Download PDF (2212K)
  • Takashi GOTO, Masafumi KOMATSU, Tomoo FUJII, Shigetoshi OHSHIMA, Kunio ...
    1999 Volume 38 Issue 1 Pages 22-26
    Published: 1999
    Released: March 27, 2006
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    A 33-year-old woman was admitted to our department for evaluation of liver dysfunction and proteinuria. A liver biopsy specimen showed ductular proliferation and moderate portal fibrosis indicating stage II primary biliary cirrhosis. A renal biopsy specimen showed mild to moderate mesangial cell proliferation without crescent formation or interstitial nephritis. Immunofluorescent staining revealed deposition of immunoglobulin G (IgG), third component of complement (C3), and Clq on glomerular basement membranes. The findings indicated stage I membranous glomerulonephritis. Administration of ursodesoxycholic acid together with prednisolone, azathioprine, and dipyridamole decreased proteinuria and improved cholestatic liver dysfunction.
    (Internal Medicine 38: 22-26, 1999)
    Download PDF (1785K)
  • Masao TAKATORI, Osamu OOYAMA, Tatsuya IWASAKI, Atsushi TAKAHASHI, Take ...
    1999 Volume 38 Issue 1 Pages 27-30
    Published: 1999
    Released: March 27, 2006
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    A 90-year-old male, with impending rupture of an isolated internal iliac artery aneurysm (IIAA) complicated with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) was successfully treated with transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE). After TAE, enlargement of the aneurysm was arrested and coagulation-fibrinolytic abnormalities induced by DIC improved without severe complications. Although IIAA is relatively rare, the post-operative mortality of patients with ruptures is reportedly high. We assessed the usefulness of this procedure for impending rupture of IIAA, especially for patients in high risk groups.
    (Internal Medicine 38: 27-30, 1999)
    Download PDF (2226K)
  • Yasukazu KIMURA, Minoru KAWAMURA, Masahiko OWADA, Toshikatsu OSHIMA, M ...
    1999 Volume 38 Issue 1 Pages 31-35
    Published: 1999
    Released: March 27, 2006
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    A 42-year-old man had biochemical and somatic abnormalities compatible with pseudohypoparathyroidism type I (PsHP) and also had high plasma renin activity (PRA). After 1, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D (calcitriol) supplementation the systolic/diastolic blood pressure, assessed by 24-hour non-invasive ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, was reduced from 145/96 mmHg to 128/85 mmHg with normalization of the serum calcium level and its related hormones, as well as decreased PRA. Calcitriol supplementation successfully reduced the blood pressure in this patient with PsHP and a high PRA, suggesting that calcium-related hormones and/or the renin-angiotensin system were involved in lowering the blood pressure.
    (Internal Medicine 38: 31-35, 1999)
    Download PDF (1072K)
  • Soichiro FUJIYAMA, Yasukiyo MORI, Hiroaki MATSUBARA, Sonoko OKADA, Kat ...
    1999 Volume 38 Issue 1 Pages 36-39
    Published: 1999
    Released: March 27, 2006
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    A 30-year-old pregnant woman complained of muscle weakness at 29 weeks' gestation. She was hypertensive with severe hypokalemia. Lower plasma renin activity and higher aldosterone level than the normal values in pregnancy suggested primary aldosteronism. A cesarean delivery was performed at 31 weeks' gestation because of pulmonary congestion. The neonatal course was uncomplicated. The laparoscopic adrenalectomy for a 2.0-cm right adrenal adenoma resulted in normalizing of her blood pressure and serum potassium level. Although primary aldosteronism is rare, especially during pregnancy, it should be always considered as one of etiologies of hypertension in pregnancy.
    (Internal Medicine 38: 36-39, 1999)
    Download PDF (1840K)
  • Tohru HAMANISHI, Taisei NAKAO, Masayuki NISHINO, Takuya YANAGAWA, Masa ...
    1999 Volume 38 Issue 1 Pages 40-44
    Published: 1999
    Released: March 27, 2006
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    A 56-year-old man was admitted to our hospital in December 1996 due to empyema thoracis. A laboratory examination revealed lymphocytopenia and CD4+ T lymphocytopenia (<300 cells/μl). No evidence for a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection was found. No malignant, hematological or autoimmune disease was detected. We thus diagnosed this case as being idiopathic CD4+ T lymphocytopenia (ICL). During his hospital treatment, he was affected with cytomegaloviral retinitis and cured by therapy. His subsequent treatment went well without a recurrence of severe infection although a low CD4+ T lymphocyte count continued after the recovery from empyema thoracis.
    (Internal Medicine 38: 40-44, 1999)
    Download PDF (1508K)
  • Masahiro KAMI, Ichiro SHIROUZU, Kinuko MITANI, Seishi OGAWA, Tomoko MA ...
    1999 Volume 38 Issue 1 Pages 45-48
    Published: 1999
    Released: March 27, 2006
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    We treated a patient diagnosed as central nervous system (CNS) aspergillosis with the combined use of cerebral diffusion-weighted echo-planar magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) and polymerase chain reaction of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF-PCR). DWI, a cutting-edge imaging modality to reveal the earliest changes of cerebral infarction, detected cerebral fungal embolization when the conventional computed tomographic scan and magnetic resonance imaging failed to reveal it. CSF-PCR demonstrated the presence of Aspergillus-speciflc DNA in the specimen, when the conventional examination and culture of CSF were nonspecific or negative. These diagnostic methods could be useful in the early diagnosis of CNS aspergillosis.
    (Internal Medicine 38:45-48, 1999)
    Download PDF (1515K)
  • Kosuke KASHIWABARA, Hiroyuki NAKAMURA, Hiroshi KUSAMA, Koji KISHI, His ...
    1999 Volume 38 Issue 1 Pages 49-53
    Published: 1999
    Released: March 27, 2006
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Although it has been reported that primary Ki-1 (CD30)-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) of the skin may undergo spontaneous regression, it is rare for ALCL without cutaneous involvement to have spontaneously regressing lymphadenopathy. We report a case of sarcomatoid variant of ALCL accompanied by spontaneously regressing lymphadenopathy. The patient had gastric and pulmonary involvement of ALCL in addition to systemic lymphadenopathy, but with no cutaneous involvement. The lymphadenopathy spontaneously improved gradually during a period of one month without any treatment. At the same time, multiple small nodules in both lung fields decreased on chest computed tomography and multiple elevated gastric tumors with dimples were endoscopically recognized to have improved. He has since been treated with combination chemotherapy because of recurrence of the lymphadenopathy.
    (Internal Medicine 38: 49-53, 1999)
    Download PDF (3249K)
  • Yasutaka TAJIMA, Katsuyoshi ISONISHI, Takeshi KASHIWABA, Kunio TASHIRO
    1999 Volume 38 Issue 1 Pages 54-58
    Published: 1999
    Released: March 27, 2006
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Two young women who had encephalopathy that resembled reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome are presented. The brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of these patients exhibited similar T2-high signal lesions, mostly in the white matter of the posterior hemispheres. Xe-SPECT during the patients' symptomatic period showed hypoperfusion in the corresponding areas, and angiography demonstrated irregular narrowing of the posterior cerebral artery. Clinical manifestations subsided soon after treatment, and the abnormal radiological findings also were almost completely resolved. Thus, we concluded that transient hypoperfusion followed by ischemia and cytotoxic edema might have had a pivotal role in these cases.
    (Internal Medicine 38: 54-58, 1999)
    Download PDF (2282K)
  • Yukihiro HAMA, Masamichi MINESHITA, Toshiro KONDO, Hiroko YASUDA, Sada ...
    1999 Volume 38 Issue 1 Pages 59-62
    Published: 1999
    Released: March 27, 2006
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    A 66-year-old woman, diagnosed with chronic thyroiditis at age 63, presented with anorexia and fatigue. Therapy for the chronic thyroiditis consisted of levothyroxine sodium (100 μg/day). Her symptoms were attributed to the insufficient supply of levothyroxine sodium. Following a dosage increase to 150 μg/day, she suffered from an acute attack of pseudogout. Clinical features were complicated by Sjögren's syndrome, which appeared after treatment onset. Pseudogout was effectively treated by colchicine after administration of diclofenac sodium failed to alleviate the symptoms. Pseudogout is a recognized complication of thyroid replacement therapy, but association with Sjögren's syndrome has not been previously reported.
    (Internal Medicine 38: 59-62, 1999)
    Download PDF (1570K)
  • Tomonori NAKAZATO, Mitsuo KITAHARA, Kentarou WATANABE, Takahide KIKUCH ...
    1999 Volume 38 Issue 1 Pages 63-66
    Published: 1999
    Released: March 27, 2006
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    A 47-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of severe low back pain. A computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a left sided psoas muscle abscess. On the first hospital day, US-guided drainage was performed. Streptococcus pneumoniae was isolated from the pus. Thereafter, the open drainkage of the abscess and antibiotic treatment were given with subsequent clinical improvement. Only 10 cases of pneumococcal psoas abscess have been previously reported in the world literature.
    (Internal Medicine 38:63-66, 1999)
    Download PDF (1390K)
  • Yoshinobu OHSAKI, Akihiko MATSUMOTO, Kenji MIYAMOTO, Nobuo KONDOH, Kun ...
    1999 Volume 38 Issue 1 Pages 67-70
    Published: 1999
    Released: March 27, 2006
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    A 19-year-old girl who had lived in India for five years until 1992 was admitted to Hokuto Hospital after general seizures which lasted for fifteen minutes. Cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a ring-enhanced lesion of 6 mm in diameter in the right parietal lobe. She underwent surgical resection after diagnosis of the brain tumor. Histopathological examinations revealed that the resected tumor was a cysticercus of Taenia solium (T. solium), and we concluded that her seizures were caused by neurocysticercosis. Serological examinations by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and immunoblots to detect specific antibody against the glycoproteins of T. solium showed no detectable antibody response. The patient is under careful observation in our out-patient clinic with no medication.
    (Internal Medicine 38: 67-70, 1999)
    Download PDF (1772K)
  • Wataru MATSUYAMA, Akira MIZOGUCHI, Tetsurou HAMASAKI, Joeji WAKIMOTO, ...
    1999 Volume 38 Issue 1 Pages 71-72
    Published: 1999
    Released: March 27, 2006
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (222K)
  • Sadayoshi OHBU, Toshimasa UEKUSA, Fumihiko WATANABE, Naohiko CHOHNABAY ...
    1999 Volume 38 Issue 1 Pages 73
    Published: 1999
    Released: March 27, 2006
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (698K)
  • Ken-ichiro INOUE, Yohei ODA, Kiichiro TOMIYASU, Motoharu KONDO
    1999 Volume 38 Issue 1 Pages 74
    Published: 1999
    Released: March 27, 2006
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (151K)
  • Nanako KANEKO, Susumu KANEKO, Satoko YAMADA, Katsunori SUZUKI, Yasuro ...
    1999 Volume 38 Issue 1 Pages 75
    Published: 1999
    Released: March 27, 2006
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (108K)
feedback
Top